Employment and Unemployment


An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

Explore Employment and Unemployment

  • Hundreds of veterans and 115 companies attend a military job fair in San Francisco, California, August 25, 2015


    The Changing Landscape of Veteran Employment Programs

    To understand trends in veteran employment, data must be collected on such factors as gender, race/ethnicity, military career field, and period and length of military service. In turn, this information will help policymakers tailor and adjust programs to target obvious gaps in career assistance efforts.

    Nov 10, 2015

  • Jerome Boone shakes hands with members of the audience after graduating from a computer coding program at San Quentin State Prison in California, April 20, 2015


    The Impact of Correctional Education

    Policymakers are considering how to reduce mass incarceration in the United States. Correctional education programs can help reduce recidivism and improve post-release employment outcomes. This saves taxpayers money.

    Nov 10, 2015

  • David Milan, a retired Lt. Colonel in the Army Reserves, waits to speak with a recruiter during a job fair in Naperville, Illinois, October 27, 2011


    Warriors in the Civilian Workforce: Helping Veterans Transition

    ​Americans who served during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq continue to face higher jobless rates than nonveterans. A growing body of RAND research has sought to identify what can help get more of them back on the job.

    Oct 28, 2015

  • Washington Tower, also known as the Pentagon City Tower, in the Pentagon City neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia


    RAND Named One of 50 Greatest Places to Work by Washingtonian

    Washingtonian's biannual feature honors organizations that are recognized — by their employees — for excellent pay and benefits, challenging and interesting work, work/life balance, opportunities to learn and grow, commitment to charity and community, and the recognition and respect given to staff.

    Oct 26, 2015

  • A boy makes pastry at a shop in Darkush town, Idlib countryside, Syria, May 26, 2013

    Journal Article

    The Private Sector and Youth Skills and Employment Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    This report examines the involvement of the private sector in youth skills and employment in low- and middle-income countries.

    Oct 22, 2015

  • Report

    RAND Review: November-December 2015

    This issue reports on efforts to help veterans transition into the civilian workforce; uptake of buprenorphine as a recovery drug for those addicted to heroin and prescription painkillers; ways to combat poppy cultivation in Afghanistan; and more.

    Oct 19, 2015

  • Laborers carry bricks at a brick factory on the outskirts of Agartala, India, January 7, 2015


    Attacking Poverty Through Employability Interventions

    The UN's goal to end poverty is a worthy undertaking but less clear to policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. An analysis of efforts in South Asia finds that investments in interventions that combine business training with financing could yield positive results.

    Oct 16, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop


    Mapping the Diversity of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    RAND Europe has been commissioned by the World Bank to conduct a stocktaking exercise to map the diversity of employment interventions in South Asia. In addition, RAND will conduct a scoping review of international evidence on the impact of interventions.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop


    Taking Stock of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    While the number has declined over recent decades, estimates of global poverty remain high. Employment is crucial to lift people out of poverty. A review of the most prominent employment interventions in South Asia could provide guidance for future efforts to increase employment.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Report

    Translating Veterans' Training into Civilian Job Skills

    Military forces are trained in both technical specialties and "soft" skills that are vital to success in the civilian sector. This infographic translates examples of soft skills taught in the military into essential civilian workforce competencies.

    Oct 12, 2015

  • Tool

    Essential Skills Veterans Gain During Professional Military Training: A Resource for Leaders and Hiring Managers

    Reference card that identifies many of the potential skills that transitioning service members and veterans have learned in formal, in-residence professional military training programs.

    Oct 12, 2015

  • An Airbus A321 being assembled at the new Airbus U.S. Manufacturing Facility in Mobile, Alabama, September 13, 2015


    The Prospective Impact of Airbus Industries on Mobile

    Austal USA's operations in Mobile, Alabama have benefited the broader region. Similarly, Airbus's hiring should have a net favorable impact on the region's economy, since the area does not appear to be at or near full employment.

    Oct 10, 2015

  • 20151001-veterans-hiring


    Lessons from the 100,000 Jobs Mission

    Using Zwick Impact Funds, RAND convened a workshop connecting leaders in the Department of Defense and the Department of Labor with leaders in industry to address the challenges that remain surrounding veteran employment.

    Oct 1, 2015

  • Report

    Hello, Goodbye: Three Perspectives on Public School District Staff Turnover

    Three essays each of which explores a different perspective on public school district staff turnover.

    Sep 14, 2015

  • Businesswoman working late in an office


    One in Five Hourly Employees Working Overtime Not Properly Compensated

    Most laws as old as the Fair Labor Standards Act regularly need tuning up. But its overtime provisions are complicated because some workers are exempt from being covered. A survey of more than 1,500 employed adults finds that employers are violating the rules.

    Sep 4, 2015

  • Offenders read books and write papers at a library in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice men's prison in Rosharon, Texas


    Correctional Education Policy Impact

    The impact of RAND's research into correctional education at a state, federal and international level.

    Sep 1, 2015

  • Workers prepare to change drilling pipes on the rotary table of a natural gas rig near Towanda, Pennsylvania, February 3, 2010

    Research Brief

    Aligning Education and Training to Meet Energy Workforce Needs

    Energy-sector employers in West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania report having difficulty filling semiskilled jobs. And the sector's technology is changing quickly. How can the region's leaders improve the workforce-development pipeline?

    Aug 31, 2015

  • Pipeline construction


    Energy-Sector Workforce Development in West Virginia

    The production of natural gas and gas liquids from shale in West Virginia has increased demand for workers. Ten action items can help the Community and Technical College System of West Virginia and other stakeholders support a well-aligned and coherent workforce-development pipeline.

    Aug 31, 2015

  • Working welder


    Energy-Sector Workforce Development in Southwestern Pennsylvania

    Technological innovations in the energy sector have increased demand for semiskilled labor in southwestern Pennsylvania. How can postsecondary educational and training programs adapt to the evolving skills demand?

    Aug 31, 2015

  • Tourists walk past the entrance to the Hurricane Katrina Memorial, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 23, 2015


    Hurricane Katrina: 10 Years After the Storm

    This weekend marks 10 years since Hurricane Katrina ravaged the Gulf Coast. As the region struggled to cope and rebuild after the storm, RAND experts worked on solutions to the region's long-term challenges.

    Aug 27, 2015

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