Alleviation of major depression among a sample of Ugandans with HIV was associated with better work functioning, which suggests that integrating care for depression and HIV may improve the economic well-being of people living with HIV.
Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for disproportionately high hospital use. Researchers developed a structured, reproducible process for the creation of intervention strategies to reduce hospitalizations among CMC.
Surgeons successfully delivered a brief smoking cessation intervention to patients preparing for peripheral artery disease surgery; initial results suggest the pre-surgery period may be a “teachable moment” for encouraging patients to quit smoking.
RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of meditation interventions to provide estimates of their efficacy and safety in treating adults diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Presence of depression at the start of HIV antiretroviral therapy can affect whether patients take their medications, which suggests that screening and early treatment could help boost rates of medication adherence.