This issue highlights the policy issues facing the next U.S. president; the problem of food, energy, and water scarcity throughout the world; and the connection between violence against women and murder.
To provide information to agencies and efforts focused on food, water, and energy resources, the RAND Corporation developed the Pardee RAND Food-Energy-Water Security Index. This report serves as the technical documentation for the index.
Thirty percent of all supermarket sales can be attributed to end-of-aisle displays, where retailers have placed more foods that increase the risk of obesity and chronic diseases. Relocating those foods to less conspicuous places would still allow those who want them to get them, but the decision to buy would be deliberate rather than impulsive.
The problem of obesity cannot be attributed to a single dietary or physiological factor, like too much sugar, too much fat, or even factors like viruses, bacteria, and endocrine disrupters. The real problem is that Americans now live in a food swamp and there is just too much food easily available.
The Guidelines for Foodborne Outbreak Response and the companion Toolkit developed by the Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) are valuable resources, according to their target audience. However, lack of resources may be a challenge when it comes to implementing the CIFOR's recommendations.
In examining the socioeconomic benefits of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Uganda, researchers find that ART helps alleviate the food insecurity of adults with HIV, which in turn may improve ART outcomes.
Restrictions on fast-food chain restaurants in South Los Angeles are not addressing the main differences between neighborhood food environments and are unlikely to improve the diet of residents or reduce obesity.
This paper reviews documented changes in the food environment, changes in the physical activity environment and the mechanisms through which people respond to these environments, often without conscious awareness or control.
Childhood overweight has increased rapidly over the last two decades. Energy-dense foods are cheaper per calorie, which could be a partial explanation for why the highest rates of obesity are observed among groups of limited economic means.
Hispanic youth are likely to attend schools surrounded by convenience stores, restaurants, or off-licenses. Middle schools have fewer surrounding businesses than high schools, and larger schools have fewer surrounding businesses than smaller schools.
This research brief summarizes information about perennial polyculture farming and discusses its potential for reducing worldwide hunger and malnutrition, reversing environmental degradation, and redressing the loss of biodiversity.
Ideally, improved agricultural practices should continue to increase food production while reducing environmental damage and other undesirable effects of current methods. Perennial polyculture farming could be an important step toward realizing that goal.