Defense Infrastructure

The buildings and permanent installations necessary for the support, deployment, and operation of a nation's military constitute its defense infrastructure. RAND research has examined the structure and needs of U.S. and allied military facilities, provided recommendations concerning base realignment, and investigated ways to maximize the capabilities and utilization of existing resources and to define future infrastructure needs.

  • Two U.S. Air Force pilots use night vision goggles during an exercise above Yokota Air Base, Japan, August 24, 2015


    Political Challenges to the U.S. Overseas Military Presence

    The U.S. military depends on access to overseas bases to project power around the world. Political challenges to access have been common, but the threat has often been overstated.

    Nov 21, 2016

  • Report

    Continuity and Contingency in USAF Posture Planning

    This study develops a framework for long-term U.S. Air Force (USAF) posture planning that accounts for drivers of USAF posture and identifies steps the USAF can take to increase posture robustness and agility over the 30-year planning period.

    Nov 18, 2016

  • Report

    Improvements to Air Force Strategic Basing Decisions

    Examines the Air Force's basing decisionmaking process and assesses the quality of the underlying data.

    Apr 15, 2016

  • Report

    Water Management, Partnerships, Rights, and Market Trends: An Overview for Army Installation Managers

    This report assesses water management, partnerships, rights, and market trends and opportunities, and how Army installations can potentially use them to improve programs and investments in water and wastewater systems.

    Apr 5, 2016

  • The forward island of the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier being attached to the main body of the carrier


    Key Skills and Competences for Defence

    The European Defence Agency commissioned RAND Europe to identify and define the key skills and competences for defence, within the context of both current and future supply and demand, in order to provide recommendations to ensure that a stable supply of such defence skills is able to be maintained.

    Jul 30, 2015

  • Hercules aircraft parked on the tarmac at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma in Ginowan on Okinawa


    Should the U.S. Move the Marines to Guam?

    The option to permanently base Marines on Guam should hinge on the benefits of the location and the costs. Guam scores poorly on both counts and better options exist. However, previous guidance provided to the Marine Corps constrains consideration of such options.

    Feb 28, 2014

  • binary face future technology landscape


    Future Technology Landscapes

    In recent decades, the centre of gravity for defence innovation has shifted from defence to the civilian sector. The UK MOD has developed successful approaches to improve its engagement with external innovators but should review its wider engagement across the supply chain, recognising that the civil sector now dominates most of the UK technology landscape.

    Dec 5, 2013

  • Airmen from the 748th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron offload one of the two HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopters from a C-17 Globemaster III at Royal Air Force Mildenhall, United Kingdom, Sept. 19, 2013


    A Cost Analysis of the U.S. Air Force Overseas Posture

    While it does cost more to maintain force structures and installations overseas rather than in the United States, the total cost of doing so for the Air Force's current overseas posture is small relative to the Air Force's overall budget.

    Sep 16, 2013

  • Report

    Key Trends That Will Shape Army Installations of Tomorrow

    Assesses how future trends external to Army installations may affect the Army's ability to provide quality installation services and infrastructure.

    Jun 6, 2013

  • world map showing U.S. overseas bases


    The Strategic Benefits, Risks, and Costs of U.S. Military Presence Overseas

    While the DoD is under pressure to reduce costs, meaningful savings from overseas posture changes would require choosing from a small set of options, each presenting benefit trade-offs. U.S. military presence contributes to assurance of allies, deterrence, contingency responsiveness, and security cooperation.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Research Brief

    U.S. Overseas Military Posture: Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits

    In an environment of fiscal constraints and shifting strategic needs, policymakers should carefully weigh the strategic capability effects, relative costs, and risks associated with potential changes to U.S. overseas military posture.

    Apr 29, 2013

  • Report

    Obtaining Life-Cycle Cost-Effective Facilities in the Department of Defense

    The Department of Defense constructs, operates, and maintains numerous facilities. This report shares RAND's description and assessment of the process used to obtain life-cycle cost-effective facilities and how it affects construction options.

    Mar 5, 2013

  • Satellite image of the United States at night


    Capabilities-Based Planning Can Enhance Energy Security at DoD Installations

    Energy security strategies are needed because DoD installations rely on the U.S. commercial electricity grid which is vulnerable to disruption from natural hazards and actor-induced outages, such as physical or cyber attacks.

    Feb 20, 2013

  • One of a flight of F-5A Freedom Fighter,armed with 500-pound bombs,refuels from a KC-135 tanker somewhere over Vietnam in February 1966.


    U.S. Global Defense Posture, 1783–2011

    Debates over the U.S. global defense posture are not new. As policymakers today evaluate the U.S. forward military presence, it is important that they understand how and why the U.S. global posture has changed in the past. This historical overview has important implications for current policy and future efforts to develop an American military strategy, in particular the scope, size, and type of military presence overseas.

    Jan 14, 2013

  • News Release

    Looming Strategic Choices for U.S. Overseas Military Presence

    Since World War II, the United States has relied on a global network of military bases and forces to protect its interests and those of its allies. But the international environment has changed greatly and economic concerns have risen, leading some to debate just what America's role should now be in the world.

    Sep 12, 2012

  • Report

    Looming Strategic Choices for U.S. Overseas Military Presence

    Since World War II, the United States has relied on a global network of military bases and forces to protect its interests and those of its allies. But the international environment has changed greatly and economic concerns have risen, leading some to debate just what America's role should now be in the world.

    Sep 11, 2012

  • Commentary

    DoD Renewable Fuels Investment Premature

    Technological development challenges suggest that it is highly unlikely that advanced approaches for producing hydrotreated renewable oils suitable for military applications will constitute an important fraction of the commercial fuel market until well beyond the next decade, writes Keith Crane.

    May 24, 2012

  • News Release

    Obituary: Glenn A. Kent, National Security Strategist, Senior RAND Research Fellow

    Lt. Gen. Glenn A. Kent, a strategist, analyst and teacher whose career spanned World War II, the Cold War and the post-Cold War eras, died April 25.

    Apr 26, 2012

  • Research Brief

    Standing Up a More Capable Joint Task Force Headquarters

    The U.S. Army needs to improve its ability to command and control joint, interagency, and multinational forces in diverse environments, and to prepare Army headquarters to perform as components of, or headquarters for, joint task forces.

    Nov 18, 2011

  • Report

    Targets for Marine Corps Purchasing and Supply Management Initiatives: Spend Analysis Findings

    Moore et al. provide a first-order analysis of Marine Corps purchases and Defense Logistics Agency purchases on behalf of the Marine Corps, revealing many indicators of opportunities and challenges for purchasing and supply management initiatives.

    Oct 13, 2011