Europe

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From education, energy security, immigration, and health care to information technology, justice, and security policy, Europe faces myriad challenges in the 21st century. RAND research has long tackled similar problems facing the United States, and for 20 years, RAND Europe has applied its analytical expertise in these areas to public- and private-sector clients throughout Europe.

Explore Europe

  • Group of people discussing research

    Commentary

    Three Cheers for Research Users Engaging in REF 2014

    In the UK, research outputs from universities are assessed every five years to determine future funding allocations from government. In 2014, for the first time, the Research Excellence Framework included an assessment of research impact. Research users played key roles throughout the process.

    Mar 31, 2015

  • Closeup of hands of two people drinking and smoking

    Commentary

    Paying People to Change Behavior in the UK: Lessons from Latin America

    Policymakers in Western countries seeking new policy levers to tackle costly lifestyle behaviors in the age of austerity may do well to take up programs based on cash incentives. Recent analysis of conditional payment programs in Latin America highlights some useful lessons.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • French President Francois Hollande, U.S. President Barack Obama, and British Prime Minister David Cameron discuss the situation in Ukraine at the G20 in Brisbane, November 16, 2014

    Commentary

    France Is Replacing the U.K. as America's Top Ally in Europe

    The U.S.'s relationship with France should be recognized and strengthened. France retains the military capability and the political moxie to contribute significantly and aggressively to collective responses to security threats to the Atlantic Alliance.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • Dominoes falling down

    Commentary

    REF 2014 Impact Submissions: Part of a Cultural Shift?

    The Research Excellence Framework (REF) has incentivized universities to be more focused on their contribution to society beyond academia. The inclusion of impact as a component of the REF is leading to a cultural shift in the academic sector.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • Newton's cradle

    Commentary

    REF 2014 Shows That Research Impact Can Be Assessed

    For the first time anywhere, the UK has allocated funding to universities according to an assessment of research impact. An evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 process reveals that it worked, allowing different types of impacts drawn from a wide range of disciplines to be compared and scored.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • Report

    Foreign financing of Islamic institutions in the Netherlands: A study to assess the feasibility of conducting a comprehensive analysis

    The report presents the results of a study assessing the feasibility of conducting a full analysis of the size and scope of foreign funding of Islamic institutions in the Netherlands and the possible conditions under which funding may be provided.

    Mar 26, 2015

  • Shardlow Wharf, Derbyshire, UK

    Commentary

    Pooling Resources for Public Service Transformation

    Poor coordination in government services has long been a source of frustration to users, and a cause of inefficiency and ineffectiveness. The emerging debate about devolution of powers and responsibilities for some public services, and ongoing resource pressures, have encouraged innovative, locally developed approaches.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • France's far-right Front National leader Marine Le Pen at a news conference in Nanterre, near Paris, March 22, 2015

    Commentary

    The Front National and the Future of French Foreign Policy

    France's far-right party Front National is ascendant. Its leader could be a strong contender in 2017's presidential elections. Do the Front National's current and, possibly, future successes have implications for France's partners and allies in Europe and beyond?

    Mar 25, 2015

  • rainbow paint explosion

    Project

    Evaluating the Assessment Process for the Impact Element of Research Excellence Framework 2014

    Following RAND Europe's evaluation of the Research Excellence Framework submission process, the four UK higher education funding bodies commissioned an evaluation of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • rainbow paint explosion

    Project

    Evaluating the Submission Process for the Research Excellence Framework's Impact Element

    To formulate evidence-based conclusions and recommendations for improving the processes of preparing submissions for impact assessment, the higher education funding councils for England, Scotland and Wales asked RAND Europe to work with a sample of higher education institutions to evaluate the submission process for the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • News Release

    It Worked: REF 2014 Was Successful in Assessing Research Impacts

    RAND Europe's evaluations of the impact element of the UK's Research Excellence Framework 2014 show that researchers can describe the wider societal benefits of their research, and that these impacts can be assessed and compared.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report

    Preparing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation: Approach and Evidence

    As part of a review of the preparation process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements, this report provides an in-depth analysis of the gathered data.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report

    Assessing impact submissions for REF2014: An evaluation

    A review of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report

    Preparing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation: Findings and observations

    As part of a review of the preparation process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements, this report summarises the approach and describes the key findings and observations.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Research Brief

    Preparing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation

    Research summary describing our evaluation of the preparation process for the new impact element of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 by UK universities, to assess the process and identify improvements.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Research Brief

    Assessing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation

    Research summary describing our evaluation of the assessment process for submissions to the impact element of the Research Excellence Framework 2014 by UK universities, to explore strengths, weaknesses and implications for future similar exercises.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg addresses a news conference during a NATO defense ministers meeting in Brussels, February 5, 2015

    Report

    NATO Needs a Comprehensive Strategy for Russia

    Russia's intervention in Ukraine has shattered the vision of a stable, secure, and economically healthy Europe that's guided NATO and EU policy for two decades. NATO, working closely with the EU, needs to regain the initiative to proactively seek peace and stability in Europe and find a coherent, cohesive way forward.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report

    One Place, One Budget? Approaches to pooling resources for public service transformation

    The Local Government Association (LGA) commissioned RAND Europe to do 9 case studies of local authorities in England (UK) using a pooled approach for service delivery. Based on this RAND Europe made recommendations for a 'public sector reform deal'.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report

    Learning gain in higher education

    This research explores the concept of learning gain, as well as current national and international practice, to investigate whether a measure of learning gain could be used in England.

    Mar 24, 2015

  • The Lithuanian Army's rapid reaction force unit, first formed in Nov. 2014 in response to Russia's annexation of Crimea, carries out a drill in Rukla Mar. 19, 2015

    Commentary

    Stop Putin's Next Invasion Before It Starts

    The U.S. needs to consider stationing forces in Eastern Europe to support its commitment to protect the independence of the Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania against Russian aggression. If not, and Russia invades, the options available to this or a future U.S. president are stark.

    Mar 20, 2015