Infancy—the period of life from birth to age 1—is associated with a unique set of public policy issues related to babies' health, development, and welfare. RAND's research on infants spans a wide range of topics for this brief but important period of life, including infant mortality, low birth weight, neonatal care, immunizations, breastfeeding and feeding practices, and cognitive development.
Home visiting programs can help parents address the struggles of caring for young children by matching them with trained professionals who can support the development of quality parenting skills.
In 2010, the California Early Learning Quality Improvement System Advisory Committee recommended a structure for a voluntary quality rating and improvement system (QRIS) that could apply to the state's licensed centers and licensed family child care homes. Researchers examined fundamentals of the proposed QRIS rating scheme that could inform California's QRIS design.
California has taken steps to implement components of a comprehensive professional development system for its early child education workforce. However, further advances are needed and more information is required to identify possible inefficiencies in the current system.
Researchers describe child care and early learning arrangements for the approximately 2.8 million California children ages 0 to 5 who are younger than the age at which they would enter kindergarten.
Including child assessments in the design, implementation, and evaluation of quality rating and improvement systems or other quality improvement efforts could improve practice and raise care quality for early childhood education.
What can governments do to address the demographic challenge? RAND Europe examines population ageing: consequences and possible solutions.
Gathers information on the provision of neonatal services in Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, United States, Canada, Sweden and Australia. It was produced to support the National Audit Office's Value for Money study of neonatal services in England.
Develops a method to assess racial and ethnic disparities in birth outcomes and shows that the importance of risk factors and birth outcome measures varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and time.
Presents a review and synthesis of current research that addresses the potential for various forms of early childhood intervention to improve outcomes for participating children and their families.
This book presents estimates of the cost of providing care in DoD-operated Child Development Centers(CDCs), Family Child Care (FCC) homes, and centers operated by outside providers under contract to the DoD.
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors' Long-Term Family Self-Sufficiency Plan (LTFSS) is given baseline trends for five indicators — low birth weight births, domestic violence arrests, annual income under poverty level, personal behaviors ...
This paper examines demographic trends in Egypt in terms of how present and future challenges affect the nation and how addressing them will benefit it.
An assessment of the effects on human health of reclaimed water. The results of the study do not provide evidence of an association between reclaimed water and adverse birth outcomes.
If global fertility has declined so sharply, should the United States and other donor countries continue to invest in overseas population assistance programs, particularly family planning?
This report examines the implementation and outcomes of the Military Child Care Act of 1989 (MCCA).
The report will be of value to all persons interested in the treatment costs of VLBW infants and Medicaid expenditures for their care.
This study examines prenatal care to determine which elements improve birth outcomes.
To increase access to obstetric services and relieve the pressure on the Los Angeles County public health system, the Southern California Health Policy Research Consortium designed the Prenatal and OB Access project.
Studies of racial and ethnic differentials in birth outcomes require accurate identification of the race and ethnicity of infants in the study samples.
This report describes the California Medicaid program between 1980 and 1987 with special reference to prenatal and infant care.