Untreated clinical depression and other mental illnesses can result in serious consequences for individuals, families, and society. RAND research seeks to optimize the use of effective treatments for depression whether in a primary care setting or by psychiatric professionals, and to understand the impact of depressive disorders on various populations, including new mothers, teens, substance abusers, and those with other illnesses such as HIV/AIDS or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Both chronic and current bullying are associated with substantially worse health. Clinicians who recognize bullying when it first starts could intervene to reverse the downward health trajectory experienced by youth who are repeated targets.
The present study examined smoking prevalence and the demographic, clinical and psychosocial characteristics associated with smoking among a sample of Veterans Affairs primary care patients with probable major depression.
The primary goal of this analysis was to examine the influence of depression above and beyond the effects of HIV treatment on work activity and function.
We examined the effect of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and the predictive role of depression, on condom use with primary partners.
Peer support services have demonstrated many notable outcomes. However, studies that better differentiate the contributions of the peer role and are conducted with greater specificity, consistency, and rigor would strengthen the evidence.
Depression is a significant challenge for ambulatory care because it worsens health status and outcomes, increases health care utilizations and costs, and elevates suicide risk.
Providing on-site group cognitive behavior therapy to those receiving residential substance abuse treatment is a cost-effective way to treat depression.
We examined differences in the use of mental health services, conditional on the presence of psychiatric disorders, across Mexico's population with different US migration exposure and in successive generations of Mexican Americans in the US.
Research confirms that showing up for therapy sessions substantially improves treatment outcomes for patients suffering from anxiety disorder.
Increased access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in developing countries over the last decade is believed to have contributed to reductions in HIV transmission and improvements in life expectancy.
Incorporating community programs such as churches, social service providers, and beauty salons into efforts to improve depression care in low-income neighborhoods can help improve quality of life and lower the risk of a life crisis.
A steering council used community-partnered participatory research to support workgroups in developing CR action plans and hosted forums for input to design a pilot demonstration of implementing CR versus enhanced individual preparedness toolkits.
A large number of youth enrolled in Medicaid with depressive symptoms do not receive adequate acute treatment. Due to workforce constraints in the child mental health sector, quality improvement and system redesign efforts are likely required to address this issue.
Collaborative care models, where care for chronic disease and mental health care are integrated and provided in the primary care setting, benefit patients, strengthen health care systems, and reduce costs.
This article makes recommendations for selecting and training addiction counselors to deliver group-base cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and provides suggestions for the structure and process of their ongoing clinical supervision.
Nearly 15 percent of women develop depressive episodes during pregnancy. A similar percentage develop depression in the first three months following birth. Physiologic and psychological challenges unique to pregnancy can complicate the identification and management of perinatal depression.
The way adolescents react to stress has been shown to be a significant factor in our understanding of sex differences in depression. Adolescent girls experienced greater total stress than boys, particularly interpersonal stress, which may explain their higher rates of depression.
Depression plays a role in the deleterious effects of HIV on functioning, and antidepressant treatment provided alongside ART may serve to help individuals regain functioning, particularly employment.
The present study examined the prevalence of depression and associated correlates among a national sample of immigrants newly admitted to legal permanent residence to the US.
Evaluated the impact of a psychoeducational video on posttraumatic distress and factors related to the mental health treatment seeking process among trauma care center patients receiving care following hospitalization for a serious physical injury.