Developing Countries

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More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems of international development and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

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    Project

    RAPID Seeks to Enhance Wellbeing of People in Developing Countries

    Dec 23, 2011

    Understanding the factors influencing economic growth and development is crucial to enhancing the human welfare of a nation. Research and Policy in International Development (RAPID) is a research center committed to fulfilling this objective.

  • Children in Ecuador waiting in meal line

    Project

    Pardee Initiative Offers Bold Ideas for Global Human Progress

    Jan 27, 2014

    Launched in December 2013 with a generous grant from Frederick S. Pardee, the Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress is a new approach to chronic problems faced by the developing world, most notably food insecurity and challenges of urbanization.

Explore Developing Countries

  • New shoe and old shoe side by side.

    Commentary

    Trends in Inequality and the World's Eight Richest Men

    While Oxfam reports have done a good job of bringing attention to the problem of inequality, they may give the false impression that global inequality has been rising instead of falling. Global inequality has actually been on the decline while inequality within the developed world is increasing.

    Feb 10, 2017

  • A young man in drought conditions in Ethiopia

    Essay

    The Hot Spots of the World

    Scarcity of food, energy, and water endangers the lives of millions. So RAND created a tool with the potential to help make aid initiatives more effective.

    Oct 13, 2016

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    Project

    International Development Programme Takes Interdisciplinary Approach

    The challenge of international development requires thinking beyond traditional disciplinary boundaries, and RAND Europe excels in providing interdisciplinary expertise and policy-oriented perspectives. We address complex problems with tailored methodologies and appropriate and innovative perspectives.

    Oct 4, 2016

  • Project

    Strategic Review of 3ie, the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation

    RAND Europe examined the past performance of 3ie, considered the possible future trends that will determine the environment within which 3ie might be operating, and explored three scenarios for the future to understand potential future options for 3ie.

    Sep 11, 2016

  • Man counting Somali money

    Report

    Review of Six DFID-funded Growth Research Programmes: Main report

    The Department for International Development in the UK provided funding to organisations focused on economic growth research over the last years. This review compared six programmes over time, against each other, and against relevant benchmarks.

    Aug 23, 2016

  • Women walk near a poster displaying a government message against Ebola, at a maternity hospital in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, August 14, 2014

    Commentary

    The Economic Rationale for Investing in Family Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Proven benefits to reduced fertility — or to delayed start to childbearing and greater spacing between births — include lower maternal mortality, fewer unsafe abortions, reduced risks from early childbearing, and women's ability to engage in more income-generating opportunities.

    Aug 3, 2016

  • Women from the village of Okabi in Northern Uganda participate in a group research exercise investigating the value perception of rural electrification

    Commentary

    After Decades of Conflict, Learning to Reap the Benefits of Taxes in Northern Uganda

    A women's community organization is trying to get Ugandans to pay taxes while teaching them how to get the local government to spend tax money on improving public services. The post-conflict regions of northern Uganda need more health care, legal services, psychological support, and counseling.

    Mar 17, 2016

  • A mother and son in Nigeria

    Commentary

    A Promising Approach for Expanding Health Insurance to Nigeria's Informal Sector

    The Kwara Community Health Insurance program in Nigeria provides a remarkable proof of concept and template for addressing the challenge of providing risk protection for the poor in the developing world.

    Jan 22, 2016

  • A laborer lifts a basket of crushed bricks at a construction site in Dhaka, Bangladesh, May 22, 2014

    Commentary

    What to Do About Informal Employment in Developing Countries

    The staying power of informal employment in developing countries is a concern, because informal employees (e.g., day laborers) tend to receive lower wages, fewer benefits, and fewer legal protections. How can policymakers improve conditions for informal workers?

    Jan 22, 2016

  • Coleman Moshi, during a hike up to the first base camp of Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

    Commentary

    Africa Succeeds in Meeting Many Long-Term U.N. Development Goals

    Africa's great strides toward meeting the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals are a compelling reminder of the continent's potential to create a more prosperous and sustainable environment for its people.

    Dec 7, 2015

  • Journal Article

    Returns to Education in Developing Countries: Evidence from the Living Standards and Measurement Study Surveys

    This study uses 61 nationally representative household surveys from 25 developing countries between 1985 and 2012 to assess whether returns to education are systematically higher in developing countries.

    Nov 18, 2015

  • Content

    Industrial Productivity, Health Sector Performance, and Policy Synergies for Inclusive Growth

    The performance of health systems is a key determinant of the inclusiveness of economic growth. With Kenya and Tanzania as case studies, RAND Europe is exploring whether potential synergies between industrial development and health systems can contribute to faster and more inclusive growth.

    Oct 22, 2015

  • Laborers carry bricks at a brick factory on the outskirts of Agartala, India, January 7, 2015

    Commentary

    Attacking Poverty Through Employability Interventions

    The UN's goal to end poverty is a worthy undertaking but less clear to policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. An analysis of efforts in South Asia finds that investments in interventions that combine business training with financing could yield positive results.

    Oct 16, 2015

  • Mototransport (bicycle cars) in New Delhi, India

    Project

    Analysing the Future of Driving and Automobility in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and other Developing Countries

    By determining the non-economic factors that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop

    Project

    Mapping the Diversity of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    RAND Europe has been commissioned by the World Bank to conduct a stocktaking exercise to map the diversity of employment interventions in South Asia. In addition, RAND will conduct a scoping review of international evidence on the impact of interventions.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop

    Report

    Taking Stock of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    While the number has declined over recent decades, estimates of global poverty remain high. Employment is crucial to lift people out of poverty. A review of the most prominent employment interventions in South Asia could provide guidance for future efforts to increase employment.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Woman using a digital tablet with an elderly man

    Commentary

    Bridging the Global Age Gap

    The Trans-Pacific Partnership offers hope for balancing the world's rapidly aging with its jobless youth. As long-term care for the elderly becomes a pressing need in many developed countries, services such as monitoring and reminding people to take their medications could be provided remotely from countries with an abundance of younger workers.

    Oct 8, 2015

  • Citizens of Cochabamba sign cards as part of the Cartas de Mujeres Bolivia campaign

    Commentary

    In Latin America, Breaking the Cycle of Intimate-Partner Abuse One Handwritten Letter at a Time

    Latin America has one of the highest rates of intimate-partner violence in the world, but a series of high-profile cases, including the murder of a journalist by her policeman husband, have propelled intimate-partner violence to the fore of Bolivia's public agenda.

    Sep 30, 2015

  • HIV test at Pomerini in Tanzania

    Commentary

    New Partnerships for Improving Global Health Research

    Partnerships between public and private organizations have become a powerful mechanism for addressing longer-term and structural challenges faced by developing countries that have a high burden of poverty-related diseases.

    Sep 22, 2015

  • Young men collaborating in a workshop at the Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, October 23, 2014

    Report

    Improving Mongolia's Labor Market and Enhancing Opportunities for Youth

    Despite a recent slowdown, Mongolia has experienced dramatic economic growth in the 2000s. Youth labor-market success is important to Mongolia's economic future. Insights from the challenges young Mongolians face, as well as their achievements and aspirations, can help inform policy.

    Aug 24, 2015