The study of populations and their effects on energy and the environment has become increasingly important to both the private sector and government. RAND demographers—experts in fields such as economics, statistics, mathematics, epidemiology, population and migration, and labor markets—conduct multidisciplinary, policy-relevant research and host annual conferences and demography workshops to help solve real-world problems.
While attention is focused on efforts to make the world go green, the world is also changing dramatically because it is going gray. People over age 65 are starting to outnumber those under 16 in many countries, write Jonathan Grant and Stijn Hoorens.
Since military operations began in Afghanistan and Iraq, lengthy deployments have led to concerns about the vulnerability of military marriages.
This brief focuses on the impact that demography may have on income inequality in the 2020-2060 horizon, with a view to helping decision-makers factor demographic change into long term strategies for the reduction of inequality and poverty in Europe.
Findings include a consistent survival advantage for married over unmarried men and women, and an additional survival "premium" for married men, and little evidence of mortality differences between never-married, divorced/separated, and widowed statuses.
Cost profiles of physician groups are statistically more reliable than profiles of individual physicians but they don't predict individual physician performance within the group.
To better understand the potential for retail clinics, the authors describe the sociodemographic characteristics of the communities in which they operate.
Assesses how park characteristics and demographic factors are associated with park use.
In the United States and abroad, the aging of the population and changes in its demographic and social composition raise important considerations for the future of health care and the systems that pay for care.
The presence of street gangs has been hypothesized as influencing overall levels of violence in urban communities through a process of gun-drug diffusion and crosstype homicide.
For Mexican American immigrants, living in an area populated by relatively more Spanish speakers or more Hispanic immigrants is associated with better access to care. The associations are generally stronger for more recent immigrants compared with those who are better established. Among U.S.-born Mexican Americans who are uninsured, living in areas more heavily populated with Spanish-speaking immigrants is negatively associated with access to care.
Life expectancy for U.S. men and women in 2050 may be higher than predicted in official government forecasts, with the result that the costs of Medicare and Social Security could be significantly higher than currently estimated.
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between alcohol availability types and community characteristics in randomly selected census tracts in Southern California and Southeastern Louisiana.
The authors tested the relationship between urban or rural residence and risk of mortality in a sample of Medicare beneficiaries with lung cancer and found no evidence that lung cancer patients in rural areas have poorer survival than those in urban areas.
The authors begin a discourse on the demographic future of Europe.
For many community colleges, expanding enrollment demands coincide with shrinking resources, confronting policymakers with multiple competing constituencies of discouraged college-goers.
Documents the prevalence of obesity and related health conditions for Europeans aged 50 years and older, and estimates the association between obesity and health outcomes across 10 European countries. Cross-country differences in the prevalence of obesity in older Europeans are substantial and exceed socio-demographic differentials in excessive body weight. Obesity is associated with significantly poorer health outcomes among Europeans aged 50 years and over, with effects similar across countries.
The authors provide both a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relation between administrative and survey data.
Governments worldwide are searching for ways to cope with ageing populations as the demographic shift towards fewer and later births takes hold.
This article analyzes how demographic factors are affecting the security environment of Southeast Asia and examines the resulting security implications for the United States.
This paper explores the impact on public policy of the new demographic realities in European countries.