This study quantified the fiscal consequences and potential risks of trends in population health for medical care costs, labor supply, earnings, wealth, tax revenues, and government expenditures.
The authors respond to comments made in Bhattacharji, Romesh and Kamminga, Jorrit. (2010), A Response to Is Medicinal Opium Production Afghanistan's Answer?: Lessons From India and the World Market, Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, Vol. 3(1).
This study found that cable TV ad placements on for beer, spirits, and alcopops increased as adolescent viewership rose from 0% to 30%, especially for female viewers.
This exploratory study examines changes in workplace productivity and related costs for clients receiving a Brief intervention (BI) for at-risk drinking in the employee assistance program (EAP).
This study of national survey and state policy data found that restrictive alcohol sales policies may reduce drinking and transmission risk in HIV-positive populations.
This study found that abstinence from all substance use for 12 months among a sample of 13-17 year olds was associated with positive long-term educational and economic outcomes relative to use of any substance.
This reassessment of the relationship between heavy and persistent marijuana use and high school dropout found that drop out is unlikely to be due to its adverse effects on cognition.
Economics offers tools and topical expertise that complement other disciplines associated with the addiction sciences. Its value goes far beyond the ability to monetize nonmonetary outcomes or to calculate a cost-benefit ratio.
Sexual behavior among adolescents with HIV-positive mothers was less prevalent than among other adolescents, but was more likely to occur with adolescent alcohol use, lack of parental monitoring, and poorer physical functioning of HIV-positive mothers.
Analyses by gender and grade level showed that for boys and middle school youth, parental knowledge was a protective factor for increases in substance use across 1 year.
This experimental study found that the way that smoking is portrayed in movies can be important in determining its effect on adolescent smoking.
Setting intermediate criteria between the present behavior and total abstinence can improve outcomes for hard to treat smokers.
Some cognitive behavioral theories, including self-efficacy and social norms, can help explain risky drug injection behaviors, while others, such as perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers, have yielded inconsistent or inconclusive results.
This study found that using group MI can be an acceptable approach for youth at risk for alcohol or other drug offenses.
Youth with more substance users in their networks reported greater alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana consumption. Network-based interventions may be a means to enhance pro-social influences and reduce exposure to substance use for this population.
Whether or not an adolescent stops or begins smoking is influenced by whether or not his/her romantic relationship smokes.
The authors examine variations in craving when people were smoking in various real-world situations.
Message content in anti-smoking public service announcements (PSAs) can be delivered explicitly (directly with concrete statements) or implicitly (indirectly via metaphor), and the method of delivery may affect the efficacy of those PSAs. The purpose of this study was to conduct an initial test of this idea using tobacco industry manipulation PSAs in adolescents.
Poverty and corruption are pervasive in Afghanistan and opium production is rampant, especially in the country's most insecure southern regions.
The authors examine whether neighborhood alcohol outlet density is associated with reduced social capital and whether this relationship is mediated by perceived neighborhood safety.