Economic Development

Economic development includes a host of issues—including energy supply; technology; and access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing—that are fundamental to improving the economic status of communities and transforming impoverished nations. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to investigating opportunities for economic development, modeling future trends, and applying objective analysis to recommend policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

  • Small business in Indonesia

    Project

    Reforming Indonesia's Policies Towards Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

    This project aims to foster awareness and consensus within the Government of Indonesia (GoI) for key reforms toward a more comprehensive and coherent development strategy and policies for Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) at the national level.

    Jul 25, 2014

  • South African men create a sandbag building for EcoSteps

    Blog

    Could Alternatives Ease the Misery of South Africa's Housing Crisis?

    The government's plan to replace cardboard shacks with cement houses may not be the only route to easing South Africa's housing woes. Increasingly, academic researchers, non-governmental organizations, and private companies are demonstrating pragmatic, low-cost, alternatives.

    Jul 10, 2014

  • black doctor and microscope

    Content

    Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

    Jul 3, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Aid Under Fire: Development Projects and Civil Conflict

    We estimate the causal effect of a large development program on conflict in the Philippines through a regression discontinuity design that exploits an arbitrary poverty threshold used to assign eligibility for the program.

    Jun 1, 2014

  • Affordable housing in India

    Content

    Socio-Economic Effects of Affordable Housing on the Working Poor of India

    Providing affordable housing is a pressing policy issue for many emerging and developed economies. Understanding the socio-economic effects of affordable housing on the working poor of India would allow policymakers to better assess the effectiveness of investments in housing and improve current policy solutions.

    May 30, 2014

  • Report

    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Arabic-language version

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    May 23, 2014

  • Photo of South African shanty town

    Blog

    In South Africa, Hard Choices on Housing

    South Africans go to the polls today, marking 20 years since apartheid ended and the country's first democratic elections brought the African National Congress (ANC) to power. But while much has changed, many challenges remain, including the developing nation's dire need for housing.

    May 7, 2014

  • Mumbai city skyline

    Project

    South Asia Regional Trade and Investment Policy

    RAND identified and assessed the role of political economy and non-tariff factors that have impeded regional integration, and developed policy recommendations to promote regional integration in South Asia.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • RAND_shatz_howard_mongolian_labor_ministry_DSC07665

    Project

    Examining the Mongolian Labor Market

    RAND will provide support to the Mongolian Ministry of Labour to assess the current structure and functioning of the Mongolian labor market. Working closely with the Ministry's Institute for Labour Studies, RAND will examine trends in labor force indicators to identify key structural constraints, conduct a survey on a particular labor-related policy issue of interest, and develop policy recommendations to improve the functioning of the labor market.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • A man on a donkey-pulled cart transports an auto-rickshaw for repair in Lahore, Pakistan

    Project

    Pakistan Urban Sector Assessment

    RAND is examining the trends and implications of rapid urbanization in Pakistan. The analysis leads to recommendations for policies to enhance productivity and economic growth in urban areas.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • Report

    Designing a System for Collecting Policy-Relevant Data for the Kurdistan Region — Iraq

    Surveys the availability of reliable policy-relevant data in the Kurdistan Region -- Iraq, identifies the high-priority areas for which more data are required, and develops guidance for a system to collect and disseminate these data on an ongoing basis.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop

    Content

    Causes and Consequences of the "Missing Middle" of Manufacturing Firms in India

    Employment in India, as in many developing countries, is concentrated in very small and very large firms, with few mid-sized firms. RAND examined the employment size distribution of manufacturing firms in India, to better explain its causes, and to investigate the consequences for firm productivity.

    Apr 4, 2014

  • Power lines stretch across rural Turkey, where the World Bank has renewable energy and energy efficiency projects

    Blog

    Making Informed Investment Decisions in an Uncertain World

    Changing how we make development decisions requires a cultural shift as much as it requires an analytical shift. Methodological innovations like Robust Decision Making can help. By motivating and equipping analysts to manage uncertainty, they can shape how we think about, discuss, and make decisions.

    Feb 28, 2014

  • pie chart illustration over a world map

    Blog

    Happy 80th Birthday, 'GDP' — Is It Not Time to Retire?

    While there are merits to using GDP, it is clear that it fails to measure several important potential externalities to economic growth, such as environmental damage, poor working conditions, or violations of privacy rights.

    Feb 6, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Inclusive Innovation: An Architecture for Policy Development

    Inclusive innovation needs to be understood and developed in the context of a holistic conception of the innovation cycle, the distinction between process and product innovation and the roles played by the poor as both producers and consumer.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Report

    Links Between Air Quality and Economic Growth: Implications for Pittsburgh

    This report assesses what evidence exists for the ways in which local air quality could influence local economic growth and how those effects might be relevant to the Pittsburgh region.

    Dec 20, 2013

  • Knowledge City - Artist's Rendering

    Report

    The Role of Economic Development Zones in National Development Strategies: The Case of China

    Based on a systematic review of the historical data and policies for economic development zones in China, this dissertation creates a unique classification system for the development path of these zones and identified four distinct phases.

    Oct 18, 2013

  • Fotolia_54355933_Subscription_Monthly_XL

    Report

    RAND Middle East Research

    The RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP) brings together analytic excellence and regional expertise from across the RAND Corporation to address the most critical political, social, and economic challenges facing the Middle East today.

    Oct 16, 2013

  • Men travel in a boat across the Yangon river

    Blog

    U.S. Sanctions Against Myanmar Need to Go

    Washington now has to ask itself whether its goals can best be met with these restrictions in place or whether it is time to recognize the fundamental changes that are taking place in Myanmar and forge a new relationship with its leaders based on full government-to-government relations, writes Peter Chalk.

    Oct 2, 2013

  • prgs_bog_2013_077b

    Blog

    For Pardee RAND Graduate School, a $3.6 Million Gift

    Frederick S. Pardee, a former RAND researcher, contributed $3.6 million to support the Pardee RAND Graduate School and to create its Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress. His generous gift will seed projects that help those in developing countries.

    Sep 4, 2013