Emergency Responders

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Firefighters, police, and paramedics play a critical role in protecting people and property during fires, medical emergencies, terrorist acts, and natural disasters. RAND has examined the risks that emergency responders face—physical injury, traumatic stress, and hazardous exposures—and has offered guidelines to better protect them, beginning with an integrated approach to safety management that includes cooperation among local and state agencies, improved training, and careful planning.

Explore Emergency Responders

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    Beyond the Shadow of 9/11

    The absence of legal precedence or clear guidance from government virtually guarantees future legal wrangling about liability and damages following terrorism events. Consequently, while we may be better prepared to prevent attacks, we may be less prepared to recover.

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    Force of First Resort

    Lessons learned in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina could help prepare the nation for future catastrophic domestic emergencies.

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    Protecting Emergency Responders at Sites of Collapsed Buildings

    It is prudent for emergency response agencies in urban areas across the United States to make contingency plans for the hazards of multistory-building collapses, even though such events have been infrequent.

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    Give Emergency Workers Better Tools, Training, Organization

    By D. J. Peterson D. J. Peterson is a political scientist at RAND. In 2001, he and a team of RAND colleagues convened a conference of more than 100 emergency personnel who had responded to the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade ...

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    The Rising Priority of Local Public Health

    By Lois M. Davis and Janice C. Blanchard Lois Davis is a health policy researcher at RAND whose work focuses on public health and emergency preparedness issues. Janice Blanchard is a doctoral fellow at the RAND Graduate School and an assistant professor of emergency medicine at George Washington University ...