Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Report

    Ramifications of DARPA's Programming Computation on Encrypted Data Program

    RAND was asked to evaluate whether the Programming Computation on Encrypted Data program -- which expands the knowledge base of the global cryptographic community -- is likely to provide more benefits to the United States than it does to its global rivals.

    Aug 25, 2014

  • People walk along the street soon after, what locals say, was recent shelling by Ukrainian forces, in Donetsk on August 20, 2014

    Blog

    Make Russia an Offer on Ukraine It Can't Refuse

    An international initiative that does not appear to emanate from NATO or the EU could help bring Russia to the table, in part by accepting that Moscow, too, has a role. An international peacekeeping force could open the way for a negotiated end to the conflict.

    Aug 20, 2014

  • recreational swimming in a Bristol, UK, lake

    Content

    Identifying Health Risks Associated with Recreational Bathing Waters

    The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs is considering a revision to its safety classifications for recreational waters, such as lakes, ponds, and beaches. RAND Europe and partners are identifying the health risks associated with varying degrees of pollution in different bodies of water.

    Aug 19, 2014

  • NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen during an interview with Reuters at the Alliance headquarters in Brussels, August 11, 2014

    Blog

    NATO's Crucial Summit

    President Obama can take action now to ensure the September NATO summit in Wales underscores transatlantic resolve and capability in the face of Russian aggression and provide the strong, decisive U.S. leadership NATO needs in this time of crisis.

    Aug 15, 2014

  • A woman walks out of the office of the Moscow Exchange in Moscow, August 1, 2014

    Blog

    Step It Up, Europe

    Despite the latest sanctions on Russia, the European Union will need to do more to achieve its objectives in Ukraine. In addition to much tougher economic sanctions, NATO could help Ukrainians by providing military assistance, weapons, training, and intelligence, and deploying air and naval forces closer to the conflict.

    Aug 6, 2014

  • Medical workers pushing a patient on a stretcher through a hospital hallway

    Report

    The Changing Hospital Landscape

    In many countries, the nature of hospital activity is changing. Different forms of hospital cooperation, such as hospital groups, networks, or systems, may have different impacts on hospital performance. Consolidation may lead to quality improvements, but there are also risks.

    Aug 5, 2014

  • French Army General Bernard Barrera (L) speaks with a soldier during a patrol in northern Mali, March 23, 2013

    Blog

    France Gets Tougher on Terrorism

    The launch of Barkhane, a new military operation by France, signals a change. Rather than simply reacting to an emergency as it did in Mali, France is committing to a long-term counterterrorism campaign, a much greater and more public commitment. This is welcome news for the U.S.

    Jul 29, 2014

  • A convoy of hearses bearing the remains of the victims of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 leaves Eindhoven airport in the Netherlands, July 24, 2014

    Blog

    A Missile's Deadly Message

    Putin's stubbornness on Ukraine has attracted international scorn, threatened Russia's already shaky economy, and focused NATO on countering potential Russian aggression. It's also sparked anti-Russian and pro-NATO sentiments in Central and Eastern Europe. The tragic loss of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 only intensifies these sentiments.

    Jul 25, 2014

  • bhc-2014-logo2

    Project

    Providing Support to the 'Britain's Healthiest Company' Competition

    PruHealth has commissioned RAND Europe, in partnership with the University of Cambridge, to provide research support Britain’s Healthiest Company (BHC), a competition that rewards companies that have the healthiest employees and work environment. RAND Europe will design and run the surveys, analyse results, and provide customised reports to participating companies.

    Jul 21, 2014

  • Wreckage from a Malaysian Airlines Boeing 777 plane that was downed in the Donetsk region of Ukraine, July 18, 2014

    Blog

    Like Flight 370, the MH17 Crash in Ukraine Could Remain a Mystery

    Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 was reportedly shot down yesterday near the Russia-Ukraine border. But like Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which vanished in March, what happened to MH17 is shrouded in mystery.

    Jul 18, 2014

  • A pro-Russian separatist at the crash site of a Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 in Ukraine's Donetsk region, July 17, 2014

    Blog

    3 Weapons That Threaten Commercial Planes

    It's relatively rare that commercial aircraft are targeted with weapons built primarily to attack military aircraft, but there are a range of potential threats from such weapons. Given that Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was reportedly at 33,000 feet when contact was lost, it seems impossible that the attack could have occurred using a shoulder-fired missile.

    Jul 18, 2014

  • Report

    Phase 2 report from the payment by results Social Impact Bond pilot at HMP Peterborough

    This report is the second from the evaluation of the Social Impact Bond pilot at Peterborough prison. Based on stakeholder interviews it looks at the operation of the pilot over the last four years.

    Jul 18, 2014

  • Yool Kim and other witnesses at the July 16, 2014 joint hearing of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Strategic Forces and Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee

    Blog

    Should the U.S. Rely on Russian Rocket Engines?

    One of the two launch vehicles that lift U.S. satellites into orbit depends on a rocket engine made by a company located in Russia. Russia's recent clashes with Ukraine and its claims on the Crimean peninsula have caused friction with the United States and thereby raised questions among U.S. policymakers about the potential for an interruption in the supply of the engines.

    Jul 16, 2014

  • U.S. President Barack Obama announcing an agreement with Iran on its nuclear program, November 23, 2013

    Blog

    How the United States Can Use Its Non-Military Power

    Because the United States has relied so heavily on force, we tend to equate it with power. Some results can only be achieved through force, but coercion can be an effective substitute. A superpower, by definition, has many options to have its way without always needing to send troops into battle—a smart superpower will use those options.

    Jul 10, 2014

  • News Release

    RAND Statement on Phony Ukraine Memo

    Some media outlets have circulated a memo purportedly prepared by the RAND Corporation regarding military operations in eastern Ukraine. RAND has produced no such document.

    Jul 7, 2014

  • CP783

    Report

    RAND Europe …on a page

    RAND Europe ...on a page highlights four qualities that sum up RAND Europe in terms of its research and as an organisation.

    Jul 2, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Attitudes to Vaccination: A Critical Review

    This paper provides a consolidated overview of public and healthcare professionals' attitudes towards vaccination in Europe by bringing together for the first time evidence across various vaccines, countries and populations.

    Jul 1, 2014

  • View of Moscow Kremlin and Moscow River

    Blog

    Jeremy R. Azrael Scholarship Supports Students from Former Soviet States

    Jeremy Azrael was an expert on the Russian economy who devoted his career to promoting better understanding between the U.S. and the former Soviet Union. A scholarship in his name supports a first-year Pardee RAND Graduate School student from a former Soviet state.

    Jun 19, 2014

  • Cancer cells in petri dishes

    Project

    Estimating the Economic Returns on Cancer Research in the UK

    The UK government invests approximately £1.6 billion in medical research each year, and the British public donated £1.7 billion to medical research charities in 2012–13. This funding delivers health gains for patients and also benefits the UK economy at a 40 percent return annually.

    Jun 16, 2014

  • Report

    Investigating time lags and attribution in the translation of cancer research: A case study approach

    RAND Europe and HERG were asked by UK medical research funders to investigate returns to public/charitable investment in cancer research. This report details the five case studies conducted as part of this work and observations emerging across them.

    Jun 15, 2014