Europe

Featured

From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Estonian soldiers in a military parade celebrate Estonia's Independence Day near the Russian border in Narva, February 24, 2015

    Report

    The Potential for Russian Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics

    Russia would likely have trouble using nonviolent tactics to destabilize the Baltics. Covert violent action is also unlikely to succeed on its own. Thus, the Baltics' main vulnerability is Russia's local superiority in conventional forces.

    Feb 23, 2017

  • Taiwanese soldiers salute from tanks during a military exercise in Hsinchu, northern Taiwan, July 4, 2015

    Report

    Transforming Taiwan's Reserve Force

    As the political-military challenge from China grows, Taiwan's reserve force may need to play a more prominent role in Taipei's approach to deterring Chinese aggression. Changing its reserve force size, structure, roles, missions, equipment, and training could help Taiwan offset PLA advantages.

    Feb 22, 2017

  • Police officers in riot gear stand outside Winson Green prison after a serious disturbance broke out, in Birmingham, Britain, December 16, 2016

    Commentary

    UK Prisons Are in 'Crisis,' So What Can Be Done to Improve Performance?

    Prisons in the UK are experiencing record numbers of suicides and other violent incidents, as well as staff shortages. Policymakers working on prison reform need more effective ways to measure the performance of prison programs.

    Feb 20, 2017

  • A woman worrying at her desk

    Commentary

    We Still Know Little About Financial Well-Being

    There is a clear link between UK employees being concerned about their finances and negative health and well-being. The challenge for researchers is that financial well-being is hard to measure.

    Feb 20, 2017

  • Logo for Britain's Healthiest Workplace competition

    Project

    Providing Support to the 'Britain's Healthiest Workplace' Competition

    Now in its fifth year, Vitality's annual Britain's Healthiest Workplace contest continues to receive research support from RAND Europe and the University of Cambridge. RAND Europe’s role includes designing and running surveys, analysing results, and providing customised reports to participating organisations. The project’s central aims are to raise awareness and gain a better understanding of how organisations can engage with the wellness of their employees.

    Feb 16, 2017

  • A member of the counterterrorism task force stands guard in Times Square, New York City, December 31, 2016

    Testimony

    No Easy Solutions to the Persistent Terrorist Threat

    Jihadist terrorism isn't the most dangerous threat to the United States. But it is the most prominent. There are no clear solutions to this problem, and all America's counterterrorism options entail risks.

    Feb 14, 2017

  • A teacher pointing to a student for talking in class

    Commentary

    Body Cameras on Teachers Are Not the Answer to Classroom Management

    Teachers in two England schools are participating in a pilot program of wearing cameras to stop pupil disruption. How they use the cameras could be counter-productive and may actually escalate situations in the classroom. Other methods to control challenging pupils will likely work better.

    Feb 13, 2017

  • Report

    The Concert of Europe and Great-Power Governance Today: What Can the Order of 19th-Century Europe Teach Policymakers About International Order in the 21st Century?

    This Perspective describes the key principles of the Concert of Europe, analyzes its effects, and draws implications for future U.S. policy toward the international order.

    Feb 13, 2017

  • Journal Article

    Does a Biomedical Research Centre Affect Patient Care in Local Hospitals?

    Biomedical research can have impacts on patient care at research-active hospitals. We qualitatively evaluated the impact of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (Oxford BRC), a university-hospital partnership, on the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare in local hospitals.

    Feb 10, 2017

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks during a news conference following the talks with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban in Budapest, Hungary, February 2, 2017

    Commentary

    Dealing with a Revanchist Russia

    The deployment of additional U.S. forces and other NATO units to Poland, Norway, the Baltics, and other states symbolically reinforces the West's commitment to the alliance. But countering Russia's influence will require a fundamental reformulation of EU and U.S. political strategy.

    Feb 8, 2017

  • A marijuana joint on a coffeeshop table in Amsterdam, Netherlands

    Commentary

    The Future of Cannabis in the Netherlands

    The Netherlands should proceed cautiously in implementing any marijuana regulations, taking into account the models devised elsewhere and remembering that once enacted the rules will be difficult to change.

    Feb 1, 2017

  • British Prime Minister Theresa May speaks as U.S. President Donald Trump listens during their joint news conference at the White House in Washington, U.S., January 27, 2017.

    Commentary

    Politics Across the Pond

    Donald Trump and Theresa May can't actually get much done on U.S.-U.K. trade in the short term. Whatever Trump and May say or agree to during this visit will be for political effect. Any real bargaining on the economics will take place years in the future.

    Jan 31, 2017

  • Hands programming code on a laptop

    Project

    Evaluation of the Dutch Defence Cyber Strategy

    A highly effective defence cyber strategy is vital for national and international organisations in safeguarding and increasing the effectiveness of their defence capabilities and enhancing their own cyber resilience. The Dutch Ministry of Defence has thus asked RAND Europe and VKA to evaluate its strategy.

    Jan 31, 2017

  • Brochure

    Spotlight on 2016

    Spotlight, RAND Europe's annual review, features ways that our objective research and analysis expanded perspectives in 2016 to provide policy and decision makers the evidence and facts during a year of highly charged political debates.

    Jan 31, 2017

  • Hezbollah members salute during the funeral of Ali Fayyad, a senior commander who was killed fighting in Syria, Lebanon, March 2, 2016

    Commentary

    Hezbollah Is Winning the War in Syria

    Hezbollah's participation in operations in Syria have likely helped improve the group's interoperability with other military organizations, hone its tactics, and expand its ability to command and control forces in a combat environment—all of which can be exported back to its native Lebanon.

    Jan 30, 2017

  • Children's Wing, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford

    Project

    Evaluating the Impact of Oxford's Biomedical Research Centre (BRC)

    RAND Europe and the Office of Health Economics evaluated the impact of the Oxford Biomedical Research Centre on local commerce, academics, and hospital care.

    Jan 25, 2017

  • Report

    Regional foreign policy dynamics and their implications for the Mediterranean Region

    This publication is part of a series of four RAND Perspectives (PE) each focusing on different challenges in the Mediterranean region. The focus of this PE is on regional foreign policy dynamics and their implications for stability and security.

    Jan 25, 2017

  • French President Francois Hollande (L) walks with Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, President of Mali at the international conference center of Bamako ahead of the France-Africa summit in Bamako, Mali, January 14, 2017.

    Commentary

    What Mali Really Needs

    Mali needs more international engagement, as well as serious pressure on the Malian state to strengthen its hold on the country. The key will be helping beyond just security force assistance and conventional economic development aid; Mali needs help governing.

    Jan 23, 2017

  • Female doctor in NHS hospital

    Project

    Evaluation of the Southern Cluster Urgent and Emergency Care Vanguards

    RAND Europe has been commissioned to evaluate the new care models being implemented by urgent and emergency care vanguards in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough; Torbay and South Devon; and Barking and Dagenham, Havering and Redbridge.

    Jan 18, 2017

  • U.S. and Polish soldiers meet after a welcoming ceremony for U.S. troops deployed as part of a NATO buildup in Eastern Europe, Zagan, Poland, January 14, 2017

    Report

    How Are European Countries Vulnerable to Russia?

    Russia's aggression against Ukraine has highlighted potential threats to NATO and the EU. But European countries differ in how susceptible they are to possible Russian actions.

    Jan 18, 2017