Because natural and manmade disasters can occur at any time, individuals, communities, and governments must be prepared. RAND has developed guidelines for individual preparedness in response to terrorist attacks; evaluated, modeled, and enhanced preparedness policy options for government officials at all levels; and recommended actions that communities should take to prepare for bioterrorist attacks, pandemic flu outbreaks, and other large-scale emergencies.
Research conducted by:
RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment;
RAND Gulf States Policy Institute;
RAND National Security Research Division;
Homeland Security and Defense Center
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Individuals can take simple steps to protect themselves from the harmful effects of potential terrorist attacks involving chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological weapons.
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Treatment of nerve agent poisoning at present relies on two approaches. In the first, an oxime is given to detach the agent from cholinesterase, thus reactivating the enzyme. This mitigates both nicotinic and muscarinic effects, for those nerve agents against which oximes are effective. In the second, the muscarinic antagonist atropine is used to quell the effects of excessive acetylcholine action.
Disagreement between lay and expert judgments about what constitutes emergency care under the prudent layperson standard.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) teamed with the RAND Corporation to assess existing safety procedures and make recommendations to guide needed changes.
Key findings: --The level of bioterrorism preparedness across California's jurisdictions is uneven, ranging from excellent to poor. --There are wide variations in every aspect of preparedness strategy, development, and implementation. --The system su...
Identifies policies and organizational options at the local level that could save lives and reduce injuries from an act of chemical terrorism.
Published commentary by RAND staff.
This study offers a comprehensive analysis of the security implications of the spread of infectious diseases, including case studies of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and major public health challenges currently confronting the United States.
Examines the hazards that emergency responders face and the personal protective technology needed to contend with those hazards.
Physician and nurse staffing should be investigated as a means of reducing waiting times.
The new reality of biologic terrorism and warfare has ignited a debate about whether to reintroduce smallpox vaccination.
Explore, in a predominantly Latino inner-city population, why caregivers bring their children with asthma to the ED (emergency department).
Emergency department (ED) crowding has become a major barrier to receiving timely emergency care in the United States.
Develop, deploy, and evaluate an intervention designed to identify and mitigate conflict in decision making in the intensive care unit.
People coming to the end of life with fragile health do not do well with resuscitation.
Emergency responders face serious hazards in their jobs, placing them at high risk of occupational injury or death. Using various forms of personal protective technologies (PPTs) can mitigate that risk.
This research brief describes work documented in Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks (MR-1731-SF).
Given the continuing threat of terrorist activity in the United States, it is important for U.S. leaders to promote a national sense of psychological resilience.
This book is intended to help managers and decisiomakers understand the unique working and safety environment associated with terrorist incidents.
Investigates the rationale for government intervention in the market for terrorism insurance, focusing on the externalities associated with self-protection.