European Union

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The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 independent Member States. RAND frequently conducts research for EU institutions and agencies and has also explored such topics as the EU's role in nation building and the implications of EU expansion on the global security environment.

  • Forex - British and Euro currency pair with calculator, photo by Jonathan Lim Yong Hian/Fotolia

    Report

    Lack of Complete European Integration Costs Countries, EU

    Oct 21, 2014

    The removal of existing barriers to foreign direct direct investment and non-tariff trade barriers within the European Union could boost total intra-EU merchandise exports up to 7 per cent in the long-term. These effects would vary by Member State, and by sector of the internal market.

  • Horizon over the water, photo by Evan Leeson/CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

    Tool

    Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    Jan 12, 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

Explore European Union

  • Two scientists in protective gear working in a microbiology laboratory

    Commentary

    European and American Efforts to Tackle AMR: Great Minds Think Alike (Almost Always)

    The United States and the European Union are committed to tackling antimicrobial resistance. Their efforts share objectives around key areas for improvement, such as the stewardship of existing antimicrobials, surveillance of their use, and development of new antimicrobials.

    Aug 19, 2016

  • The Royal Navy destroyer HMS Diamond alongside the aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower conducting maritime security operations and support missions for Operation Enduring Freedom, November 4, 2012

    Commentary

    Sustaining Britain's Role in NATO After Brexit

    In this period of geostrategic uncertainty about the future of the UK during its divorce from the EU, the U.S. should provide robust diplomatic and political support to ensure that Britain remains a major military power within the Atlantic Alliance.

    Aug 4, 2016

  • Marijuana in the shape of Europe and a joint

    Project

    Evaluating the EU Drugs Strategy, 2013-2020

    To ensure that the objectives of the EU Drugs Strategy are achieved by 2020, researchers are highlighting the areas where progress has been achieved and those where further work is needed.

    Jul 29, 2016

  • People hold banners during a March for Europe demonstration against Britain's decision to leave the European Union, in central London, Britain, July 2, 2016

    Commentary

    Time for a Do-Over on Brexit

    As the right of the UK voters to decide on EU membership should be respected, so should their right to change their minds. There is no reason to regard their choice to leave as irreversible.

    Jul 7, 2016

  • t-call-experts-hr

    Multimedia

    Understanding Brexit

    RAND experts discuss the United Kingdom's historic vote to leave the European Union and the consequences for Britain, Europe, and the United States.

    Jul 6, 2016

  • Puzzle with the flags of Great Britain and NATO

    Commentary

    Why Brexit Won't Necessarily Hurt NATO

    Concerns that the Brexit vote could weaken NATO are overblown. There will likely be a wide range of fallout that will spread beyond the economic realm, but the European Union is not NATO and it's far too early to expect dramatic outcomes.

    Jul 3, 2016

  • A British flag flutters in front of a window in London, Britain, June 24, 2016 after Britain voted to leave the European Union in the EU BREXIT referendum.

    Commentary

    Grasping the Brexit Moment for Free Trade

    The United Kingdom's surprising vote to exit the EU turned another tricky day into a possible social crisis. But where there is crisis, there is also opportunity, and the vote presents an opening for another step forward of global trade and investment liberalization.

    Jul 1, 2016

  • Dawn breaks behind the Houses of Parliament and the statue of Winston Churchill in Westminster, London, Britain, June 24, 2016

    Commentary

    The Future of Transatlantic Security

    Without the UK, the EU's military and defense capabilities — including in key areas such as strategic lift, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance, and special forces — are considerably reduced.

    Jun 28, 2016

  • News Release

    Strong Global Economic Engagement Is Essential to Maintaining U.S. Prosperity and Leadership Abroad

    The United States stands to gain more from both strengthening global institutions and rules, such as those governing trade, direct investment, and development assistance, as well as engaging with the world's rising powers than from pulling back.

    Jun 21, 2016

  • 20160621-RAND-USTR

    Multimedia

    U.S. International Economic Policies That Can Expand Strategic Options

    In a fast-changing world, should the United States strengthen its links with the international economy or pull back? RAND Senior Economist Howard Shatz and Ambassador Michael Froman explore this question at the book launch for the latest volume in RAND's Strategic Rethink series. Ambassador Charles Ries moderates the discussion.

    Jun 21, 2016

  • Currency exchange rates are displayed on a digital LED screen

    Report

    U.S. International Economic Strategy in a Turbulent World

    The United States stands to gain more from strengthening global institutions and engaging with the world's growing economic powers than from pulling back.

    Jun 21, 2016

  • A blue map of the United States overlaying skyscrapers

    Research Brief

    Charting the U.S. Role in the World Economy

    The strength of America's economy supports the country's international power. That makes the next administration's economic choices among its most crucial.

    Jun 21, 2016

  • Google's self-driving car

    Project

    Exploring the Social and Economic Impacts of a Common EU Approach to Liability Rules for Connected and Autonomous ...

    This research will provide an evidence-based quantitative assessment of the possible added social and economic value that would arise from the development of EU rules on liability and insurance related to deployment of connected and autonomous vehicles.

    Jun 14, 2016

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a meeting at the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia, April 26, 2016

    Commentary

    Putin Is Trying to Bully Europe into Dropping Sanctions

    Seeking relief from Western sanctions, the Kremlin is waging a campaign of public distortion and intimidation to split Europe from America, and Europeans from each other. But many of its tactics are clumsy and self-defeating.

    Jun 11, 2016

  • Hispanic girl in line at food bank kitchen

    Research Brief

    Testing the Connection Between Social Spending and Better Health: European Edition

    This brief discusses the implications of research findings that, within the European Union, higher levels of social spending are strongly associated with better health.

    May 25, 2016

  • Grandfather and grandson fishing

    Commentary

    Does Social Spending Hold the Key to Better Health?

    Many governments are cutting spending on social welfare programs, such as unemployment benefits, while protecting health care spending. This could actually be negatively affecting population health.

    May 24, 2016

  • Brexit referendum concept with stethoscope

    Commentary

    Brexit and Health Research: An Uncertain Picture

    The impact of leaving the EU on UK health research would depend greatly upon the terms and conditions of such a major change. But by exploring different scenarios, each with its own set of political and economic assumptions, we can get a picture of the potential impacts.

    May 23, 2016

  • European union flag against parliament in Brussels

    Project

    Analysing the Value for Money of EU Programme Funding in the Field of Democracy and Rule of Law

    The Committee on Budgetary Control of the European Parliament commissioned RAND Europe to conduct an analytical study on the value for money of EU programmes to support democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

    May 16, 2016

  • Girl holding balloons

    Commentary

    Does Increased Social Spending Lead to Better Population Health?

    Higher levels of social spending are strongly associated with better health outcomes in many countries, with this link strengthening over time. The association also holds when looking at regional differences within the United States, where spending varies state-by-state.

    May 11, 2016

  • Paramedics helping a patient

    Commentary

    Privacy Preferences for Healthcare Records and Information Across Europe

    The general public has a more nuanced preference for the privacy of electronic health records than previously thought. Survey respondents said that they would not be averse to individuals involved in the health and rescue professions having access to their basic health information.

    May 11, 2016

  • Topic Synonyms:
  • EU