Family Planning

An individual's or couple's decisions on when to have children or start a family may also have social and economic consequences on the community at large. RAND's family planning research spans various populations and socioeconomic backgrounds in Western as well as developing countries and addresses such topics as fertility and infertility, birth control, abortion, reproductive technologies, child welfare, household economic security, and community impact.

  • Young woman paying bills

    Journal Article

    Do Student Loans Delay Marriage? Debt Repayment and Family Formation in Young Adulthood

    With increasing levels of student loan debt, the path to economic stability may be less smooth than it was for earlier generations of college graduates.

    Nov 19, 2015

  • A woman listening to her doctor


    Policy Barriers to Best Practices in Women's Health

    Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods of birth control, which include the intrauterine device and subdermal implant, are highly effective, very safe, preferable to women, and cost effective. But some states' contraceptive policies create direct and indirect barriers to LARC use.

    Nov 6, 2015

  • Juba, South Sudan, February 2014: Internally displaced persons in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP Camp


    Family Planning Must Be Part of the Humanitarian Response in Africa's Conflict Zones

    Worldwide, nearly 800 women die every day due to mostly preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. More than half of these deaths occur in fragile states torn by armed conflict and generalized violence.

    Jul 1, 2015

  • College students pass out free condoms at a health fair


    Can Catholic Colleges Block Free Condom Distribution?

    If this issue were to be decided on the basis of public health benefits, the outcome would be clear: Condoms indisputably prevent both unintended pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections, writes Chloe Bird.

    Apr 23, 2013

  • birth control pills


    California Improves on Affordable Care Act by Letting RNs Dispense Birth Control

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality and cost-effective healthcare to more Americans, states may study California as a potential model for how to do more to deliver on what the Affordable Care Act has to offer women, while saving money at the same time, writes Chloe Bird.

    Oct 9, 2012

  • woman with doctor


    Supporting Comprehensive Healthcare for Women Makes Dollars, and Sense

    As we look for ways to provide efficient, high-quality, and cost-effective health care to more Americans, we can't afford to ignore women's health issues, including reproductive health care and the cost savings that contraceptive access provides, writes Chloe Bird.

    Sep 5, 2012

  • Commentary

    Celebrating Birth Control on Mother's Day? Not as Counterintuitive as It Sounds

    Reliable birth control contributed to economic development by reducing women's risk of dropping out of school associated with early childbearing and high fertility rates, contributing in turn to increases in women's labor force participation, the continuity of their careers, and the standard of living of women, children and families, writes Chloe Bird.

    May 11, 2012

  • Periodical

    How Demographic Trends Will Change the World Through 2050

    An interactive graphic shows four major global trends through 2050: the shifts in working-age populations, the rise of the oldest old, elderly dependency ratios, and youth dependency ratios.

    Jan 13, 2012

  • Woman working on TMSS supported, WB funded cucumber farming project


    Survey in Rural Bangladesh Explores Life-Cycle and Aging

    The Matlab Health and Socio-economic Survey, conducted in 1996, provides a unique microlevel data set for research on aging. In particular, these new data will support in-depth analyses — not possible with existing survey data — on interrelated topics having to do with life-cycle investments in the physical, economic, and social well-being of adults and the elderly.

    Feb 2, 2011

  • Indonesian father and baby


    Longitudinal Survey Explores Indonesian Family Life

    The Indonesian Family Life Survey is an ongoing, longitudinal survey begun in 1993 that represents about 83% of the Indonesian population and includes over 30,000 individuals living in 13 of the country's 27 provinces.

    Dec 6, 2010

  • Southeast Asian rural family


    Center for the Study of the Family in Economic Development

    RAND has been working with government officials, public agencies, and research institutions in developing countries for over thirty years. This work has included studies on economic growth and income distribution, fertility and contraception, infant mortality, child nutrition, education, health care, intrafamily resource allocation, migration, and aging.

    Sep 24, 2010

  • Southeast Asian rural family


    Survey Data Provide Insights into Malaysian Family Life

    The Malaysian Family Life Surveys were conducted in 1976-1977 and 1988-1989. The surveys collected detailed current and retrospective information on family structure, fertility, economic status, education, and more from a partially-overlapping sample of more than 4,000 individuals and households.

    Sep 17, 2010

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    Population Matters

    RAND Labor and Population Population Matters Program highlights the importance of population policy issues, and supplies a more scientific basis for public debate over population policy issues.

    Sep 3, 2010

  • Journal Article

    Why Wait? The Effect of Marriage and Childbearing on the Wages of Men and Women

    The authors use data from the earlier and later cohorts of the NLSY to estimate the effect of marriage and childbearing on wages. Estimates imply that marriage lowers female wages 2-4 percent in the year of marriage. Marriage also lowers the wage growth of men and women by about two and four percentage points, respectively. A first birth lowers female wages 2-3 percent, but has no effect on wage growth. Male wages are unaffected by childbearing. Findings suggest that early marriage and childbearing can lead to substantial decreases in lifetime earnings.

    Jan 1, 2007

  • Report

    Low Birth Rates, Aging Pose Challenges for Europe

    Across Europe, birth rates are falling and the population is aging. To successfully reverse these trends, EU governments need long-term policies that address demographic change and household behaviors.

    Aug 15, 2004

  • Report

    Changes in American Opinion about Family Planning

    The results indicate continuing high support for requiring US health insurers to cover family planning services (87 percent in 1998 and 84 percent in 2003), but some loss of support (from 80 to 69 percent) for US sponsorship of family planning programs in developing countries.

    Jan 1, 2004

  • Report

    How Does Congress Approach Population and Family Planning Issues? Results of Qualitative Interviews with Legislative Directors

    Nearly unanimous support was expressed for U.S. support of voluntary family planning when it is understood to exclude abortion. Congress would benefit from research-based, factual information on a variety of international population issues.

    Jan 1, 1999

  • Report

    The Value of Family Planning Programs in Developing Countries

    Family planning programs have been highly successful over the past 30 years in providing women in development countries with desired access to contraceptive services and helping to reduce fertility rates.

    Jan 1, 1998

  • Report

    The Contraceptive Role of Breastfeeding

    This Note reviews neurohormonal mechanisms by which breastfeeding postpones the return of ovulation and menstruation after birth, and various statistical procedures used to analyze this effect in human populations.

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    Birthspacing, Fertility, and Family Planning: Policy and Program Implications from the Malaysian Family Life Survey

    Since the 1950s, fertility has fallen in each of Malaysia's three main ethnic groups — Malays, Chinese, and Indians. This report discusses some of the factors that contributed to these fertility trends and differentials.

    Jan 1, 1981