To support U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) efforts to create a strategic plan for suicide prevention research, a RAND study examined the current research, DoD's strategic needs, and ways to narrow the research-practice gap in disseminating findings.
The PROMIS Smoking Initiative developed an assessment toolkit that enables the measurement of current adult smokers' standing in domains of importance to smoking research, including nicotine dependence and using smoking to cope with stress.
Students have negative attitudes about school fountains. To increase overall water intake, it may be important to promote and improve drinking water sources not only at school but also at home and in other community environments.
Just like U.S. civilians, those serving in the Air Force use the Internet, email, texting, and social media for entertainment and to stay in touch with friends and family. But technology use can be disruptive, and “addiction” could signal broader issues.
RAND researchers looking at the growth of obesity rates over time found that the epidemic has been fueled by historically low food prices relative to income and constant availability, which have driven high consumption.
The problem of obesity cannot be attributed to a single dietary or physiological factor, like too much sugar, too much fat, or even factors like viruses, bacteria, and endocrine disrupters. The real problem is that Americans now live in a food swamp and there is just too much food easily available.
Assesses the results of a statewide survey to determine language differences among California adults' exposure to suicide prevention messaging, confidence to intervene with someone at risk of suicide, and resource preferences.
The possible effects of families on health and mortality is an extremely complex topic. No single study or type of study is exactly a test of the argument. We need more studies that advance possible interpretations and describe patterns of associations in broad populations of interest.
Gaining a better understanding of the factors that influence the evidence-based treatment sustainment may lead to more effective dissemination strategies and ultimately improve the quality of care being delivered in community-based addiction treatment settings.
Initial findings suggest highly educated children contribute to the parents' longevity. Encouraging better parental health habits, providing access to resources and information, and delivering higher-quality care are some possible explanations for this correlation.
Increasing performance of public schools in low-income communities may be a powerful mechanism to decrease very risky health behaviors among low-income adolescents and to decrease health disparities across the life span.
Researchers from RAND will study the issues related to potentially legalizing the production, distribution, and possession of marijuana in Vermont. Beau Kilmer met with state Secretary of Administration Jeb Spaulding and other officials this week to discuss the study.
As hard as it can be to make time for exercise, failing to do so isn't a time-saver. It might seem so for a day or two, but you will feel the result of not exercising in the reductions in your energy, ability to focus and cope, and in your quality of sleep.
This fact sheet summarizes findings from a baseline statewide survey of Californians regarding their knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes regarding the mental health issues that are the focus of the state' prevention and early intervention program.