Policies targeting socioeconomically disadvantaged groups and those without insurance may be needed to reduce disparities in access to appropriate eye care.
Considers the effects of incorporating mortality risk, a potentially important factor to consider when deciding whether to initiate therapy for ocular hypertensives, into estimates of 5-year glaucoma risk.
Using community-partnered participatory research practices and principles, incorporates World Kidney Day objectives with community goals to develop infrastructure, shared objectives, and workgroups to reduce the burden of chronic kidney disease.
To examine the association between severity of visual field loss (VFL) and self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a population-based sample.
Overall performance of the NEI VFQ in Latino populations is adequate.
To assess the impact of unilateral and bilateral VI and its severity on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Latinos 40 years and older.
These results provide evidence supporting the validity of the RAND-UCLA method to assess the appropriateness of surgery.
Describe patterns of care for POAG and assess conformance with the American Academy of Ophthalmology's Preferred Practice Pattern (PPP).
Many eye care patients prefer to be treated by specialists with expertise in their conditions.
Evaluates the associations of presbyopia and its correction, particularly monovision optical correction, with vision-targeted health-related quality of life.
The NEI-RQL is responsive to changes in vision-targeted health-related quality of life resulting from keratorefractive surgery.
These results support the reliability and construct validity of the NEI-RQL.
Develop a questionnaire with content validity to compare the impact of different correction modes in vision-targeted, health-related quality of life.
To better inform study design decisions when sampling patients within health plans and physician practices with multiple analysis goals.
The reliability and validity of the NEI VFQ-25 are comparable to those of the 51-item NEI VFQ field test version of the survey.
Visual and hearing impairment appear to have a significant relationship to overall functioning in the oldest old.
Relationship between visual function impairment in patients had extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation
Determines how vision problems affect health status.
Examines variation in the use of procedures e.g. cataract extraction in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service (FFS) settings. The study was based on a cross-sectional analysis using 1993 Medicare claims and encounter files. The main outcome was age and risk-adjusted rates of cataract extraction per 1,000 beneficiary-years. After controlling for age, sex, and diabetes status, the authors found that FFS beneficiaries were twice as likely to undergo cataract extraction as were prepaid beneficiaries, and that female FFS beneficiaries were nearly twice as likely to undergo the procedure as were male FFS beneficiaries.
Notable gaps exist in the knowledge of critical elements of the influence of managed care on providing eye care and on patient outcomes.