Untreated clinical depression and other mental illnesses can result in serious consequences for individuals, families, and society. RAND research seeks to optimize the use of effective treatments for depression whether in a primary care setting or by psychiatric professionals, and to understand the impact of depressive disorders on various populations, including new mothers, teens, substance abusers, and those with other illnesses such as HIV/AIDS or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The Allegheny County Maternal Depression and Child Health Care Initiative helped to promote healthy lifestyles and positive health outcomes, reduce preventable disease and environmental health risks, eliminate health disparities, and ensure access to quality care for young children, mothers, and families.
Anxious patients with pain benefit as much as those without pain from cognitive-behavioral therapy and medication treatment.
The goal of this paper is to document and evaluate the process of implementing an evidence-based depression intervention in community settings through the use of community-academic partnered approaches.
This study addresses the symptom overlap of people meeting DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for GAD, MDD, or both to investigate whether comorbidity might be explained by overlapping diagnostic criteria.
Co-occurring depression is common in patients seeking treatment for anxiety; however, the literature on the effects of depression on anxiety treatment outcomes is inconclusive.
Despite high levels of depression among persons living with HIV (PLWHIV), little research has investigated the relationship of depression to work status and income in PLWHIV in sub-Saharan Africa, which was the focus of this analysis.
In the United States, many health care systems function independently from one another. Increasing coordination across systems has the potential to vastly improve services and patient outcomes, yet implementing these changes can be challenging, requiring increased communication, interaction, and coordination across systems that typically function independently.
Veterans being treated for depression were more likely to become employed, and remain employed when their depression status improved, highlighting the need to prevent socioeconomic deterioration among working-aged veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Group cognitive behavioral therapy was an effective treatment for major depression for clients in residential substance abuse treatment, thus extending the effectiveness of group CBT for major depression to a new setting, patient population, and type of provider.
The study examined the interaction between early maturational timing (measured by premature adrenarche [PA]) and executive functioning and cortisol reactivity on symptoms of psychopathology.
Mental illnesses are not only a growing public health concern but also a major social and economic issue affecting individuals and families throughout the world.
This study examined the prospective longitudinal relationship between changes in depressive symptoms on alcohol and or drug use among addiction participants in treatment, and whether group cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression (GCBT-D) moderated the relationship.
To meet the call for more "transportable" interventions, the authors conducted a pilot study to test a group cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression and substance use that was designed for delivery by outpatient substance abuse treatment counselors.
Findings from this small study should be replicated in larger studies to stimulate interventions that will improve the initial and ongoing treatment of older persons with cognitive impairment.
Among older white and Mexican origin male primary care patients, we examined preferences for features of depression care programs that would encourage depressed older men to enter and remain in treatment.
The study goal was to determine whether client attributes were associated with outcomes from group cognitive behavioral therapy for depression (GCBT-D) as delivered in community-based addiction treatment settings.
Efforts to maintain and/or increase OEF/OIF veteran participation in VA MH/SUD services should be informed by their characteristics, such as younger age and better physical health relative to other veterans.
There are several challenges to testing the effectiveness of group-therapy-based interventions in alcohol and other drug use treatment settings.
Studies the impact of mental disorders on failure in educational attainment in Mexico.
Collaborative care models for depression designed and implemented by VA primary care practices using evidence based quality improvement increased patients' use of antidepressants.
Lessons learned from this model of implementation may help address barriers to disseminating evidence-based interventions in other low-resource, disaster-impacted community settings.