Education Legislation


The process of developing education-related laws differs from country to country, in some cases occurring at the national level, in other cases at the state or local level. RAND has a substantial body of research on policy-related topics such as school choice, teacher performance and accountability, and educational administration in the United States, United Kingdom, Qatar, and many other countries.

Explore Education Legislation

  • Children raise their hands in a classroom


    How School Choice Could Disadvantage Low-Income Students

    The flexibility to allow Title I-A funds to follow students across schools has a certain appeal. But it could have negative consequences for some of the poorest students.

    Sep 1, 2015

  • The U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, DC


    The 2015 Summer Reading List for Congress

    With Capitol Hill slowing for August recess, this list of must-read research and commentaries will help ensure that policymakers are ready to dive right back in this fall.

    Aug 5, 2015

  • A teacher solicits questions from a class of young students.

    Journal Article

    The Effect of Attending Full-Day Kindergarten on English Learner Students

    A significant and growing English learner (EL) population attends public schools in the United States.

    Jul 22, 2015

  • A soldier walks on a college campus


    Higher-Education Benefits for Post-9/11 Military Service Members and Veterans

    Many types of federal educational benefits are available to U.S. veterans. However, there are many ways Congress can ensure long-term viability of assistance, thus improving access to affordable higher education for the post-9/11 generation and their families.

    Mar 17, 2015

  • U.S. soldiers in line for the first-ever Kandahar Airfield college graduation ceremony, Afghanistan, May 23, 2012


    Improving Federal Educational Assistance Programs for U.S. Service Members

    Federal educational assistance programs offer U.S. military personnel many pathways to obtaining college degrees. But service members may require assistance navigating the disparate programs and sources of information available to them.

    Feb 23, 2015

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    Reauthorizing ESEA: Key Issues and Federal Oversight Are Up for Debate

    In this February 2015 Congressional Briefing, education experts at RAND discuss the limitations of current accountability policies and how a reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act could promote more effective policies.

    Feb 18, 2015

  • Elementary school students at their lockers


    Reauthorizing ESEA: What We Know and Where We Should Go with School Improvement

    Federal policy should ensure that school improvement is a priority, that schools adopt proven reforms that fit the school context, and that schools and their districts are held accountable when federal resources are used for school improvement.

    Feb 11, 2015

  • Mathematics teacher pointing to the blackboard and talking to his class


    Reauthorizing ESEA: Four Recommendations to Improve Teaching Effectiveness

    Policies aimed at boosting teaching effectiveness are a key component of a strong ESEA reauthorization. Addressing discrepancies in teacher quality helps teachers improve, retains effective teachers, and makes the teaching profession an attractive option for those contemplating careers.

    Feb 3, 2015

  • Teacher helping a high school student on a computer


    Recommendations for ESEA Reauthorization That Support Innovation

    As lawmakers consider the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, it is critical that in meeting their objectives they do not create unnecessary obstacles to the productive innovations being explored at schools, such as personalized learning.

    Jan 27, 2015

  • Students taking a test in a classroom


    Reauthorizing ESEA: Four Recommendations to Make Testing Work

    Will Congress be able to reauthorize ESEA in 2015? Success will depend on legislators clearing several hurdles, such as decisions regarding teacher quality, school improvement, and charter schools. And at the center of the debate remains the issue of federal requirements for testing.

    Jan 21, 2015

  • A male pupil studying at a desk in classroom

    Journal Article

    What to Make of Percent Plans, Automatic Admissions, and College Outcomes

    Attending a selective college is seen as a way for students to gain access to opportunities that are otherwise difficult to obtain. The Texas Top Ten Percent Plan is intended to increase this access, especially for students in underserved populations, but research shows that gaps still exist in selective college attendance and completion by race and socioeconomic status.

    Dec 8, 2014

  • A teacher talking to a student at his desk


    Flexibility Is Key in Administration's Call for Teacher Equity Plans

    Thirteen years of research have clarified that metrics like teacher experience and licensure reveal little about teachers' impact on student learning. The focus should be on disadvantaged students' access to effective teachers.

    Aug 22, 2014

  • A Marine with Marine All-Weather Fighter Attack Squadron 533 smiles at his daughter after returning from a deployment


    The Long-Term Benefits of the Post-9/11 GI Bill for Military and Veteran Families

    Almost 450,000 servicemembers have elected to transfer some portion of their GI Bill benefits, predominantly to their children. These numbers suggest the extent of the Bill's potential effects on social mobility and educational attainment for the next generation.

    May 14, 2014

  • Marines in Cherry Point Corporals Leadership Course


    Understanding the Cost and Quality of Military-Related Education Benefit Programs

    Issues such as rising tuition costs, an increasing numbers of for-profit institutions that target veterans, and a potentially confusing array of benefit options could mitigate the impact of financial aid benefits designed to help veterans attend college.

    Dec 24, 2013

  • man reading in a library


    Post-9/11 GI Bill: A Good Investment in Our Veterans Can Be Better

    To better tailor the benefits to the actual needs of veterans, it is important to determine how much the implementation has really improved, and if there are lessons that can be drawn to improve future initiatives. Of critical concern is whether veterans have the information they need to take the best advantage of their GI Bill benefits.

    Nov 8, 2013

  • college students having a lesson in a lecture hall


    Making Colleges More Affordable

    President Obama has released a plan to make colleges more affordable for the middle class. The plan calls for linking federal student aid to college performance, capping student loans at 10% of income, and incentivizing innovative instructional approaches to cut costs and improve quality.

    Aug 26, 2013

  • multiple choice standardized test answer sheet


    Are High-Stakes Tests Counterproductive?

    If we want testing to exert beneficial effects on teaching and learning, we need to advocate for higher-quality tests and for evaluation and accountability systems that use multiple measures and do not rely exclusively on test scores, write Laura Hamilton and Gabriella C. Gonzalez.

    Apr 22, 2013

  • Students in a classroom


    Taking Stock on the Anniversary of 'No Child Left Behind'

    While 'No Child Left Behind' aims to improve schools, Congress can improve the law. Flexibility and capacity are crucial, particularly for struggling schools, writes Brian Stecher.

    Jan 10, 2013

  • A teacher solicits questions from a class of young students.


    Five Ways to Improve 'No Child Left Behind'

    The bill's eleventh anniversary presents an opportunity to consider what the evidence tells us about how to make NCLB more effective.

    Jan 8, 2013

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    Conference Call on 11th Anniversary of 'No Child Left Behind' Act and Initiatives Undertaken by States

    RAND Education experts Darleen Opfer, Brian Stecher and Laura Hamilton conducted a media conference call on Friday, Jan. 4, 2012 to discuss the 11th anniversary of the signing of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2001, or "No Child Left Behind."

    Jan 4, 2013