European Union

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The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 independent Member States. RAND frequently conducts research for EU institutions and agencies and has also explored such topics as the EU's role in nation building and the implications of EU expansion on the global security environment.

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    Report

    Lack of Complete European Integration Costs Countries, EU

    Oct 21, 2014

    The removal of existing barriers to foreign direct direct investment and non-tariff trade barriers within the European Union could boost total intra-EU merchandise exports up to 7 per cent in the long-term. These effects would vary by Member State, and by sector of the internal market.

  • Horizon over the water, photo by Evan Leeson/CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

    Tool

    Foresight and Optimisation in Horizon 2020

    Jan 12, 2015

    As digital technology becomes more relevant in diverse aspects of our economy and society, it is important to anticipate changes in technology and how we use it. This understanding is particularly important for Horizon 2020, the EU’s 7-year research and innovation funding programme.

Explore European Union

  • Pro-Euro protestors hold Greek national flags during a rally in front of the parliament building, in Athens, Greece, June 30, 2015

    Commentary

    The Political Solution to the Greek Financial Crisis

    The outcome of Greece's financial crisis will have broad consequences for its already-devastated economy and, to a considerable extent, for the rest of Europe. The core problem is less about economics than about politics.

    Jun 30, 2015

  • Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, June 19, 2015

    Commentary

    Greek Financial Crisis: All You Need to Know

    Europeans should not rush to eject the Greeks from either the euro or the E.U. They should have the patience to let Greek politics run its course.

    Jun 21, 2015

  • Stethoscope on an ECG

    Commentary

    What Does the Future Hold for A-Fib?

    Longer-term thinking, enhanced public awareness, and more thorough engagement among stakeholders are critical components of a strategy to deal with atrial fibrillation.

    Jun 2, 2015

  • Report

    The Future of Anticoagulation: Facts and Figures

    This infographic illustrates the research RAND Europe carried out on the future of anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation, including study background, design, key findings and recommendations.

    Jun 2, 2015

  • Report

    The future of anticoagulation management in atrial fibrillation in Europe: An assessment of today's challenges with recommendations for the future

    As heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, we explored current and future landscapes for AF-related stroke prevention. Our recommendations target awareness, education and maintaining engagement across health services.

    Jun 1, 2015

  • Research Brief

    AF-related stroke prevention: today and the future: Summary for patients

    As heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, we explored current and future landscapes for AF-related stroke prevention. Key areas for the future include public awareness and patient education.

    Jun 1, 2015

  • Research Brief

    AF-related stroke prevention: today and the future: Summary for healthcare professionals

    As heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, we explored current and future landscapes for AF-related stroke prevention. Key areas for the future include education of medical staff and engagement across health services.

    Jun 1, 2015

  • Report

    The future of anticoagulation management in atrial fibrillation in Europe: An assessment of today's challenges with recommendations for the future: Annexes

    As heart arrhythmia atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming more prevalent, we explored the current landscape for AF-related stroke prevention. These annexes contain study methods and detailed results used in developing recommendations for the future.

    Jun 1, 2015

  • Migrants' boats on the Mediterranean island of Lampedusa

    Commentary

    How to Solve the Mediterranean's Migrant Crisis

    Destroying smugglers' vessels could contribute to reducing illegal migration and impact the business model that makes smuggling so profitable. But it won't stop smuggling altogether.

    May 28, 2015

  • First Vice-President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans addresses the European Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs at the EU Parliament in Brussels, October 7, 2014

    Commentary

    'Better Regulation': Why Timmermans Should Go Beyond the Regulatory Scrutiny Board

    Promoting the 'Better Regulation' agenda in the EU could be given a real boost by turning the proposed Regulatory Scrutiny Board into an impartial evidence and scrutiny centre, putting high-quality and objective impact assessment at the heart of the legislative process.

    May 27, 2015

  • LNG tanker on a Spanish river

    Project

    Examining the Possible Consequences of a Deliberate Attack on Tankers

    Maritime terrorism and piracy pose a security threat to tanker transportation around the world. The European Commission (DG MOVE) has commissioned RAND Europe to lead a study on the possible consequences of a deliberate attack against liquefied natural gas, oil and chemical tankers. The study considers a range of potential threat scenarios and seeks to inform discussion on effective mitigation strategies in the face of these threats.

    May 13, 2015

  • college students

    Report

    Comparing Higher Education Entrance Qualifications and Exams in Europe

    The EU considers higher education obliged to help improve the acquisition of skills necessary for economic growth. An analysis of admission systems across ten countries recommends ways to tackle the increasing demand for university education in an era of declining resources.

    May 7, 2015

  • Migrants stand on board of Italian Navy ship Chimera before disembarking in the southern harbour of Salerno April 22, 2015

    Commentary

    What Does It Take to Rescue Migrants at Sea?

    EU leaders gathered today for an emergency summit to discuss a concerted response to the humanitarian disaster unfolding in the Mediterranean Sea. As a former officer serving aboard an Italian Navy warship deployed in Operation Mare Nostrum in Nov. 2013, Giacomo Persi Paoli is well aware of the challenges.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • A child breaking a cigarette in half

    Commentary

    What Works in Early Life to Prevent Tobacco and Alcohol Addiction?

    Tobacco and alcohol addiction are widespread public health risks across the European Union. Both merit tackling at a young age. Evidence-based, early interventions are available that can be applied in small-scale settings to prevent underage alcohol and tobacco abuse.

    Apr 23, 2015

  • People welcome U.S. Army soldiers during a military exercise in Harrachov, Czech Republic

    Report

    The Ukrainian Crisis and European Security

    If the Department of Defense is tasked with helping NATO build a more robust deterrence and defense posture in Eastern Europe, the U.S. Army and Air Force will need to revisit planning assumptions that have minimized U.S. military commitments to that region since the end of the Cold War.

    Apr 2, 2015

  • NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg addresses a news conference during a NATO defense ministers meeting in Brussels, February 5, 2015

    Report

    NATO Needs a Comprehensive Strategy for Russia

    Russia's intervention in Ukraine has shattered the vision of a stable, secure, and economically healthy Europe that's guided NATO and EU policy for two decades. NATO, working closely with the EU, needs to regain the initiative to proactively seek peace and stability in Europe and find a coherent, cohesive way forward.

    Mar 25, 2015

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    Project

    Assessing Measures Against Organised Crime

    Organised crime poses a threat to the security and freedom of European citizens and impacts the lives of people worldwide. Recognising the severity of the problem and the need for coordinated action, the EU has initiated a number of measures to encourage closer cooperation between Members States and the adoption of common legal, judicial and investigative frameworks to address organised crime.

    Mar 23, 2015

  • Woman feeding baby while using laptop and talking on phone

    Commentary

    UK and Europe Are Behind the Times for Single Mothers and Their Children

    Single parents head 10.4 percent of households with children across Europe — 20.4 percent in the UK — and the socioeconomic gap between single- and two-parent households continues to grow. Accessible and flexible work policies are needed to improve employment conditions for single parents, especially mothers.

    Mar 11, 2015

  • Russia's President Vladimir Putin and his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko (2nd L) attend a signing ceremony during a session of the Supreme State Council of the Union State at the Kremlin in Moscow, March 3, 2015

    Commentary

    Europe Must Spend More on Arms to Deter Putin

    Demonstrations in Greece and elsewhere suggest that the European public may have little sympathy for governments not devoting most efforts to domestic discontent and foreign indebtedness. But the longtime downward trends in European defense spending matter now that Russia has chosen to flex its military might, diminished though it may be.

    Mar 3, 2015

  • Belarus' President Alexander Lukashenko, Russia's President Vladimir Putin, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel, France's President Francois Hollande, and Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko at peace talks in Minsk, February 11, 2015

    Commentary

    The Next European Flashpoints

    The West's most pressing task is to help Ukraine defend itself and survive economic catastrophe. But the West also needs a broader strategy to discourage future Russian coercion of neighbors, help them protect themselves, and counter President Vladimir Putin's false narrative about Western intentions and lack of political will.

    Feb 17, 2015

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  • EU