This experimental study found that the way that smoking is portrayed in movies can be important in determining its effect on adolescent smoking.
Setting intermediate criteria between the present behavior and total abstinence can improve outcomes for hard to treat smokers.
Some cognitive behavioral theories, including self-efficacy and social norms, can help explain risky drug injection behaviors, while others, such as perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers, have yielded inconsistent or inconclusive results.
This study found that using group MI can be an acceptable approach for youth at risk for alcohol or other drug offenses.
Youth with more substance users in their networks reported greater alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana consumption. Network-based interventions may be a means to enhance pro-social influences and reduce exposure to substance use for this population.
Whether or not an adolescent stops or begins smoking is influenced by whether or not his/her romantic relationship smokes.
The authors examine variations in craving when people were smoking in various real-world situations.
Message content in anti-smoking public service announcements (PSAs) can be delivered explicitly (directly with concrete statements) or implicitly (indirectly via metaphor), and the method of delivery may affect the efficacy of those PSAs. The purpose of this study was to conduct an initial test of this idea using tobacco industry manipulation PSAs in adolescents.
Poverty and corruption are pervasive in Afghanistan and opium production is rampant, especially in the country's most insecure southern regions.
The authors examine whether neighborhood alcohol outlet density is associated with reduced social capital and whether this relationship is mediated by perceived neighborhood safety.
In mid-1995, a government effort to reduce the supply of methamphetamine precursors successfully disrupted the methamphetamine market and interrupted a trajectory of increasing usage.
Explores India's role in the world illicit opiate market, particularly its role as a producer.
This research studied alcohol abuse and illegal substance use patterns in a large cohort of urban trauma patients, identified correlates of alcohol abuse, and assessed the utility of a single item binge-drinking screener for identifying patients with past
The effect of antismoking public service announcements can be strengthened by using actors whom adolescents perceive to be appealing.
Deterrence theory proposes that legal compliance is influenced by the anticipated risk of legal sanctions.
This study used latent growth mixture modeling to identify discrete developmental patterns of heavy drinking, perceived parental disapproval of substance use, and association with peers who drink from early to late adolescence among a sample of 5,591 youth.
Drinking behavior in preadolescence is a significant predictor of both short- and long-term negative consequences. This study examined the psychometric properties of 1 known risk factor for drinking in this age group, alcohol expectancies, within an item response theory framework.
Increased exposure to cigarette advertisements is associated with increases in adolescent smoking but the reasons for this association are not well established.
Homeless women with a greater proportion of heavy alcohol users in their personal networks had greater odds of engaging in binge drinking, and women with a greater proportion of drug users in their networks had greater odds of using marijuana, cocaine, crack, and methamphetamine or other amphetamines. Women with a greater proportion of individuals in their networks that they had met in school or through work had lower odds of marijuana, cocaine, and crack use.