Employment and Unemployment

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An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.

Explore Employment and Unemployment

  • spotlight-2015-cover

    Brochure

    Spotlight on 2015

    RAND Europe's annual review, Spotlight on 2015, illustrates how our work helps to improve people's lives through policymaking based on objective research and rigorous analysis.

    Jan 26, 2016

  • French President Francois Hollande, British Prime Minister David Cameron, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel talking at an EU leaders summit in Brussels, December 17, 2015

    Commentary

    Why Access to In-Work Benefits Is a Hard Nut to Crack in the UK's EU Negotiations

    Likely opposition from EU member states and a lack of evidence over EU migrants coming to the UK to access benefits could put Prime Minister Cameron in a difficult negotiating position in seeking to change the rules on welfare benefits.

    Jan 25, 2016

  • A laborer lifts a basket of crushed bricks at a construction site in Dhaka, Bangladesh, May 22, 2014

    Commentary

    What to Do About Informal Employment in Developing Countries

    The staying power of informal employment in developing countries is a concern, because informal employees (e.g., day laborers) tend to receive lower wages, fewer benefits, and fewer legal protections. How can policymakers improve conditions for informal workers?

    Jan 22, 2016

  • An Army depot machinist fabricates a piece of equipment

    Tool

    Essential Skills Veterans Gain During Professional Military Training: A Resource for Leaders and Hiring Managers

    Reference card that identifies many of the potential skills that transitioning service members and veterans have learned in formal, in-residence professional military training programs.

    Jan 6, 2016

  • Report

    Evaluation of the Military Spouse Employment Partnership: Progress Report on First Stage of Analysis

    This first of two reports documents the first phase of RAND research to assess the Military Spouse Employment Partnership's progress in supporting military spouse employment and closing the wage gap between military and civilian spouses.

    Dec 28, 2015

  • Morning commuters arrive and depart from Paddington Railway Station in London

    Commentary

    What Are the Facts About EU Migration to the UK?

    Discussions about European migration taking place during the EU Summit this week could benefit from the facts: that the actual number of EU migrants in the UK is considerably smaller than popular perception, and those that are in the UK have higher employment levels than UK nationals.

    Dec 18, 2015

  • A young man in a hard hat on a worksite

    Project

    ShaleNET: Preparing Local Talent for Jobs in the Emerging Energy Sector

    RAND is conducting a multi-method study of the ShaleNET Program, a partnership between energy employers and colleges in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas and West-Virginia. The program provides sub-baccalaureate training programs for semi-skilled STEM jobs in the energy sector.

    Dec 7, 2015

  • Brochure

    Addressing demand and supply side of the social enterprise finance market

    The document presents 21 projects that aim to develop social finance markets in 15 EU countries. The study developed by RAND Europe and Ecorys for the European Commission supports the exchange of experiences and mutual learning between the projects.

    Dec 3, 2015

  • Hundreds of veterans and 115 companies attend a military job fair in San Francisco, California, August 25, 2015

    Commentary

    The Changing Landscape of Veteran Employment Programs

    To understand trends in veteran employment, data must be collected on such factors as gender, race/ethnicity, military career field, and period and length of military service. In turn, this information will help policymakers tailor and adjust programs to target obvious gaps in career assistance efforts.

    Nov 10, 2015

  • Jerome Boone shakes hands with members of the audience after graduating from a computer coding program at San Quentin State Prison in California, April 20, 2015

    Content

    The Impact of Correctional Education

    Policymakers are considering how to reduce mass incarceration in the United States. Correctional education programs can help reduce recidivism and improve post-release employment outcomes. This saves taxpayers money.

    Nov 10, 2015

  • David Milan, a retired Lt. Colonel in the Army Reserves, waits to speak with a recruiter during a job fair in Naperville, Illinois, October 27, 2011

    Essay

    Warriors in the Civilian Workforce: Helping Veterans Transition

    ​Americans who served during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq continue to face higher jobless rates than nonveterans. A growing body of RAND research has sought to identify what can help get more of them back on the job.

    Oct 28, 2015

  • Washington Tower, also known as the Pentagon City Tower, in the Pentagon City neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia

    Announcement

    RAND Named One of 50 Greatest Places to Work by Washingtonian

    Washingtonian's biannual feature honors organizations that are recognized — by their employees — for excellent pay and benefits, challenging and interesting work, work/life balance, opportunities to learn and grow, commitment to charity and community, and the recognition and respect given to staff.

    Oct 26, 2015

  • A boy makes pastry at a shop in Darkush town, Idlib countryside, Syria, May 26, 2013

    Journal Article

    The Private Sector and Youth Skills and Employment Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    This report examines the involvement of the private sector in youth skills and employment in low- and middle-income countries.

    Oct 22, 2015

  • Periodical

    RAND Review: November-December 2015

    This issue reports on efforts to help veterans transition into the civilian workforce; uptake of buprenorphine as a recovery drug for those addicted to heroin and prescription painkillers; ways to combat poppy cultivation in Afghanistan; and more.

    Oct 19, 2015

  • Laborers carry bricks at a brick factory on the outskirts of Agartala, India, January 7, 2015

    Commentary

    Attacking Poverty Through Employability Interventions

    The UN's goal to end poverty is a worthy undertaking but less clear to policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. An analysis of efforts in South Asia finds that investments in interventions that combine business training with financing could yield positive results.

    Oct 16, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop

    Project

    Mapping the Diversity of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    RAND Europe has been commissioned by the World Bank to conduct a stocktaking exercise to map the diversity of employment interventions in South Asia. In addition, RAND will conduct a scoping review of international evidence on the impact of interventions.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop

    Report

    Taking Stock of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    While the number has declined over recent decades, estimates of global poverty remain high. Employment is crucial to lift people out of poverty. A review of the most prominent employment interventions in South Asia could provide guidance for future efforts to increase employment.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Infographic

    Translating Veterans' Training into Civilian Job Skills

    Military forces are trained in both technical specialties and "soft" skills that are vital to success in the civilian sector. This infographic translates examples of soft skills taught in the military into essential civilian workforce competencies.

    Oct 12, 2015

  • An Airbus A321 being assembled at the new Airbus U.S. Manufacturing Facility in Mobile, Alabama, September 13, 2015

    Commentary

    The Prospective Impact of Airbus Industries on Mobile

    Austal USA's operations in Mobile, Alabama have benefited the broader region. Similarly, Airbus's hiring should have a net favorable impact on the region's economy, since the area does not appear to be at or near full employment.

    Oct 10, 2015

  • 20151001-veterans-hiring

    Multimedia

    Lessons from the 100,000 Jobs Mission

    Using Zwick Impact Funds, RAND convened a workshop connecting leaders in the Department of Defense and the Department of Labor with leaders in industry to address the challenges that remain surrounding veteran employment.

    Oct 1, 2015

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