Emergency Management

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Because natural and manmade disasters can occur at any time, individuals, communities, and governments must be prepared. RAND has developed guidelines for individual preparedness in response to terrorist attacks; evaluated, modeled, and enhanced preparedness policy options for government officials at all levels; and recommended actions that communities should take to prepare for bioterrorist attacks, pandemic flu outbreaks, and other large-scale emergencies.

  • two firemen responding to an emergency

    Commentary

    An Enduring Need for Better Measures of Emergency Preparedness

    Jun 25, 2014

    In an era of fiscal austerity, the need for measurement and assessment becomes manifold. Tied to good government goals and responsible stewardship of public funds, measurements are also necessary to educate the public about what it should—and should not—reasonably expect when disaster strikes.

  • holding hands in a circle

    Multimedia

    Building Resilient Communities: An Online Training

    Aug 13, 2013

    This easy-to-use, self-guided online training shows organizations and communities how to strengthen their resilience, helping them recover and learn from disaster—both natural and man-made.

Explore Emergency Preparedness

  • Journal Article

    Geographic Targeting, Message Content and Character Limitation Subgroup Report

    This Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council (CSRIC) report analyses geo-targeting, message content, and character limitations of the Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA).

    Feb 27, 2015

  • Dept. of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson and former DHS secretaries Michael Chertoff (R) and Tom Ridge (L) speak to reporters on the need for Congress to pass a full-year appropriations bill for the Homeland Security Department in February 2015

    Testimony

    Watchdog Recommendations to Improve Homeland Security

    The challenges facing the Department of Homeland Security are evolving and create the need for new preparedness and response capabilities. The case for change includes reform recommendations for five critical areas.

    Feb 26, 2015

  • Flood waters from Hurricane Isaac partially submerge homes in Lafitte, Louisiana neighborhoods in August 2012

    Commentary

    Future of Coastal Flooding

    President Obama's executive order that directs federal agencies to plan and build for higher flood levels as they construct new projects in flood-prone regions will affect hundreds of billions of dollars of future public works projects. In an ideal world, planners would estimate the benefits and costs for each project, taking into account everything from the details of the local landscape to the potential for adaptive responses over time.

    Feb 25, 2015

  • Government health workers administering blood tests for the Ebola virus in Kenema, Sierra Leone, June 2014

    Report

    Mitigating the Impact of Ebola in Potential Hot Zones

    The experiences of African countries that successfully contained Ebola early can be informative for government officials, international organizations, and aid agencies seeking to capture the underlying factors that affect countries' resilience to such outbreaks and can help them prepare for high-risk scenarios.

    Feb 23, 2015

  • A health worker demonstrates putting on protective gear in a Red Cross facility in Koidu, Sierra Leone, December 18, 2014

    Report

    Learning While Doing: Applying Lessons Learned During Public Health Emergencies

    Response efforts to the 2014 Ebola outbreak highlighted both strengths and weaknesses. Researchers have created a tool that may help inform and guide ongoing efforts in the midst of similar public health emergencies, rather than after the fact.

    Feb 13, 2015

  • Microscopic view of the Ebola virus

    Report

    Assessing Options for Public Health Emergency Planning and Response

    When public health emergencies arise, policymakers must assess and compare interventions to determine the best way forward. Using Ebola as an example, RAND developed a simple, practical, proof-of-concept tool that may fill gaps in a decisionmaker's ability to systematically assess options in a public health emergency.

    Feb 9, 2015

  • U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson speaks at Los Angeles International Airport in California, February 20, 2014

    Commentary

    Go Back to Basics to Reform Homeland Security

    The Goldwater-Nichols Act in 1986 made the broadest and most sweeping changes to the Pentagon since its establishment in 1947. With the Department of Homeland Security in a similar state just over a decade after its hurried creation, it's time for DHS to have a Goldwater-Nichols of its own.

    Jan 28, 2015

  • News Release

    Changes Recommended to City of Los Angeles' Firefighter Recruiting and Selection Process

    The city of Los Angeles should revise its hiring process for firefighters in ways that increase diversity among highly-competitive applicants, minimize processing demands on the city, and create greater transparency for applicants in minimum qualifications and selection criteria.

    Jan 22, 2015

  • Los Angeles firefighters standing in a flood

    Report

    Improving the Recruiting and Hiring of Los Angeles Firefighters

    The city of Los Angeles should revise its hiring process for firefighters in ways that increase diversity among highly-competitive applicants, minimize processing demands on the city, and create greater transparency for applicants in minimum qualifications and selection criteria.

    Jan 22, 2015

  • Addenbrooke's Hospital Accident & Emergency department entrance

    Project

    Using Emergency Department Data for Crime Prevention

    Data sharing among emergency departments and law enforcement is known to reduce crime. RAND Europe researchers are developing guidance for police practitioners in England and Wales on available hospital data and its potential uses, as well as on how to establish and maintain data-sharing partnerships with NHS partners.

    Dec 19, 2014

  • A bulldozer is parked in the Queens borough of New York where a concrete foundation is all that remains of a house that burned to the ground during Superstorm Sandy in October 2012

    Report

    Lessons Learned from Implementing Infrastructure Resilience Guidelines

    The Presidential Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force developed guidelines to ensure that federal agencies incorporate key principles of resilience into their formulation, evaluation, and prioritization of infrastructure investments related to Sandy rebuilding. An initial assessment of the implementation of the guidelines identifies opportunities and challenges.

    Dec 9, 2014

  • Judith Rodin at RAND's Politics Aside 2014

    Blog

    Investing in Resilient Cities

    It's time to change the paradigm from disaster response and recovery to building resilient communities, said Judith Rodin, president of The Rockefeller Foundation, at RAND's Politics Aside event. To build resiliency, officials need to take an integrated approach to planning.

    Nov 15, 2014

  • Participants practice a medical procedure on a dummy arm during training for the Ebola response team at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas, October 24, 2014

    Commentary

    Ebola Shows America Needs Better Disaster Preparedness

    Crafting an effective, whole-community strategy to respond to Ebola could stop the spread of the disease now and lay groundwork for responses to future outbreaks and other emergencies. In the long run, this could make public preparedness and resilience valuable assets for the U.S.

    Nov 7, 2014

  • A protestor demonstrates in favor of a travel ban to stop the spread of Ebola, in front of the White House, October 16, 2014

    Blog

    Your Questions on Ebola, Answered

    Melinda Moore, a RAND public health physician and senior researcher, hosted an “Ask Me Anything” session on Reddit to answer questions about Ebola, including whether a U.S. travel ban would help prevent the spread of the deadly disease.

    Oct 21, 2014

  • News Release

    Making It More Difficult to Sue Physicians for Malpractice May Not Reduce 'Defensive Medicine'

    Malpractice reform has been advocated by many experts as a key to reining in health care costs. Three states raised the standard for malpractice in the emergency room to gross negligence, but that did not translate into less-expensive care.

    Oct 15, 2014

  • U.S. Army soldiers, earmarked for the fight against Ebola, put on protective suits during training before their deployment to West Africa, October 9, 2014

    Commentary

    Declaring War on Ebola

    Operation United Assistance, which includes the deployment of 3,000 U.S. military personnel to West Africa to respond to the Ebola crisis, is a welcome recognition of the range of missions the military is increasingly able to tackle, particularly in disaster-management assistance.

    Oct 10, 2014

  • A burial team wearing protective clothing prepares to enter the home a person suspected of having died from Ebola in Freetown, Sierra Leone, September 28, 2014

    Commentary

    Ebola Outbreak: Putting the Public Back in Public Health

    Medical and public health systems are crucial to controlling the transmission of Ebola and treating patients. But the public's role in becoming aware and engaged, both in West Africa and the United States, cannot be overstated.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • Nurse talking to doctor about patient in busy waiting room

    Journal Article

    Making It More Difficult to Sue Physicians for Malpractice May Not Reduce 'Defensive Medicine'

    Malpractice reform has been advocated by many experts as a key to reining in health care costs. Three states raised the standard for malpractice in the emergency room to gross negligence, but that did not translate into less-expensive care.

    Oct 1, 2014

  • Report

    The Impact of Tort Reform, Medicare Plan Choice, and Geography on Health Care Processes, Outcomes, and Expenditures

    Explores structural determinants of health care processes, outcomes, and expenditures.

    Sep 30, 2014

  • Report

    Emergency Department Patient Experience of Care Survey: Development and Field Test

    RAND researchers designed and field tested an Emergency Department Patient Experience of Care Survey for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for use with adult patients who have visited the emergency department.

    Sep 30, 2014