Crime and its impact on public safety, public health, and economics are universal concerns. RAND research has informed criminal justice policy development at local, state, and national levels in the United States and Europe, particularly in the areas of juvenile crime, violence, and substance abuse, and has explored a range of topics from the drug trade and "insider" crimes to sexual assault and the cost-effectiveness of crime prevention.
Summarizes first-year findings of an ongoing evaluation of a California program aimed at developing statewide capacities and implementing interventions to prevent suicide.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit draws from the scientific literature to guide evaluations of suicide prevention programs. This report is a companion to the toolkit and provides background on its development and testing.
The RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit translates scientific research on suicide prevention to help program staff assess whether their programs produce beneficial effects and identify needed improvements.
In this testimony before the California State Senate, Rajeev Ramchand discusses effective strategies for preventing suicide, the tenth leading cause of death in the state.
A broad range of board-level interventions—including having an empowered, independent Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer—could improve compliance and ethics oversight within the C-suite and better support transparency toward shareholders and employees.
Predictive policing methods fall into four general categories: methods for predicting crimes, predicting offenders, predicting perpetrators' identities, and predicting victims of crime. These methods are not equivalent to a crystal ball, but they can enhance proactive policing and improve intervention strategies.
Experts find that identifying whether a suicide prevention program is effective is challenging, because suicide is such a rare event. While these programs may show immediate reductions in suicide attempts, long-term effects are uncertain.
On May 16, 2012, RAND hosted a symposium that brought together senior thought leaders for a discussion about organizational culture and the business and policy ramifications of efforts to build better ethical cultures in corporations.
This document synthesizes the discussion from a roundtable symposium RAND convened in January 2012 to explore the practical difficulties facing companies in complying with anti-corruption mandates and the challenges of corruption in foreign markets.
Testimony presented before the House Veterans' Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Health on December 2, 2011.
This report discusses cold-case investigations in the United States and examines factors associated with successful ones, reporting a survey of law enforcement agencies about their cold-case investigations and an analysis of four agencies' files.
The debate over the new U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission whistleblower rules overshadows a deeper question for corporations and regulators—how best to reconcile strong compliance and internal reporting mechanisms with the incentives created by the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act to report fraud directly to the SEC.
The European Commission seeks to develop a European Crime Report (ECR) to improve understanding of the EU crime and justice situation. RAND Europe researched the analytical and operational challenges and opportunities to developing an ECR.
Despite a range of legislative and policy interventions, the trade in illicit art and antiquities continues to flourish, resulting in damage to the arts, scholarship, and heritage. RAND Europe explored new ways of curtailing the illegal trade in cultural property.
U.S. military officials should improve efforts to identify those at risk and improve both the quality and access to behavioral health treatment in response to a sharp rise in suicide among members of the nation's armed forces.
An initiative that successfully reduced gun violence in Boston was adapted for a section of East Los Angeles with prevalent gang activity. Though not implemented as planned, the intervention helped reduce violent and gang crime in the targeted districts, both during and immediately after implementation.
The only scenario where marijuana legalization in California could substantially reduce the revenue of the drug trafficking organizations is if high-potency, California-produced marijuana is smuggled to other U.S. states at prices that are lower than those of current Mexican supplies.
In 2006, more than 6 million individuals were victimized by violent crimes. The extent of violence and its impact highlight a critical need to develop and implement effective programs to reduce violence and victimization, and to conduct critical evaluations to inform other violence-reduction programs.
Based on literature, expert insights, and a conceptual framework, this study identifies a number of recommendations for improving the understanding of illicit drug markets, supply reduction efforts, and drug-related crime in the EU.
Provides an overview of recent research on sexual assault and summarizes more than 450 individual studies of the topic.