RAND advances understanding of health and health behaviors and examines how the organization and financing of care affect costs, quality, and access. RAND's body of research—conducted primarily through the RAND Health division—includes innovative studies of health insurance, health care reform, health information technology, and women's health, as well as topical concerns such as obesity, complementary and alternative medicine, and PTSD in veterans and survivors of catastrophe.
With the complex process of implementing the ACA underway, RAND research is tracking the progress of implementation and assessing the potential consequences of choices facing federal and state governments, employers, families, and individuals.
In its second term, the Obama Administration can restrain further health care spending growth—without compromising quality—by employing four broad strategies: fostering efficient and accountable providers, engaging and empowering consumers, promoting population health, and facilitating high-value innovation.
California's Mental Health Services Act emphasizes stigma and discrimination reduction. Researchers examined whether this effort changed the public perception of mental illness and the individual experience of stigma.
Ongoing efforts to profile physicians on their relative cost of care have been criticized because they do not account for differences in patients' socioeconomic status (SES).
Viewing tobacco ads in retail locations may be associated with higher smoking risk. The tobacco industry has begun using these promotions more than traditional channels, such as billboards and magazines.
Data confirm that boys engage in more direct aggression than girls. Direct aggression is also related to externalizing problems, poor peer relations, and low prosocial behavior.
Based on insurance claims for nine common outpatient services in consumer-directed health plans (CDHPs), researchers found no evidence that those with lower expected medical expenses engaged in more price shopping. Consumers did not engage in more price shopping before reaching the CDHP deductible, either.
More physician-patient discussions about dietary supplements could help inform patient decisions. Physicians should address the risks, effectiveness, and costs of supplements.
Insomnia is very common, but most of its sufferers don't receive a diagnosis or treatment. However, educating primary care providers and other professionals about insomnia can help.
Questionnaires suggest similar levels of satisfaction between patrons of mail-pharmacy services and those using traditional pharmacy services.
Developing a conceptual framework for estimating the value of personalized medicines shows two sources of value: a market-expansion effect, and a market-contraction effect due to discontinuation of treatment by persons unresponsive to treatment.
To prevent and respond to falls, many hospitals employ numerous techniques, including patient education, bed-exit alarms, post-fall evaluations, and more. However, better reporting of outcomes, implementation, adherence, and interventions is necessary to establish evidence on how hospitals can best prevent falls.
The monetary cost of dementia in the United States ranges from $157 billion to $215 billion annually, making the disease more costly to the nation than either heart disease or cancer. The greatest cost is associated with providing institutional and home-based long-term care rather than medical services.
Merchants who engage in state-approved “responsible beverage service” training are more likely to believe they'll be cited for selling alcohol to minors. Therefore, targeting merchant attitudes could be a successful way to encourage them to check IDs.
Improvements in provider-patient communication can enhance efficiency and lead to higher-quality care. However, the success of communication interventions depends largely on the motivation and skill of the participating providers.
A study of Taiwan's system of universal National Health Insurance (NHI) found its introduction was associated in a reduction in deaths considered amenable to health care, particularly among those age groups least likely to have been insured previously.
In the age of austerity, Fire and Rescue Services (FRS) provision is now the focus of policymakers' efficiency drives.
This article evaluates the impact of 2 types of state-level policies on the availability of competitive foods in a national sample of schools.
A team from RAND and the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) developed a toolkit to help hospitals enhance their quality improvement efforts using quality indicators from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
The study explores whether and how lifetime violence exposure is related to a set of negative symptoms: child internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, child trauma symptoms, and parenting stress.
Health and development organizations increasingly promote livelihood interventions to improve health and economic outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) receiving treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Increases in obesity rates based on self-reported height and weight are likely to reflect actual weight increases and are not inflated by changes in reporting accuracy.