Finds risk and protective factors during adolescence that predict future regular smoking and multiple problem behavior among youth who had tried smoking by grade 7. Protective factors include good grades and parental disapproval of smoking/drug use.
Assesses the relationship between alcohol availability and consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana, U.S.A. Alcohol outlet density was associated with the quantity of consumption among drinkers in Louisiana but not in Los Angeles
Examined whether reimbursement for Provider Counseling, Pharmacotherapies, and a telephone Quitline increase smoking cessation relative to Usual Care. A telephone Quitline in conjunction with low-cost Pharmacotherapy was found to be the most effective means of reducing smoking in the elderly.
Punitive DUI policies (e.g., jail time, license suspension) might curb many drinking behaviors among HIV-positive adults, while harm reduction policies (e.g., court treatment programs) might have been established in response to higher drinking rates.
Racial disparities in treatment completion could be gained by increasing enrollment in residential alcohol treatment in Los Angeles County.
This article argues that since the mid-1990s Tajikistan has become a narco-state, in which leaders of the most powerful trafficking groups occupy high-ranking government positions and misuse state structures for their own illicit businesses.
Uses Andersen's Behavioral Model to see if health sector market conditions affect vulnerable subgroups' use of ADM differently than general population
Assess racial and ethnic differences in rates of completion from publicly funded alcohol treatment programs, and estimate extent to which any identified racial differences in completion rates are related to differences in patient characteristics.
Studies have shown that increased exposure to cigarette advertising increases adolescents' risk of smoking.
Neighborhoods represent a unique level of analysis where social and material determinants of social capital may be lodged.
Large racial disparities in completion rates from substance abuse treatment programs in urban settings remain largely unexplained, although evidence is accumulating that neighborhood conditions may influence individual substance abuse patterns and consequences.
The impact of demographic and family influence factors on smoking initiation varies over time. However, the maximum risk for initiation is during the early teen years, and the range of considerable vulnerability is during middle school and high school.
Mismatches between alcohol demand and supply of liquor stores in urban neighborhoods constitute an injustice for minorities and lower-income persons.
This study reports results from an evaluation of the experimental Rio Hondo driving under the influence (DUI) court of Los Angeles County, California.
In this article, the authors examine daily temporal patterns of smoking in relation to environmental restrictions on smoking and cessation outcomes.
The present study investigated whether adolescent cigarette, alcohol, marijuana, and hard drug use predicts life satisfaction in young adulthood.
This recruitment method is highly recommended as a cost-effective way to reach the senior population.
Policy makers should consider limiting a variety of marketing practices that could contribute to drinking in early adolescence.
The majority of smokers have no plans to quit in the near future.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, the authors consider the relationship between the timing of family formation and positive changes in health behavior.