RAND research addresses the challenges of developing, managing, and protecting energy, transportation, water, communications, and other critical infrastructure throughout the world.
Mileage-fee rates could be structured to reduce congestion, harmful emissions and excessive road wear, and the enabling technology could support a range of value-added services offering greater convenience and safety for motorists, writes Keith Crane.
PACT is a three year project that aims to understand more fully the public perception of security, privacy, and surveillance across the 27 European Member States (EU27).
This paper presents a review of promising mileage-fee design and implementation strategies intended to reduce system costs and foster greater public acceptance.
Many objective robust decision making (MORDM) combines concepts and methods from many objective evolutionary optimization and robust decision making (RDM), along with extensive use of interactive visual analytics, to facilitate the management of complex environmental systems.
A review some of the provisions of the European Commission's 2013 proposals for a Network and Information Security Directive highlights specific concerns, including the relationship of incident notification achieving the outcomes of the directive, potential for overlapping regulation and definitions of covered entities.
Measuring community preparedness and resilience is a challenge. A study of measures of partnership, self-sufficiency, and social connectedness, as well as gaps and opportunities in the measurement of community preparedness and resilience, found major limitations in existing data.
Ho Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may not work if climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from earlier projections. Robust decisionmaking can help Vietnam's capital develop integrated flood risk management strategies despite this uncertainty.
The announced plan to restructure China's maritime law enforcement agencies represents an important effort by Chinese authorities to streamline a poorly-managed maritime law enforcement bureaucracy increasingly involved in China's maritime territorial disputes.
The participation of East Asian militaries in international disaster relief is a relatively new phenomenon with many implications. These militaries are growing their proficiency in disaster relief operations by engaging in three observed types of aid: delivery, provision, and distribution.
Women living in more compact communities had a lower probability of experiencing a coronary heart disease (CHD) event or dying as a result of CHD.
Using zoning laws to shape the type of development and activity that occur in a neighborhood may be one way to reduce crime in urban areas. Single-use commercially zoned blocks in Los Angeles have crime rates that are 45 percent higher than similar blocks that include residential uses.
The sharing and exchange of information between Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and the law enforcement community in Europe face several legal and operational barriers. This report offers recommendations for CERTs, law enforcement, and policymakers in Brussels.
In examining the socioeconomic benefits of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Uganda, researchers find that ART helps alleviate the food insecurity of adults with HIV, which in turn may improve ART outcomes.
This book provides an international perspective on improving information to support transportation decision making.
Advances in technology are blurring the boundary between the delivery of communication via physical and electronic means.
Increasing digitalization and the evolution of the Internet have had, and are still having, an impact on the demand for postal services.
The paper addresses the issue of how small time savings are handled in the appraisal of transport proposals.
Trips longer than 50 mi account for less than one-fortieth of all trips but nearly one-third of all distance traveled within Great Britain. Because of the small proportion of all travel that they form, long-distance trips may not be adequately represented in national databases and models.
STREAM is a process that transportation agencies can use to identify, assess, shape, and adopt new and emerging technologies to help achieve long-term system performance objectives. The process reflects relevant trends in technologies and their applications and is designed to help transportation agencies anticipate, adapt to, and shape the future.
The development of an assets framework which identifies relevant nongovernmental resources for disaster preparedness and response and assesses their availability at state and local levels found that the capacity of each sector to capture data needs strengthening.
This analysis used peer-reviewed literature, relevant policy, and federal guidance to characterize the capabilities of nongovernmental organizations, factors that determine their involvement, and key services they provide during disaster response and recovery.