Through a variety of programs and policies, numerous stakeholders have attempted to promote health and wellness as a way to improve public health and reduce rising health care costs. RAND experts have examined workplace wellness programs, the effects of neighborhood characteristics — such as parks or grocery stores — on health and wellness, policy options for reducing obesity rates, and community substance abuse prevention programs.
Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
Health programs run by religious congregations may be small-scale, but congregations are skilled at identifying local needs that are going unmet.
This article evaluates the impact of 2 types of state-level policies on the availability of competitive foods in a national sample of schools.
Lowering the costs of healthy foods in supermarkets increases the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods that people eat, while also appearing to reduce consumption of nutritionally less-desirable foods.
Webinar on Data-Driven Program Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation: Getting to Outcomes (GTO) for Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) Programs
This webinar explains how Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) program investments relate to short-term and long-term goals using a PEI Logic Model framework.
This study examines the effect of a price reduction for healthy food items on household grocery shopping behavior among members of South Africa's largest health plan.
The finding that park programming is the most important correlate of park use and park-based physical activity suggests that there are opportunities for facilitating physical activity among populations of both high- and low-poverty areas.
This article reports interim findings from a randomized controlled trial evaluating Assets-Getting To Outcomes (AGTO)
The goal of this paper is to document and evaluate the process of implementing an evidence-based depression intervention in community settings through the use of community-academic partnered approaches.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Incentives to participate in wellness programs or reach health-related targets are popular, but could expose employers and insurers to litigation risk because incentives might violate state and federal insurance, anti-discrimination, or privacy laws.
Evidence suggests that subsidizing healthier foods tends to be effective in modifying dietary behavior. However, future studies should examine its long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness at the population level and its impact on overall diet intake.
Retail clinics play a growing role in delivering vaccinations to Americans, and vaccinations constitute a substantial share of retail clinic business.
The results of this work provide a useful insight into economic costs of running local Walking for Health schemes, and the overarching national support programme.
Evidence suggests that probiotics are associated with a reduction in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD).
Many policy measures to control the obesity epidemic assume that people consciously and rationally choose what and how much they eat and therefore focus on providing information and more access to healthier foods.
This paper reviews some of the evidence that dietary behaviours are, in large part, the consequence of automatic responses to contextual food cues, many of which lead to increased caloric consumption and poor dietary choices.
PepsiCo's comprehensive health and wellness program increased medical costs for participants in the first year, but reduced costs in the following years.
Findings of this study suggest special attentions to be paid to the potential detrimental impact of major recessions on physical activity.