Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a video conference with Arctic oil drilling platform West Alpha in Sochi, August 9, 2014

    Commentary

    Will the Arctic Remain a Warm Spot in Chilly U.S.-Russia Relations?

    The United States should continue with its policy of engagement with Russia within Arctic institutions. This is the only way to keep building on a track record of successful agreements that make the Arctic safer for all.

    Apr 28, 2016

  • A lab microscope

    Commentary

    Public Funding of Medical Research Pays for Itself

    Public and charity spending on medical research in the UK stimulates the private sector to spend more on R&D, not less. Each pound of public funding leads to an additional 99 pence investment from the private sector.

    Apr 27, 2016

  • Young mother working with her baby

    Commentary

    What Is Being Done in Europe to Get Mothers Back to Work?

    Helping mothers get back to work has many benefits. It supports women's economic independence, helps reduce the gender pay gap, and boosts the economy. Perhaps most importantly, it could keep more children out of poverty.

    Apr 26, 2016

  • Two UK police in high-visibility jackets at an outdoor event

    Commentary

    Police and Crime Commissioners: Why Should We Care?

    Police and crime commissioners (PCCs) are elected officials in the UK who oversee local policing and crime. Although they have significant, growing powers that affect everyone, public awareness about PCCs is low.

    Apr 21, 2016

  • A Syrian refugee teacher distributes books to her refugee students in the Karapurcek district of Ankara, Turkey

    Commentary

    Solutions for Educating Young Syrian Refugees

    Traditional refugee responses rely mainly on U.N. agencies and NGOs to implement programs. But other untapped resources — such as social media and technology companies, other private sector actors, and the refugees themselves — also have the capacity to deliver needed solutions to social problems such as education.

    Apr 21, 2016

  • Russian paratroopers wait to board a helicopter during a military exercise outside the southern city of Stavropol, Russia, October 27, 2015

    Commentary

    Outnumbered, Outranged, and Outgunned: How Russia Defeats NATO

    Today NATO is outnumbered, outranged, and outgunned by Russia in Europe and beset by a number of compounding factors that make the situation worse. But it is possible to begin restoring a more robust deterrent posture and to do so at a price tag that appears affordable.

    Apr 21, 2016

  • Commercial Book

    The Fires of Spring: A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through the Turbulent New Middle East

    This book is a narrative of the author‘s journey through six countries of the Middle East, describing countries, historical perspective, and interviews with revolution and government figures.

    Apr 19, 2016

  • The sun sets over Suleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey

    Announcement

    The Middle East After the Arab Spring

    A new book by RAND's Shelly Culbertson mixes travel memoir, reporting, and analysis across six Middle Eastern countries, presenting diverse experiences of the Arab Spring.

    Apr 19, 2016

  • Russia's and NATO's Defence Ministers at a NATO-Russia defence ministers council at the Alliance headquarters in Brussels, October 23, 2013

    Commentary

    A Risky Move in Brussels

    In the last two years, NATO's relations with Russia have collapsed to their post-Cold War nadir. The decision to convene a meeting of the NATO-Russia Council in Brussels on April 20 has been met with an unusual amount of controversy and could prove to be a mistake.

    Apr 19, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Pilot Projects Under the Call for Proposals 'Supporting the Demand and Supply Side of the Market for Social Enterprise Finance': Final Report

    The objective of the call was to identify, develop, promote and disseminate the good practice of national, regional or local governments and of financial intermediaries in assisting young social entrepreneurs at times of high youth unemployment.

    Apr 18, 2016

  • The NATO flag flies on a sunny day

    Commentary

    NATO's Southern Exposure: The Real Threats to Europe—and the Alliance

    If NATO fails to define a strategy for its southern challenges (terrorism and the ongoing influx of migrants), it could slip into strategic irrelevance.

    Apr 18, 2016

  • Group of people discussing research funding

    Commentary

    Why Research Funders Looking for Impact Need to Be 'DECISIVE'

    Funding decisions in the UK direct the flow of billions of pounds of public and philanthropic funding but there is little evidence to suggest how to allocate grants to researchers to increase the chances that the work they support changes lives and improves society. New research helps inform funders' strategies.

    Apr 14, 2016

  • Illustration of medical technology innovation concept

    Commentary

    How to Galvanise the NHS to Adopt Innovation

    Two achievable and workable high-level approaches can help innovation take place within the National Health Service. These focus on mobilising people, and systems within the health service.

    Apr 12, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Quantifying the Economic Impact of Government and Charity Funding of Medical Research on Private Research and Development Funding in the United Kingdom

    This study estimates the magnitude of the effect of government and charity biomedical and health research expenditure in the United Kingdom (UK), separately and in total, on subsequent private pharmaceutical sector R&D expenditure in the UK.

    Apr 11, 2016

  • UCH Macmillan Cancer Centre

    Project

    Evaluating the UCLH-Macmillan Cancer Support Partnership

    Through CCHSR, RAND Europe helped to evaluate the University College Hospital Macmillan Cancer Centre's patient and carer support programme and offered recommendations for its continued improvement.

    Apr 4, 2016

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin and Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in a meeting dealing with the commissioning of military products at the National Defense Control Center in Moscow, March 11, 2016

    Commentary

    How Russia Undermines Nuclear Security

    Russian aggression in Ukraine and nuclear saber rattling are jeopardizing the very global nonproliferation efforts that this week's Nuclear Security Summit in Washington seeks to further. Moscow's actions deserve a stronger response than they have received.

    Apr 1, 2016

  • News Release

    New Research Finds Counter-Terrorism TACTICS for European Cities

    Counter-terrorism technologies and diverse partnerships are essential when dealing with terrorist threats in cities. The TACTICS project team has developed a technology-ready concept that could support counter-terrorism operations across Europe.

    Mar 31, 2016

  • Tourists leave from the Enfidha international airport in Sousse, Tunisia, June 27, 2015, after being evacuated following a terrorist attack on the beach

    Report

    Is Terrorism More Likely After a Major Attack?

    An examination of the historical record of terrorism in the United States and Europe between 1970 and the end of 2013 finds an absence of clustering for terrorist events around trigger events since 1994, no increases in terrorism on significant dates, and a decline of terrorism in the West since the 1970s.

    Mar 31, 2016

  • A Royal Navy sailor is reunited with his family after a long deployment with HMS Sutherland overseas

    Project

    Supporting the Forces in Mind Trust

    RAND Europe was commissioned to conduct a systematic literature review on UK military transitions to civilian life in order to help FiMT better understand the existing evidence base concerning the engagement of families; family breakdown; family housing and support needs; and spousal employment

    Mar 30, 2016

  • Tip box

    Project

    Investigating the Effects of the UK’s National Minimum Wage

    The Low Pay Commission asked RAND Europe to combine the findings of a large number of empirical studies and fill existing gaps in the evidence base on the national minimum wage (NMW). The project team will specifically consider the effects of the NMW on different labour market sub-groups.

    Mar 30, 2016