The wording of items and response options in two commonly used measures of depression and physical functioning in older adults were found to exceed the U.S. recommended readability threshold for vulnerable populations.
Service members deployed to a combat zone, especially if they have direct combat experience, are more likely to report multiple physical symptoms (MPS), poorly defined health complaints associated with more health care needs and disability.
The California Department of Industrial Relations/Division of Worker's Compensation asked RAND to help develop a fee schedule for home health services provided to injured workers. The researchers made three sets of recommendations.
Over and above absolute level, increases in self-efficacy and outcome expectancy were significant predictors of decreases in symptoms and increases in functioning. Implications for treatment are discussed, as well as future directions of research.
Patients with anxiety disorders suffer marked functional impairment in their activities of daily living. Many studies have documented that improvements in anxiety symptom severity predict functioning improvements.
A large number of chronic conditions, including cancer, are associated uniquely with decrements in health utility. The cumulative effects of comorbid conditions have substantial impact on daily functioning and well-being of Medicare beneficiaries.
Older women who live in a lower socioeconomic status neighborhood are more likely to exhibit lower cognitive functioning than women who live in more affluent neighborhoods—regardless of their own education level or income.
Functional status has a dramatic impact on life expectancy. 75-year-olds without limitations can expect to live 5 years longer than those with limitations in performing daily activities and more than 1 year longer than those with limited mobility.
Sexual behavior among adolescents with HIV-positive mothers was less prevalent than among other adolescents, but was more likely to occur with adolescent alcohol use, lack of parental monitoring, and poorer physical functioning of HIV-positive mothers.
Examines financial implications of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Hierarchical Condition Categories risk-adjustment model on Medicare payments for individuals with comorbid chronic conditions. Some payments were underpredicted.