More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems facing developing countries and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.
Many cash transfer programmes designate women and mothers as transfer recipients, on the assumption that doing so will lead to better outcomes. RAND Europe is undertaking a systematic review for the UK Department for International Development to assess whether transferring cash to women rather than men in low- and middle-income countries has a greater impact on household well-being.
RAND Senior Economist Keith Crane and RAND Senior Political Scientist Laurel Miller discuss developing a Haitian state-building strategy. They identify the main challenges to more capable governance and suggest ways the influx of aid money can be used for long-term improvements, as well as offer other insights from their latest report, Building a More Resilient Haitian State.
August 13, 2010 news release: Haiti's future prosperity and peace depend on its ability to build a more resilient state, one capable of providing public services like education and health care as well as responding effectively to natural disasters.
Haiti's future prosperity and peace depend on its ability to build a more resilient state, one capable of providing public services like education and health care as well as responding effectively to natural disasters.
Haiti's future prosperity and peace require building a more effective, resilient state. RAND researchers identified Haiti's main challenges and recommended a set of state-building priorities that are necessary, feasible, and sustainable.
Approaches to counterinsurgency from 30 recent resolved campaigns show that good counterinsurgency practices tend to "run in packs" and that historically, the balance of selected good and ineffective practices perfectly predicts the outcome of a conflict.
Presents a discussion of likely scenarios for Iraq's al-Anbar Province over the course of the next three years.
Narratives on the 30 most recent resolved insurgencies, covering the period 1978 to 2008, and data on 76 factors hypothesized to be related to the success of counterinsurgency forces supplement analyses of historical and contemporary insurgencies.
This study aimed to explore the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in undergraduate medical education in developing countries.
Esther Duflo—named by Foreign Policy magazine as one of the world's top 100 public intellectuals and by The Economist as one of the top 8 young economists in the world—conducts research on economic issues in developing countries.
This report examines the impact of intellectual property rights in developing countries, in the context of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the development of TRIPS-plus standards.
The increasing importance of the G-20 summits, which include developing heavyweights such as Brazil, Russia, China and India, is testimony to the growing role emerging states now play in managing the international economy. But integrating these newcomers into the global community is unlikely to be straightforward or simple writes Lowell Schwartz.
Despite the huge protests on the streets of Tehran, Iranian President Ahmadinejad has once again triumphed. A relative newcomer to Iranian politics, Ahmadinejad's re-election and subsequent crackdown on the demonstrators suggest that the Iranian political system is moving in a new and potentially dangerous direction, writes Alireza Nader.
This paper considers evidence for the effects of policies on gender gaps in education, distinguishing between policies that are ostensibly gender neutral and those that explicitly target girls. The demand for girls' schooling is often more responsive than boys' to gender neutral changes in school distance, price, and quality, patterns which can be explained in a human capital investment model through assumptions about girls' and boys' schooling costs and returns. Among policies that target girls' enrollments, price incentives to households or schools and the provision of female teachers appear to be effective. Other interventions hold promise but have not been the subject of rigorous evaluation, pointing to an important agenda for future research.
Describes prevalence of antiretroviral resistance in the developing world, focusing on treatment naive populations, resistance consequences of regimes to prevent mother-to-child transmission, and the relationship of medication adherence to resistance.
Examines the effectiveness of foreign aid to developing countries.
June 1, 2006 News Release: Advanced Countries Will Benefit Most from Progress in Technology, with Lesser Benefits to Other Nations.
April 12, 2006 News Release: RAND Study Recommends Extensive Mental Health Training for Health Providers in Conflict-Affected Countries
Mental health care for trauma-exposed populations in conflict-affected developing countries is often provided by PHPs.
Describes the circumstances of four countries whose reductions in child mortality exceeded what might be expected from their poor economic circumstances, and asks whether they followed common routes to improved health for children.