Education and training can play a significant role in determining health care professionals' proficiency with the most recent interventions and technologies. Training programs and policies also have important implications for labor market issues in the health care sector. RAND examines how education and training relate to care delivery and quality of care throughout the health care industry.
Foreign-educated and foreign-born health workers constitute a sizable and important portion of the US health care workforce. We review the distribution of these workers and their countries of origin, and we summarize the literature concerning their contributions to US health care.
Efforts to close the primary care workforce gap typically employ one of three basic strategies: train more primary care physicians; boost the supply of nurse practitioners or physician assistants, or both; or use community health workers to extend the reach of primary care physicians.
Our article focuses on the specific implications of US health reform for internal medicine GME. We describe the required competencies that will allow tomorrow's comprehensive primary care internist to thrive in a proactive US care system.
As health care reforms emphasize prevention and introduce new models of care delivery, registered nurses will become even more important to addressing Americans' health care needs.
In the setting of traditional residency training programs, physician-scientists are often limited in their ability to pursue research training goals while meeting clinical training requirements.
In mental health care, consumer providers (CPs) are individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) who draw upon their lived experiences while providing services to others with SMI. Implementation of CPs has proven to be challenging in a variety of settings.
KL2 programs and institutional programs tend to have different preferences for policies versus activities to optimize qualification of mentors, the mentor-mentee relationship, incentives, and evaluation mechanisms.
This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease.
In the 1960s, a new paradigm for training physicians emerged: one that combined clinical training and its focus on individual patients with a research training focused on studying the health of populations.
Pediatric residents who support further reductions in work-hours believe reductions have positive effects on patient care, education, and quality of life.
Appropriate use of existing diagnostic tests for infections, and development of better ones, could reduce overuse of antibacterial drugs.
Combining the best elements of academic medical centers and community health centers could deliver high-quality, cost-effective care to low-income Americans while training the next generation of health care professionals.
This commentary argues that it is timely to reengage physicians in the discussion of international comparative data about health care and to ask why the United States is so provincial in designing the systems by which care is delivered.
Most Massachusetts physician groups are using results from a statewide patient survey to help improve patient experiences, but a significant number are not making use of the information or are making relatively limited efforts.
This study aimed to explore the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in undergraduate medical education in developing countries.
New recommendations to limit the fatigue and workload of medical residents could cost the nation's teaching hospitals about $1.6 billion annually. These measures' effectiveness at preventing medical errors and patient harm is unknown and would not mitigate their high net costs to the hospitals.
A RAND/John A. Hartford Foundation initiative, Building Interdisciplinary Geriatric Health Care Research Centers, seeks to promote such research through developing innovative clinical and health services interventions. Interdisciplinary education, mentoring, and training opportunities, particularly for junior investigators, are the critical components necessary to foster multiprofessional research endeavors.
The authors believe the best way to enhance effectiveness is to build education into the system rather than rely on a separate system for education.
Although the concept of altruism in medicine has a long tradition in Western thought, little empirical research has been carried out recently in this area.
SES impacts future health outcomes, although the primary influence is education and not an individual's financial resources.