Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Migrants stand on board of Italian Navy ship Chimera before disembarking in the southern harbour of Salerno April 22, 2015

    Commentary

    What Does It Take to Rescue Migrants at Sea?

    EU leaders gathered today for an emergency summit to discuss a concerted response to the humanitarian disaster unfolding in the Mediterranean Sea. As a former officer serving aboard an Italian Navy warship deployed in Operation Mare Nostrum in Nov. 2013, Giacomo Persi Paoli is well aware of the challenges.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • An elderly man tries explaining his pain to his doctor

    Commentary

    More Long-Term Health Conditions, Poorer Health Care Experiences

    Patients with multiple long-term health conditions are more likely to report poorer experiences in primary care than those with fewer health problems. A patient-centered model that takes into account the severity of disease — and the impact of combinations of diseases, on patient quality of life and health care experiences — could make a difference.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • Britain's Prime Minister David Cameron prepares to speak as he returns to Number 10 Downing Street on March 30, 2015

    Commentary

    Letter from London

    There is evidence of decisiveness and clarity in the UK's foreign policy outlook. Yet there is also ambivalence, partly explained by preelection domestic politics, some aspects of which challenge the very notion of the UK as a unitary foreign policy actor.

    Apr 21, 2015

  • Journal Article

    Stop Putin's Next Invasion Before It Starts

    The U.S. should station forces in Eastern Europe to protect the Baltics from Russian aggression.

    Apr 21, 2015

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin at the national defense control center in Moscow, April 17, 2015

    Commentary

    Putin: Eyes Wide Shut

    The Russia that the United States faces today is more assertive and more unpredictable—and thus, in many ways, more dangerous—than the Russia that the U.S. confronted during the latter part of the Cold War.

    Apr 20, 2015

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin takes part in a live broadcast nationwide call-in in Moscow April 16, 2015; he said Russian military forces were not in Ukraine, denying allegations that Moscow is providing troops and support for pro-Russian rebels fighting in eastern Ukraine

    Commentary

    Ukraine Crisis Is a Geopolitical Game Changer

    Russia's aggression abroad and repression at home have altered the basic assumptions of earlier Western policy. By misjudging the tolerance for aggression in Europe, Moscow is bringing on the encirclement it fears. The West is now better prepared to deal with any further aggression and more confident that Ukraine's future will be as part of an enlarged Europe.

    Apr 17, 2015

  • Littoral Combat Ships under construction in Mobile, Alabama

    Report

    The Economic Consequences of Investing in Shipbuilding: Case Studies in the United States and Sweden

    This report assesses the economic impacts that a shipbuilder has on its local community and region. The authors utilize a case study methodology to examine two U.S. shipbuilders and the Saab Aeronautics Gripen program in Sweden.

    Apr 15, 2015

  • Journal Article

    Why Do Patients with Multimorbidity in England Report Worse Experiences in Primary Care? Evidence from the General Practice Patient Survey

    The authors describe and explain the primary care experiences of people with multiple long-term conditions in England.

    Apr 13, 2015

  • People welcome U.S. Army soldiers during a military exercise in Harrachov, Czech Republic

    Report

    The Ukrainian Crisis and European Security

    If the Department of Defense is tasked with helping NATO build a more robust deterrence and defense posture in Eastern Europe, the U.S. Army and Air Force will need to revisit planning assumptions that have minimized U.S. military commitments to that region since the end of the Cold War.

    Apr 2, 2015

  • Journal Article

    An Evaluation of Social Impact Bonds in Health and Social Care: Interim Report

    This interim report describes the progress of the nine 'Trailblazer' projects that investigate the feasibility of setting up Social Impact Bond (SIB) projects in health and social care in England.

    Apr 1, 2015

  • Group of people discussing research

    Commentary

    Three Cheers for Research Users Engaging in REF 2014

    In the UK, research outputs from universities are assessed every five years to determine future funding allocations from government. In 2014, for the first time, the Research Excellence Framework included an assessment of research impact. Research users played key roles throughout the process.

    Mar 31, 2015

  • An Iraqi soldier rides in an armoured vehicle in Salahuddin province, Iraq, March 4, 2015, where Islamic State militants set fire to oil wells in the Ajil field east of the city of Tikrit to try to hinder aerial attacks aimed at driving them from the oilfield

    Commentary

    Oil Bonanza: Good News for the World

    World oil prices have fallen by more than 40 percent since June 2014 and over the next several years prices are more likely to fall than to rise. The global economy will benefit hugely from this shift, and it's possible that global security will also benefit from lower oil prices.

    Mar 31, 2015

  • Closeup of hands of two people drinking and smoking

    Commentary

    Paying People to Change Behavior in the UK: Lessons from Latin America

    Policymakers in Western countries seeking new policy levers to tackle costly lifestyle behaviors in the age of austerity may do well to take up programs based on cash incentives. Recent analysis of conditional payment programs in Latin America highlights some useful lessons.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • French President Francois Hollande, U.S. President Barack Obama, and British Prime Minister David Cameron discuss the situation in Ukraine at the G20 in Brisbane, November 16, 2014

    Commentary

    France Is Replacing the U.K. as America's Top Ally in Europe

    The U.S.'s relationship with France should be recognized and strengthened. France retains the military capability and the political moxie to contribute significantly and aggressively to collective responses to security threats to the Atlantic Alliance.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • Dominoes falling down

    Commentary

    REF 2014 Impact Submissions: Part of a Cultural Shift?

    The Research Excellence Framework (REF) has incentivized universities to be more focused on their contribution to society beyond academia. The inclusion of impact as a component of the REF is leading to a cultural shift in the academic sector.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • Newton's cradle

    Commentary

    REF 2014 Shows That Research Impact Can Be Assessed

    For the first time anywhere, the UK has allocated funding to universities according to an assessment of research impact. An evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 process reveals that it worked, allowing different types of impacts drawn from a wide range of disciplines to be compared and scored.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • Report

    Foreign financing of Islamic institutions in the Netherlands: A study to assess the feasibility of conducting a comprehensive analysis

    The report presents the results of a study assessing the feasibility of conducting a full analysis of the size and scope of foreign funding of Islamic institutions in the Netherlands and the possible conditions under which funding may be provided.

    Mar 26, 2015

  • Shardlow Wharf, Derbyshire, UK

    Commentary

    Pooling Resources for Public Service Transformation

    Poor coordination in government services has long been a source of frustration to users, and a cause of inefficiency and ineffectiveness. The emerging debate about devolution of powers and responsibilities for some public services, and ongoing resource pressures, have encouraged innovative, locally developed approaches.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • France's far-right Front National leader Marine Le Pen at a news conference in Nanterre, near Paris, March 22, 2015

    Commentary

    The Front National and the Future of French Foreign Policy

    France's far-right party Front National is ascendant. Its leader could be a strong contender in 2017's presidential elections. Do the Front National's current and, possibly, future successes have implications for France's partners and allies in Europe and beyond?

    Mar 25, 2015

  • News Release

    It Worked: REF 2014 Was Successful in Assessing Research Impacts

    RAND Europe's evaluations of the impact element of the UK's Research Excellence Framework 2014 show that researchers can describe the wider societal benefits of their research, and that these impacts can be assessed and compared.

    Mar 25, 2015