Sentencing decisions—from community orders in the UK to mental health courts, mandatory minimum sentences, and "three strikes" laws in the United States—are increasingly under the microscope to lower crime rates and reduce recidivism. RAND has conducted evaluations of specific sentencing and corrections policies since well before the first three-strikes laws passed in 1994, and has reported on the costs and benefits of various sentencing laws, including whether they do in fact reduce crime.
At a time when government finances are stretched there is growing interest in finding new ways to fund public services. In 2010 the first ever Social Impact Bond was launched in the UK to provide investors who had funded government interventions for imprisoned offenders with a portion of the resultant savings.
The U.K. National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to conduct this review to identify and synthesize international research about the effectiveness of community orders in reducing re-offending.
Assess current U.S. policy regarding the International Criminal Court and discusses the effectiveness of other, perhaps more robust, policies.
Presents findings from a fiscal impact study of the Allegheny County Mental Health Court. At one-year follow-up, decreased jail costs approximately offset increased treatment costs. By the end of two years, MHC may result in net savings to taxpayers.
Examines the characteristics of California and Arizona offenders who ultimately ended up in prison on low-level drug charges.
The impacts of Measure 11 on crime and its prosecution in Oregon.
Testimony presented to the Subcommittee on Crime of the House Committee on the Judiciary on July 29, 1999.
The authors of the current study examine mandatory minimum drug sentences from the viewpoint of cost-effectiveness at achieving such national drug control objectives as reducing cocaine consumption and cocaine-related crime.
The authors report on the benefits and costs of California's new mandatory-sentencing law, which provides for progressively longer sentences with an increasing number of prior convictions for serious felonies.
To shed new light on the history of correctional education in America and on the implications of that history for reform in correctional education in the 1990s, this Note identifies some general tendencies in the history of correctional education ...
Discusses the distinction between racial disparity and racial discrimination; summarizes what is known about racial bias in capital and non-capital cases; and points out the reasons that the serious limitations of the research methods in this field...
Jury verdicts directly affect the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in the United States every year and serve a bellwether function in plea bargaining and settlement negotiations.
Describes a number of new programs that have been developed nationwide in response to crowding in prisons and jails.
This paper was originally presented at a symposium on consent decrees, and appeared in the University of Chicago Legal Forum, Vol. 1987. It explores the growing interest in consent degrees, by which lawsuits are resolved with the issuance of a judgme...
Examines the accuracy of both assumptions and the implications for policies regarding the length of sentences imposed.
This paper is the text of a briefing presented to the U.S. Department of Justice on the results of research performed at RAND and published in RAND/R-3186-NIJ, Granting Felons Probation: Public Risks and Alternatives.
Represents the first systematic research on felony probationers. It is based on data on individuals convicted of selected serious felonies in Superior Court in California, who would have been likely candidates for prison.
Presents a case study of one of the most controversial actions of the 1981-1982 California legislative sessions: passage of mandatory prejudgment interest on personal injury awards (SB 203).
In recent years, courts and legislatures have used rules that shift liability for court costs and attorneys' fees to plaintiffs or defendants to achieve two different objectives: to encourage litigation by particular plaintiffs ...
Reviews the background, effects, and problems of California's Uniform Determinate Sentencing Act, passed in 1976 with subsequent amendments. The act defined sentencing policies, acted to stabilize the prison population and the lengths of prison term...