Through a variety of programs and policies, numerous stakeholders have attempted to promote health and wellness as a way to improve public health and reduce rising health care costs. RAND experts have examined workplace wellness programs, the effects of neighborhood characteristics — such as parks or grocery stores — on health and wellness, policy options for reducing obesity rates, and community substance abuse prevention programs.
In a large employee wellness program offered by PepsiCo, efforts to help employees manage chronic illnesses saved $3.78 in health care costs for every $1 invested in the effort. However, the program's lifestyle management components that encourage healthy living did not deliver returns that were higher than the costs.
In this commentary, we argue that financial incentives are only one of many key components that employers should consider when designing and implementing a workplace wellness program.
Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
Health programs run by religious congregations may be small-scale, but congregations are skilled at identifying local needs that are going unmet.
The recent passage of the Affordable Care Act has heightened the importance of workplace wellness programs. This paper used administrative data from 2002 to 2007 for PepsiCo's self-insured plan members to evaluate the effect of its wellness program on medical costs and utilization.
This article evaluates the impact of 2 types of state-level policies on the availability of competitive foods in a national sample of schools.
Lowering the costs of healthy foods in supermarkets increases the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods that people eat, while also appearing to reduce consumption of nutritionally less-desirable foods.
Webinar on Data-Driven Program Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation: Getting to Outcomes (GTO) for Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) Programs
This webinar explains how Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) program investments relate to short-term and long-term goals using a PEI Logic Model framework.
This study examines the effect of a price reduction for healthy food items on household grocery shopping behavior among members of South Africa's largest health plan.
The finding that park programming is the most important correlate of park use and park-based physical activity suggests that there are opportunities for facilitating physical activity among populations of both high- and low-poverty areas.
This article reports interim findings from a randomized controlled trial evaluating Assets-Getting To Outcomes (AGTO)
The goal of this paper is to document and evaluate the process of implementing an evidence-based depression intervention in community settings through the use of community-academic partnered approaches.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Incentives to participate in wellness programs or reach health-related targets are popular, but could expose employers and insurers to litigation risk because incentives might violate state and federal insurance, anti-discrimination, or privacy laws.
Evidence suggests that subsidizing healthier foods tends to be effective in modifying dietary behavior. However, future studies should examine its long-term effectiveness and cost-effectiveness at the population level and its impact on overall diet intake.
Although some members of the health professional community have called for changes to the food environment in the community in which they live, they have paid less attention to the quality of food served at hospitals, physician offices, and at conferences.
Interventions that address potentially detrimental consequences of low socioeconomic status and adverse school environments may help reduce racial and ethnic differences in child health.
Retail clinics—which provide health care within supermarkets, pharmacies, and stores—are a promising and popular venue for the promotion and administration of vaccinations. However, they could become more viable by reviewing patient histories and providing counsel about vaccination benefits.
The results of this work provide a useful insight into economic costs of running local Walking for Health schemes, and the overarching national support programme.