Europe

Featured

From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Tired businesswoman in the office

    Commentary

    Americans Don't Sleep Enough, and It's Costing Us $411 Billion

    Sleep and sleep loss are often considered to be among the most intimate of personal behaviors, but sleep matters to all aspects of society, from an individual’s health to the success of the global economy.

    Nov 30, 2016

  • News Release

    Lack of Sleep Costing U.S. Economy Up to $411 Billion a Year

    Sleep deprivation leads to a higher mortality risk and lower productivity levels among the workforce, putting a significant damper on a nation's economy. It leads to the U.S. losing around 1.2 million working days a year.

    Nov 29, 2016

  • News Release

    Lack of Sleep Costing UK Economy Up to £40 Billion a Year

    Sleep deprivation leads to a higher mortality risk and lower productivity levels among the workforce, putting a significant damper on a nation's economy. It leads to the UK losing around 200,000 working days a year.

    Nov 29, 2016

  • Professor and university students in a lecture hall

    Commentary

    Before We Measure Teaching Quality, We Should Know What It Is

    The lack of an evidence base on teaching quality and its impact in higher education points to a need for more research, made more pressing by the imminent roll-out of the Teaching Excellence Framework, which intends to assess and monitor teaching quality at UK higher education institutions.

    Nov 29, 2016

  • Man in bed looking at a tablet

    Report

    Sleep Deprivation Has Economic, Physical, and Social Consequences

    Sleep deprivation leads to a higher mortality risk and lower productivity levels among the workforce, putting a significant damper on a nation's economy.

    Nov 29, 2016

  • Coworkers taking a break in the office to stretch

    Commentary

    Measuring What Works: Workplace Well-Being

    The link between productivity and well-being is recognized and increasingly accepted as a prerequisite of strong employer and employee performance. HR professionals and CEOs believe that high employee well-being means high staff engagement and a real intention to do well for the workforce.

    Nov 28, 2016

  • Young barista working in a cafe

    Commentary

    Finding the 'Sweet Spot' in the UK Minimum Wage Debate

    Increases in the UK national minimum wages have not had adverse effects on employment overall. But it's important that the new national living wage and minimum wage aren’t increased to a point that is unsustainable for businesses.

    Nov 28, 2016

  • Tip box

    Project

    Investigating the Effects of the UK’s National Minimum Wage

    The Low Pay Commission asked RAND Europe to combine the findings of a large number of empirical studies and fill existing gaps in the evidence base on the national minimum wage (NMW). The project team will specifically consider the effects of the NMW on different labour market sub-groups.

    Nov 23, 2016

  • Journal Article

    The Impact of the National Minimum Wage on Employment: A Meta-Analysis: a Report for the UK Low Pay Commission

    This report presents the findings of a meta-study on the employment effects of the UK national minimum wage. The research project was commissioned by the UK Low Pay Commission (LPC).

    Nov 23, 2016

  • A Lithuanian army soldier holds the national flag during the NATO Force Integration Unit inauguration event in Vilnius, Lithuania, September 3, 2015

    Commentary

    'If You Want Peace, Prepare for Resistance'

    The government of Lithuania issued a guide on how its citizens can resist a potential Russian invasion and occupation. Resistance is a key element of the “Total Defense” strategy which all three Baltic states have been pursuing to varying degrees, spurred on by Russian aggression in Crimea and elsewhere.

    Nov 22, 2016

  • Donald Trump arrives at his election night rally at the New York Hilton Midtown in Manhattan, November 9, 2016

    Commentary

    Can Trump Really Do Deals with Putin?

    Russia is a declining economic power whose foreign policy has led to isolation and criticism. But Putin may have an inflated sense of Russia's importance and expect one-sided U.S. concessions. If so, diplomacy could run into headwinds early in the Trump administration.

    Nov 21, 2016

  • Russian President Putin and Turkish President Erdogan meet to sign a bilateral agreement on construction of the TurkStream undersea gas pipeline in Istanbul, Turkey, October 10, 2016

    Commentary

    The Turkish-Russian Rapprochement: How Real? How Durable?

    The recent strengthening of ties between Turkey and Russia may represent more of an economic marriage of convenience than a deeply rooted political alliance. On a number of important issues, particularly the Syrian conflict, the two nations have very different interests and priorities.

    Nov 21, 2016

  • Former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry and CFR Senior Fellow Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at RAND's Politics Aside event in Santa Monica, November 12, 2016

    Blog

    The Return of a Cold War Threat

    The danger of blundering into a nuclear war through miscalculation or human error has returned, said former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry at RAND's Politics Aside event. No leader is seeking nuclear war, but there are new dangers that didn't exist during the Cold War that could lead to one.

    Nov 15, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Evaluation of the Action Plan Against the Rising Threats from Antimicrobial Resistance

    This report presents an evaluation of the European Commission's 'Communication to the European Parliament and the Council on the Action Plan against the Rising Threats from Antimicrobial Resistance.'

    Nov 4, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Evaluation of the EC Action Plan Against the Rising Threats from Antimicrobial Resistance: Final Report - Appendices

    This set of appendices supplements the final report for the 'Evaluation of the EC Action Plan against the rising threats from antimicrobial resistance'.

    Nov 2, 2016

  • U.S. President Barack Obama (left) meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin during the G8 Summit at Lough Erne in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, June 17, 2013

    Commentary

    Righting Relations With Russia

    Russia's current anti-Western stridency coincides with rising internal repression. That may limit what the next U.S. president can do to improve relations.

    Oct 31, 2016

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a press conference at Tegel airport in Berlin, Germany, October 20, 2016

    Commentary

    Checklist for a U.S.-Russia Cyberwar

    The Obama administration is reportedly considering a response to Russia's alleged hack of the Democratic National Committee. But many questions must be addressed first.

    Oct 31, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Health Services Commissioning in Northern Ireland: Annex F

    This case study discusses the principal elements of Health and Social Care commissioning in Northern Ireland. It explores how the commissioning system functions and how its supports the delivery of health and social care.

    Oct 28, 2016

  • British police constable on London streets

    Project

    Evaluating the UK College of Policing's New Stop and Search Training

    An evaluation of new stop and search training introduced by the UK College of Policing aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the quality and nature of the training programme's implementation, the mechanisms of change, and the impact on on officers' behaviour.

    Oct 27, 2016

  • The front entrance of Northern Ireland's Craigavon Area Hospital

    Project

    Assessing Health Services in Northern Ireland

    To help the OECD understand key elements of health and social care commissioning in Northern Ireland, researchers assessed how effectively the population's needs are being met, the use of strategic planning, and how well the system incentivises high quality, value for money service provision.

    Oct 27, 2016