Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • pills and coins

    Report

    International variation in drug usage: An exploratory analysis of the "causes" of variation

    The report explores possible causes that might explain observed international variations in the usage of medicines for 5 disease areas in 13 high-income countries, assessing evidence for dementia, osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes and hepatitis C.

    Nov 27, 2014

  • Georgia's President Georgy Margvelashvili waves while flanked by Prime Minister Irakly Garibashvili (2nd L), Parliament speaker David Usupashvili (R) and Patriarch Ilia II during celebrations for the signing of an association agreement with the EU in June 2014

    Commentary

    Rough and Tumble of Building Democracy in Georgia

    Leadership squabbles and instincts for retribution are testing Georgia's democracy. If leaders do not come together to strengthen the political system and governance, Georgia's future could hang in the balance.

    Nov 26, 2014

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks to the media after talks with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in August 2014

    Commentary

    Putting Putin in His Place

    Developing an effective and sustainable strategy to deal with the multi-layered problem that Putin's Russia has created requires deterring Russia while also engaging it. The U.S. and Europe should have confidence that they are up to the task.

    Nov 26, 2014

  • Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev meets with U.S. President Barack Obama during a nuclear security summit in April 2010

    Commentary

    Celebrating the Success of Project Sapphire

    Twenty years ago this week, the United States transported over 600 kilograms of at-risk, weapons-usable highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Kazakhstan to Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for safekeeping. Kazakhstan had the courage to trust its new relationship with the U.S. to help prevent the proliferation of dangerous material to countries that might seek to build nuclear weapons.

    Nov 21, 2014

  • Female doctor with stethoscope, holding stylized heart

    Project

    The Future of Anticoagulation to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

    To inform short and long term strategic and policy initiatives, RAND Europe is part of an initiative that aims to create an evidence base on the current reality of atrial fibrillation-related stroke management in Europe (with a particular focus on anticoagulation), as well as how this is likely to change over the near (3-5 years) and medium (20-25 years) terms.

    Nov 21, 2014

  • A boy playing with Cuisenaire rods

    Commentary

    The Time Is Ripe for Evidence-Based Child Policy in the UK

    Today marks the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and provides an opportunity to reflect on the progress that has been made and the challenges that remain. Even in the UK there are still children who live in poverty and inequality, who experience violence, and who are not afforded rights on par with their peers.

    Nov 20, 2014

  • rainbow paint explosion

    Project

    Evaluating the Assessment Process for the Impact Element of Research Excellence Framework 2014

    Following RAND Europe's evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework submission process, the four UK higher education funding bodies have commissioned an evaluation of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014.

    Nov 20, 2014

  • flickr_3404985890_b203801f3c_o

    Project

    Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    Mounted police have been part of British policing for the better part of two centuries but little was known about their work from an academic or practitioner standpoint. RAND Europe helped to investigate both quantitative and qualitative indicators relating to the value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, in an effort to understand how members of the public perceive and respond to mounted police deployments.

    Nov 19, 2014

  • Mounted police outside Buckingham Palace

    Report

    Assessing the Value of Mounted Police Units in the UK

    Research in the UK shows demonstrable and measurable value of mounted police in various deployment scenarios, but the decision to maintain, expand or cut mounted capacity must be based on the priorities a police force sets within limited and contracting budgets.

    Nov 18, 2014

  • Report

    Venture Research: Fostering trust and freedom in research funding

    We describe BP's Venture Research Unit, a funding initiative in 1980-1990 that targeted researchers with radical ideas. This report is based on the books Pioneering Research and Scientific Freedom by Donald Braben, who ran the programme.

    Nov 13, 2014

  • A destroyed T-72 tank, which presumably came from Russia, is seen on a battlefield near separatist-controlled Starobesheve in eastern Ukraine October 2014

    Commentary

    Hitting the Pause Button: The 'Frozen Conflict' Dilemma in Ukraine

    “Frozen conflicts” describe places where fighting took place and has come to an end, yet no overall political solution, such as a peace treaty, has been reached. Ukraine is likely to host such conflicts for some time. Georgia's experience offers lessons for Ukraine.

    Nov 7, 2014

  • A man cleaning hardwood floor with vacuum cleaner

    Commentary

    HeForShe Can Start at Home

    It's hardly shocking that women do most of the housework, but a recent RAND Europe study found that even where the female partner earns more than the male partner, she still contributes a far larger proportion of her time to household tasks: 21 hours per week compared to 13.

    Oct 30, 2014

  • Irish crowd walking

    Project

    Evaluating Atlantic Philanthropies' Migration Programme for Ireland

    European politics increasingly affect national asylum, immigration and integration law and practice in Ireland. Atlantic Philanthropies, which supports organisations in Ireland and in Europe that work on protection, immigration and integration issues, has asked RAND Europe to evaluate their migration programme to describe the programme’s achievements and inform ongoing and future work in this area.

    Oct 28, 2014

  • Oil barrels under a clear, blue sky

    Commentary

    The Upside of Lower Oil Prices

    Movement toward sharply lower oil prices should be a prominent component of any strategy directed at disabling many of the world's most disruptive threats: Iran's nuclear development, ISIS, Hamas attacks on Israel, and Russia's threat to Ukraine.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • Brigade General Gregoire de Saint-Quentin (L), head of France's Operation Serval in Mali, stands with General Nabere Honore Traore, army chief of Burkina Faso, during a handover ceremony of the Timbuktu mission, April 23, 2013

    Report

    What Can the U.S. Army Learn from France's War in Mali?

    French Army operations in Mali provide an example of how a technologically sophisticated army organizes and fields an expeditionary force. While the French way of war may not be optimal for U.S. commanders, who have greater resources at their disposal, the Army should still examine it for useful insights.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • U.S. President Barack Obama participates in a briefing from top military leaders while visiting U.S. Central Command at MacDill Air Force Base, September 17, 2014

    Commentary

    The New Global Juggling Act

    Areas that have long been a focal point for defense planning — Europe, the Middle East and East Asia — are all facing profound and unsettling change, and the United States may no longer have the luxury of choosing among regions.

    Oct 7, 2014

  • A hand with a calculator against various European bills

    Project

    How Much Does Lack of Full EU Integration Cost?

    An analysis of the current state of play in the European free movement of goods allowed researchers to quantify costs due to a lack of full integration, drawing special attention to two sectors of the European economy: the construction materials sector and the medical devices sectors.

    Sep 25, 2014

  • French President Francois Hollande arrives at the Elysee Palace in Paris to speak about French airstrikes in Iraq against Islamic State militants, September 19, 2014

    Commentary

    Does France Have the Master Plan to Defeat ISIS?

    In Mali, France stopped jihadists from taking over, ejected them from the country almost entirely, and struck a major blow to their ability to threaten France and the region. This success story provides important lessons for the U.S. debate about how to deal with ISIS.

    Sep 24, 2014

  • Paratroopers depart Lielvarde Airbase, Latvia, Sept. 8, 2014, at the conclusion of a NATO exercise involving over 2,000 troops from 10 nations that focuses on increasing interoperability and synchronizing complex operations

    Commentary

    The More Options, the Better

    Preserving the ability of the United States to choose how it will respond to global events is essential. And maintaining options is critical to the calculus.

    Sep 23, 2014

  • People walking near the Red Square and St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, Russia

    Commentary

    One Day in the Life of Russia

    Russia faces major challenges, some self-inflicted. Freedoms vital to the creation of a modern civil society are declining. Dominant, state-controlled energy and aerospace companies are losing ground, weakening a strained economy.

    Sep 23, 2014