Infectious Diseases

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    Report

    The Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    Dec 11, 2014

    More and more bacterial and viral infections are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. But no new classes of antibiotics have entered the market for more than 25 years. Researchers estimate that failing to address this issue will mean a lower world population in 2050 than expected and at least $2 trillion in lost global GDP.

Explore Infectious Diseases

  • Report

    RAND Review: March-April 2015

    This issue of RAND Review reports on American jihadists and the threat of homegrown terrorism in Europe, drug-resistant superbugs and the economic costs of antimicrobial resistance, profiling, resilient cities, and recent philanthropic gifts to RAND.

    Mar 4, 2015

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

    Essay

    The New Drug Wars

    Modern medicine is built on the promise that antibiotics will clear away the bacteria that made everything from skin infections to surgery potentially lethal just a few generations ago. But drug-resistant strains of disease have spread in recent years.

    Mar 3, 2015

  • News Release

    New Tool Can Help Identify Nations That May Be Vulnerable to Ebola or Other Public Health Emergencies

    Public health experts can identify nations that are vulnerable to the occurrence and impact of future outbreaks of Ebola or other emergencies by using a screening tool that evaluates a nation's strengths across a wide range of measures such as political strength and health care capabilities.

    Mar 3, 2015

  • Journal Article

    The Volume-Quality Relationship in Antibiotic Prescribing: When More Isn't Better

    The impact of volume on more common medical conditions such as acute respiratory infections (ARIs) has not been examined.

    Feb 25, 2015

  • Government health workers administering blood tests for the Ebola virus in Kenema, Sierra Leone, June 2014

    Report

    Mitigating the Impact of Ebola in Potential Hot Zones

    The experiences of African countries that successfully contained Ebola early can be informative for government officials, international organizations, and aid agencies seeking to capture the underlying factors that affect countries' resilience to such outbreaks and can help them prepare for high-risk scenarios.

    Feb 23, 2015

  • High-resolution 3D rendering of bacteria under a scanning microscope

    Commentary

    Ringing the Alarm Bell for Antimicrobial Resistance

    The increase in the number of bacterial and viral infections that are resistant to antimicrobial drugs poses a growing global health threat. Recent economic modeling demonstrates the enormous potential costs of these "superbugs."

    Feb 20, 2015

  • A health worker demonstrates putting on protective gear in a Red Cross facility in Koidu, Sierra Leone, December 18, 2014

    Report

    Learning While Doing: Applying Lessons Learned During Public Health Emergencies

    Response efforts to the 2014 Ebola outbreak highlighted both strengths and weaknesses. Researchers have created a tool that may help inform and guide ongoing efforts in the midst of similar public health emergencies, rather than after the fact.

    Feb 13, 2015

  • Microscopic view of the Ebola virus

    Report

    Assessing Options for Public Health Emergency Planning and Response

    When public health emergencies arise, policymakers must assess and compare interventions to determine the best way forward. Using Ebola as an example, RAND developed a simple, practical, proof-of-concept tool that may fill gaps in a decisionmaker's ability to systematically assess options in a public health emergency.

    Feb 9, 2015

  • Health care professional washing his hands and arms

    Journal Article

    A Decade of Investment in Infection Prevention: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

    Multifaceted Health care-associated infection (HAI) prevention programs are cost-effective. Our results underscore the importance of maintaining ongoing investments in HAI prevention.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • Journal Article

    Impact of Antidepressant Therapy on Cognitive Aspects of Work, Condom Use, and Psychosocial Well-Being Among HIV Clients in Uganda

    The authors assessed the impact of antidepressant therapy on measures of work, condom use, and psychosocial well-being among depressed HIV clients in Uganda.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • Health workers don protective gear before entering an Ebola quarantine zone at a Red Cross facility in Koidu, Sierra Leone, December 19, 2014

    Commentary

    What Have We Learned from the Ebola Outbreak?

    For much of 2014, the world has confronted the most deadly Ebola outbreak since the discovery of the disease in 1976. What lessons have emerged? What should the world do to better prepare for transnational outbreaks?

    Dec 31, 2014

  • Doctor administering vaccination to patient

    Journal Article

    The Relationship Between Influenza Vaccination Habits and Location of Vaccination

    Medical settings are still best at capturing individuals who are not in the habit of getting regular influenza vaccinations.

    Dec 23, 2014

  • Syringe and vaccine medicine

    Report

    The Economic Costs of Antimicrobial Resistance

    More and more bacterial and viral infections are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. But no new classes of antibiotics have entered the market for more than 25 years. Researchers estimate that failing to address this issue will mean a lower world population in 2050 than expected and at least $2 trillion in lost global GDP.

    Dec 10, 2014

  • Participants practice a medical procedure on a dummy arm during training for the Ebola response team at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas, October 24, 2014

    Commentary

    Ebola Shows America Needs Better Disaster Preparedness

    Crafting an effective, whole-community strategy to respond to Ebola could stop the spread of the disease now and lay groundwork for responses to future outbreaks and other emergencies. In the long run, this could make public preparedness and resilience valuable assets for the U.S.

    Nov 7, 2014

  • A protestor demonstrates in favor of a travel ban to stop the spread of Ebola, in front of the White House, October 16, 2014

    Blog

    Your Questions on Ebola, Answered

    Melinda Moore, a RAND public health physician and senior researcher, hosted an “Ask Me Anything” session on Reddit to answer questions about Ebola, including whether a U.S. travel ban would help prevent the spread of the deadly disease.

    Oct 21, 2014

  • U.S. Army soldiers, earmarked for the fight against Ebola, put on protective suits during training before their deployment to West Africa, October 9, 2014

    Commentary

    Declaring War on Ebola

    Operation United Assistance, which includes the deployment of 3,000 U.S. military personnel to West Africa to respond to the Ebola crisis, is a welcome recognition of the range of missions the military is increasingly able to tackle, particularly in disaster-management assistance.

    Oct 10, 2014

  • A burial team wearing protective clothing prepares to enter the home a person suspected of having died from Ebola in Freetown, Sierra Leone, September 28, 2014

    Commentary

    Ebola Outbreak: Putting the Public Back in Public Health

    Medical and public health systems are crucial to controlling the transmission of Ebola and treating patients. But the public's role in becoming aware and engaged, both in West Africa and the United States, cannot be overstated.

    Oct 9, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Updated Guidelines for the Control of Legionella in Western Pennsylvania

    The purpose of these updated guidelines is to provide interested persons and organizations in western Pennsylvania with updated information on Legionella and how to minimize its occurrence and impact in people and in the environment.

    Oct 1, 2014

  • A girl is tested for malaria at an MSF clinic in Tomping camp, where some 17,000 displaced people who fled their homes are being sheltered by the United Nations, in Juba, South Sudan

    Commentary

    Probing the Barriers to Conducting Clinical Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Developing clinical research in sub-Saharan Africa requires a more holistic approach that considers not only individuals and institutions concerned with clinical research but also the wider health and research systems in these countries.

    Sep 19, 2014

  • black doctor and microscope

    Project

    Exploring the Current State of Health Research in Sub-Saharan Africa

    While funding is the key problem, clinical researchers seeking to combat infectious diseases in sub-Saharan Africa cite the lack of policymaker understanding of the importance of their work as a major barrier, above lack of human resources and lack of infrastructure.

    Sep 19, 2014

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