Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Paratroopers parachute into the opening ceremony of Exercise Noble Partner in Vaziani, Georgia, May 10, 2015

    Commentary

    Georgia's Delicate Foreign Policy Dance

    Given the dangerous environment and the small size and relative military weakness of Georgia, it wisely pursues a good neighbor policy in all directions. Still, the country must improve its defense posture and for Georgia, the main security balancer is the United States.

    May 25, 2016

  • Senior woman and caregiver

    Project

    Developing a Plan to Evaluate the Integrated Personal Commissioning Programme

    To help NHS England improve its new Integrated Personal Commissioning programme, RAND Europe is defining a plan for the programme's evaluation and working with the nine demonstrator sites to ensure the needed data are collected.

    May 24, 2016

  • Brexit referendum concept with stethoscope

    Commentary

    Brexit and Health Research: An Uncertain Picture

    The impact of leaving the EU on UK health research would depend greatly upon the terms and conditions of such a major change. But by exploring different scenarios, each with its own set of political and economic assumptions, we can get a picture of the potential impacts.

    May 23, 2016

  • A boy takes pictures at Narita International airport in Narita, Japan, March 25, 2016

    Commentary

    Terrorism Shouldn't Affect Travel Plans

    Evidence suggests that the threat of terrorism need not affect individuals' behavior and travel decisions, not even in the wake of attacks such as those in Brussels and Paris.

    May 21, 2016

  • Medical healthcare test using a centrifuge

    Commentary

    NIHR's Impacts on the Health Research Landscape

    The National Institute for Health Research is now ten years old. What benefits has it had on the health research landscape in the UK since its formation?

    May 19, 2016

  • A world map shaped with pharmaceutical drugs

    Commentary

    The O'Neill Review: A Critical Step in Taking Global Action Against AMR

    The O'Neill Review aims to increase global knowledge of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and generate international consensus about the nature of the problem and the necessary steps to tackle it. A RAND Europe analysis of the potential economic costs of AMR contributed to the Review.

    May 19, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Strategies for a Risky Business: How Drug Dealers Manage Customers, Suppliers and Competitors in Italy, Slovenia and Germany

    A growing body of literature aims to improve understanding of the operations of drug trafficking markets through conducting interviews with dealers and traffickers.

    May 19, 2016

  • Police constables wearing body-worn video (BWV) cameras, before a trial by the Metropolitan police, at Kentish Town in London, May 6, 2014

    News Release

    Body Cameras Associated with Increased Assaults Against Police

    Rates of assault against police officers are 15 percent higher when they wear cameras, possibly because they feel more confident about reporting assaults once they are captured on camera. The camera also may make officers less assertive and more vulnerable to assault.

    May 17, 2016

  • Student solders and adjusts electronic device

    Commentary

    European Universities Are Pessimistic About Their Room to Innovate

    Higher education is changing worldwide and European institutions recognise the need to keep up. But are traditional European universities innovating enough to remain competitive?

    May 12, 2016

  • Girl with balloons, walking on beach

    Project

    Are Better Health Outcomes Related to Social Expenditure?

    Research shows that, across OECD countries, higher levels of social spending are strongly associated with better health, and the association is particularly strong for public social spending. Additionally, the association between social spending and better health strengthens over time.

    May 11, 2016

  • Senior woman and man talking to doctor with clipboard

    Project

    Evaluating the Q Initiative for UK Healthcare Quality Improvement

    To inform the direction and strategy of the Q initiative, RAND Europe is evaluating Q and providing real-time feedback throughout its first year. The evaluation is focused on identifying problems and practical solutions.

    May 10, 2016

  • Report

    An evaluation of the first phase of Q: Engaging the founding cohort in a co-designed approach to health care improvement

    Q is an initiative, led by the Health Foundation and supported by NHS England, designed to connect people skilled in quality improvement across the UK. We carried out an embedded evaluation of its first phase, co-design with the founding cohort.

    May 9, 2016

  • Icebreaker Yamal during removal of manned drifting station North Pole-36, August 2009

    Commentary

    Friends If We Must: Russia and China in the Arctic

    Russia's rebalancing toward China is particularly important in the Arctic, a region in which Russia has great ambitions, but also struggles with major vulnerabilities. Russia needs China as an investor, as a technological partner, and as a key consumer of energy to support its flagging, energy-dependent economy.

    May 6, 2016

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a video conference with Arctic oil drilling platform West Alpha in Sochi, August 9, 2014

    Commentary

    Will the Arctic Remain a Warm Spot in Chilly U.S.-Russia Relations?

    The United States should continue with its policy of engagement with Russia within Arctic institutions. This is the only way to keep building on a track record of successful agreements that make the Arctic safer for all.

    Apr 28, 2016

  • A lab microscope

    Commentary

    Public Funding of Medical Research Pays for Itself

    Public and charity spending on medical research in the UK stimulates the private sector to spend more on R&D, not less. Each pound of public funding leads to an additional 99 pence investment from the private sector.

    Apr 27, 2016

  • Young mother working with her baby

    Commentary

    What Is Being Done in Europe to Get Mothers Back to Work?

    Helping mothers get back to work has many benefits. It supports women's economic independence, helps reduce the gender pay gap, and boosts the economy. Perhaps most importantly, it could keep more children out of poverty.

    Apr 26, 2016

  • Two UK police in high-visibility jackets at an outdoor event

    Commentary

    Police and Crime Commissioners: Why Should We Care?

    Police and crime commissioners (PCCs) are elected officials in the UK who oversee local policing and crime. Although they have significant, growing powers that affect everyone, public awareness about PCCs is low.

    Apr 21, 2016

  • A Syrian refugee teacher distributes books to her refugee students in the Karapurcek district of Ankara, Turkey

    Commentary

    Solutions for Educating Young Syrian Refugees

    Approximately 1.5 million Syrian refugees are school-age children. They face a slew of struggles, not the least of which is the lack of education that they need to move forward in life. What can be done to improve the access to and quality of refugee education?

    Apr 21, 2016

  • Russian paratroopers wait to board a helicopter during a military exercise outside the southern city of Stavropol, Russia, October 27, 2015

    Commentary

    Outnumbered, Outranged, and Outgunned: How Russia Defeats NATO

    Today NATO is outnumbered, outranged, and outgunned by Russia in Europe and beset by a number of compounding factors that make the situation worse. But it is possible to begin restoring a more robust deterrent posture and to do so at a price tag that appears affordable.

    Apr 21, 2016

  • The sun sets over Suleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, Turkey

    Announcement

    The Middle East After the Arab Spring

    A new book by RAND's Shelly Culbertson mixes travel memoir, reporting, and analysis across six Middle Eastern countries, presenting diverse experiences of the Arab Spring.

    Apr 19, 2016