Employment and Unemployment

Featured

An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

  • People wait in line for the Nassau County Mega Job Fair at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, New York, October 7, 2014, photo by Shannon Stapleton/Reuters

    Content

    Focus on the American Worker

    Aug 22, 2016

    The American Worker blog series explores critical topics that affect America's workforce, including international trade, the minimum wage debate, changing demographics, and inequality in the labor market.

  • An Army depot machinist fabricates a piece of equipment, photo by Clester Burdell/U.S. Army

    Tool

    Essential Skills Veterans Gain During Professional Military Training

    Jan 6, 2016

    A concise reference card that identifies many of the skills that transitioning service members and veterans have learned in professional military training programs serves as a resource for leaders and hiring managers.

Explore Employment and Unemployment

  • An apprentice works on a drill in a factory

    Project

    Summer Career Pathways Evaluation

    Summer Career Pathways is a random control trial of a cross-sector job pipeline in New Orleans, which aims to open opportunities for lower-skilled, unemployed and underemployed people to find skilled jobs in advanced manufacturing and energy sectors.

    Sep 26, 2016

  • Mother holding her baby while working from home

    Commentary

    Is It Time to Extend Maternity Leave Across Europe?

    Any policy solution for extending maternity leave must strike a balance between protecting infant health through extended breastfeeding and mitigating any potentially negative impact on the mother's career progression or increased costs to business.

    Sep 13, 2016

  • Research Brief

    Supporting UK Service leavers and their families in the transition to civilian life

    RAND Europe was commissioned by the Forces in Mind Trust to conduct a systematic review to develop a better understanding of the evidence base around four themes associated with the transition into civilian life for UK Service leaver families.

    Sep 8, 2016

  • A Royal Navy sailor is reunited with his family after a long deployment with HMS Sutherland overseas

    Report

    Families Support to Transition: A Systematic Review of the Evidence

    RAND Europe was commissioned by the Forces in Mind Trust to conduct a systematic review to develop a better understanding of the evidence base around four themes associated with the transition into civilian life for UK Service leaver families.

    Sep 8, 2016

  • Report

    The Military Spouse Education and Career Opportunities Program: Recommendations for an Internal Monitoring System

    This report outlines a strategy for the U.S. Department of Defense Military Community and Family Policy office to track progress on initiatives that aim to provide career development and employment assistance for military spouses.

    Sep 7, 2016

  • A young man looking at a computer screen

    Commentary

    You're Never Too Young to Plan for Retirement

    Saving early for retirement is critical, but it's also important to stay on track during job changes. Younger workers tend to change jobs often, and if they cash out of their plans with each position, that can affect their long-term savings.

    Sep 2, 2016

  • Events @ RAND Audio Podcast

    Multimedia

    Workforce Development for the Jobs of the Future

    In this Events @ RAND podcast, our panel of experts discusses what California, the federal government, and employers are doing to nurture a workforce that is well prepared for the jobs of today and the future.

    Sep 1, 2016

  • Sergeant First Class Steven Davila listens to a spokesperson for the Department of Veteran Affairs at a job fair in New York City, March 28, 2012

    Commentary

    From the Battlefield to the Boardroom: Transferring Veterans' Skills to the Civilian Labor Market

    The number of returning veterans is expected to grow to 4.2 million over the next decade. This robust talent pool can be an asset to the civilian workforce. Investments in translating veterans' skills, certification and licensing, and comprehensive career counseling can improve this transition.

    Aug 26, 2016

  • A senior man working on a tablet

    Commentary

    Living Longer, Working Longer

    When people live longer, the costs of Social Security and Medicare increase and threaten the sustainability of these programs. Households also worry about how to finance more retirement years. But people are working longer, and if they continue to do so, they will reduce some of the problems.

    Aug 25, 2016

  • High school students taking a computer class

    Commentary

    Getting Technical: Preparing High School Students for the Workforce America Needs

    Fields such as computers, engineering, and health care are expected to grow. Employers and policymakers have a vested interest in ensuring that America's high schoolers are ready to meet future employment needs. Access to high-quality career and technical education programs is key.

    Aug 25, 2016

  • Workers working in a factory

    Commentary

    Back to Work: Middle-Skill Jobs in the STEM Economy

    The STEM economy will grow by 17 percent through 2018, with expected job vacancies totaling 2.4 million. Middle-skill STEM jobs that require associate's degrees or occupational certifications—such as computer support specialists, web developers, and engineering technicians—are in the highest demand.

    Aug 24, 2016

  • Job seekers wait to enter a job fair in downtown Denver, Colorado, March 13, 2014

    Commentary

    Labor Day Blog Series: American Worker

    To celebrate Labor Day, the American Worker series of commentaries offers research, reflections, and policy insights on a variety of topics that affect American workers.

    Aug 22, 2016

  • Veteran filling out job application

    Report

    More Research Would Inform Innovative Approaches to Veteran Employment

    While the aim of veteran employment programs is to help veterans transition to civilian jobs, their impact is unclear. RAND hosted two workshops to recommend improvements to veteran employment opportunities and identify research gaps.

    Aug 22, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Employer Accommodation and Labor Supply of Disabled Workers

    The authors examine the factors that influence employer accommodation of newly disabled workers and how effective such accommodations are in retaining workers and discouraging disability insurance applications.

    Aug 16, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Job Insecurity, Unemployment Insurance and On-The-Job Search: Evidence from Older American Workers

    The author analyzes how unemployment insurance (UI) affects on-the-job search among older workers in the United States, allowing for job insecurity.

    Aug 16, 2016

  • Depressed woman talking to her therapist

    Solution

    Improving Psychological Wellbeing and Work Outcomes in the UK

    Mental illness is increasing among the working-age population in the United Kingdom and is associated with high economic and social costs; it is one of the leading reasons that people claim sickness benefits.

    Jul 22, 2016

  • Demonstrators march in the Occupy LA protest through downtown Los Angeles to City Hall on October 15, 2011

    Commentary

    Fixing Inequality of Opportunity

    Research has fueled concerns about how income inequality drives inequality of opportunity. Commonsense approaches such as improvements in education and access to quality health care have been shown to provide young people with better opportunities.

    Jul 6, 2016

  • Young people waiting for a job interview

    Commentary

    Young Workers Without College Degrees Face Uncomfortable Truths

    Young Americans without a college education suffer from high unemployment, low earnings, and delayed adulthood with a limited ability to buy a home. To help them, policymakers need to remind themselves that workforce training and labor policy must focus on the technology-driven jobs of tomorrow.

    Jun 23, 2016

  • A military job fair in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida

    Report

    10 FAQs About Veterans' Transitions to Civilian Life

    The transition from military service to the civilian world can be challenging, especially for veterans with no prior civilian work experience and those with injuries or disabilities. A decade of research addressing these veterans' issues is summarized in ten questions and answers.

    May 23, 2016

  • Graduates wearing caps and gowns

    Commentary

    Making the 'Gap Year' More Inclusive and Purposeful

    High schools and universities should work together, with the support of policymakers, to develop programs that would provide a wider spectrum of U.S. students with the opportunity to take a purposeful gap year—and enter college with some real-world adult experience behind them.

    May 19, 2016

Research conducted by