European Union

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The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 independent Member States. RAND frequently conducts research for EU institutions and agencies and has also explored such topics as the EU's role in nation building and the implications of EU expansion on the global security environment.

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    Report

    Lack of Complete European Integration Costs Countries, EU

    Oct 21, 2014

    The removal of existing barriers to foreign direct direct investment and non-tariff trade barriers within the European Union could boost total intra-EU merchandise exports up to 7 per cent in the long-term. These effects would vary by Member State, and by sector of the internal market.

  • Horizon over the water, photo by Evan Leeson/CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

    Tool

    Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    Jan 12, 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

Explore European Union

  • college students

    Report

    Comparing Higher Education Entrance Qualifications and Exams in Europe

    The EU considers higher education obliged to help improve the acquisition of skills necessary for economic growth. An analysis of admission systems across ten countries recommends ways to tackle the increasing demand for university education in an era of declining resources.

    May 7, 2015

  • Migrants stand on board of Italian Navy ship Chimera before disembarking in the southern harbour of Salerno April 22, 2015

    Commentary

    What Does It Take to Rescue Migrants at Sea?

    EU leaders gathered today for an emergency summit to discuss a concerted response to the humanitarian disaster unfolding in the Mediterranean Sea. As a former officer serving aboard an Italian Navy warship deployed in Operation Mare Nostrum in Nov. 2013, Giacomo Persi Paoli is well aware of the challenges.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • A child breaking a cigarette in half

    Commentary

    What Works in Early Life to Prevent Tobacco and Alcohol Addiction?

    Tobacco and alcohol addiction are widespread public health risks across the European Union. Both merit tackling at a young age. Evidence-based, early interventions are available that can be applied in small-scale settings to prevent underage alcohol and tobacco abuse.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • People welcome U.S. Army soldiers during a military exercise in Harrachov, Czech Republic

    Report

    The Ukrainian Crisis and European Security

    If the Department of Defense is tasked with helping NATO build a more robust deterrence and defense posture in Eastern Europe, the U.S. Army and Air Force will need to revisit planning assumptions that have minimized U.S. military commitments to that region since the end of the Cold War.

    Apr 2, 2015

  • NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg addresses a news conference during a NATO defense ministers meeting in Brussels, February 5, 2015

    Report

    NATO Needs a Comprehensive Strategy for Russia

    Russia's intervention in Ukraine has shattered the vision of a stable, secure, and economically healthy Europe that's guided NATO and EU policy for two decades. NATO, working closely with the EU, needs to regain the initiative to proactively seek peace and stability in Europe and find a coherent, cohesive way forward.

    Mar 25, 2015

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    Project

    Assessing Measures Against Organised Crime

    Organised crime poses a threat to the security and freedom of European citizens and impacts the lives of people worldwide. Recognising the severity of the problem and the need for coordinated action, the EU has initiated a number of measures to encourage closer cooperation between Members States and the adoption of common legal, judicial and investigative frameworks to address organised crime.

    Mar 23, 2015

  • Woman feeding baby while using laptop and talking on phone

    Commentary

    UK and Europe Are Behind the Times for Single Mothers and Their Children

    Single parents head 10.4 percent of households with children across Europe — 20.4 percent in the UK — and the socioeconomic gap between single- and two-parent households continues to grow. Accessible and flexible work policies are needed to improve employment conditions for single parents, especially mothers.

    Mar 11, 2015

  • Russia's President Vladimir Putin and his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko (2nd L) attend a signing ceremony during a session of the Supreme State Council of the Union State at the Kremlin in Moscow, March 3, 2015

    Commentary

    Europe Must Spend More on Arms to Deter Putin

    Demonstrations in Greece and elsewhere suggest that the European public may have little sympathy for governments not devoting most efforts to domestic discontent and foreign indebtedness. But the longtime downward trends in European defense spending matter now that Russia has chosen to flex its military might, diminished though it may be.

    Mar 3, 2015

  • Belarus' President Alexander Lukashenko, Russia's President Vladimir Putin, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Francois Hollande, and Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko at peace talks in Minsk, February 11, 2015

    Commentary

    The Next European Flashpoints

    The West's most pressing task is to help Ukraine defend itself and survive economic catastrophe. But the West also needs a broader strategy to discourage future Russian coercion of neighbors, help them protect themselves, and counter President Vladimir Putin's false narrative about Western intentions and lack of political will.

    Feb 17, 2015

  • RAND Europe Council of Advisors

    Announcement

    Sir Gregory Winter CBE FRS and László Andor Join Council of Advisors for RAND Europe

    RAND Europe announced today the appointment of two new members to its Council of Advisors: Sir Gregory Winter, master of Trinity College Cambridge, and László Andor, former EU commissioner for employment, social affairs & inclusion. The Council supports RAND Europe in its mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis.

    Jan 30, 2015

  • Report

    Public Perception of Security and Privacy: Results of the comprehensive analysis of PACT's pan-European Survey

    This study reports public preferences for security, surveillance and privacy across 27 European Member States measured using a stated preference survey. It focuses on three real life contexts: metro travel, internet use and health records.

    Jan 27, 2015

  • Computers room at the university

    Project

    Governance and Adaptation to Innovative Modes of Higher Education Provision

    RAND Europe is a co-leading organisation for the Governance and Adaptation to Innovative modes of Higher Education provision project, with 12 partners across the EU. This project for the European Commission and the French Ministry for National Education examines innovative modes in teaching and learning and their evolution across Europe.

    Jan 19, 2015

  • Horizon over the water, sunrise or sunset

    Project

    Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

    Jan 12, 2015

  • A board displays currency exchange rates on a Moscow street, December 29, 2014

    Commentary

    Rapprochement with Russia?

    The ruble's fragility presents an opportunity for American and European diplomats to offer Putin a deal that de-escalates the war in Ukraine, provides Russia sanctions relief, and revitalizes Moscow's economic ties with the West.

    Dec 30, 2014

  • Map and compass

    Project

    Mapping and Engaging Diaspora Communities in the EU and US

    An analysis of diaspora communities within Europe and the U.S. will explore existing population data sets, with an emphasis on demographic and socioeconomic profiles, to deliver concrete recommendations for EU and U.S. engagement with diaspora groups.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Bringing Online in Line: Contribution to an Impact Assessment for the Delegated Act to Implement the Online Provisions of the Revised Energy Related Products Directive

    Objectives for the Delegated Act are directly derived from the Energy Related Products Directive, and specifically aimed at the online environment.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • push pins on a map

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States

    Diaspora communities generally fare better in the U.S. and Europe than those who remained in their countries of origin, but not as well as U.S. and European nationals. Policymakers and others seeking to engage with diaspora groups may benefit from eight recommendations developed through a synthesis of quantitative mapping and analysis of engagement strategies and diaspora survey results.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Map and pushpins

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States: Comparative analysis and recommendations for engagement: summary report

    This summary provides an overview of diasporas present in Europe and the US, and delivers concrete recommendations for engaging with diasporas.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Journal Article

    A Case of Partial Convergence: The Europeanization of Central Government in Central and Eastern Europe

    This article compares the Europeanization of central government in four Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs): Estonia, Latvia, Poland, and Slovakia.

    Dec 5, 2014

  • Graffiti arrows on wall

    Project

    An Analysis of Global Societal Trends to 2030 and Their Impact on the EU

    In an attempt to better coordinate strategic decision-making in response to the global trends of the future, and their impact on the EU, the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS) was established in 2010. RAND Europe’s assessment of global societal trends aims to untangle these complex relationships, as one of three major areas being examined in the second phase of the ESPAS project: namely society, the economy, and governance and power.

    Nov 27, 2014

  • Topic Synonyms:
  • EU