• Syrian refugee children draw inside a makeshift school, supported by UNICEF and in cooperation with the Beyond Association, in Zahle, Lebanon, October 22, 2014


    Urgent Attention Is Needed to Improve Education for Refugee Children from Syria

    Only half of Syrian refugee children have access to education, with nearly 700,000 not attending any formal education in Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan. Classes are overcrowded and teachers are inexperienced in handling classroom conditions that include traumatized students, some of whom have missed years of school.

    Nov 23, 2015

  • A woman carries a baby inside Al-Karameh refugee camp beside the Syrian-Turkish border, January 10, 2015


    Syrian Refugees: A Blessing in Disguise?

    To avoid further resentment and restrictions on Syrians desperate to escape their war-torn country, as well as the instability such attitudes generate, the international community must work with host governments to increase and highlight the benefits refugee populations can bring to neighboring states.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • Girls attend a class at the Bab Al-Salam refugee camp in Azaz, near the Syrian-Turkish border, November 19, 2014


    Don't Let Education Be a Casualty in the Syrian Civil War

    At least half of Syrian refugee children aren't in school. Those who are face risks to the quality of education they receive, a risk they share with host-country children. But by making long-term investments, the international community can help ensure education isn't another casualty of the war.

    Jan 21, 2015

  • A Syrian refugee and her newborn baby at a clinic in Ramtha, Jordan


    The Health Needs of Syrian Women in and Around the Za'atari Refugee Camp

    The Syrian conflict has been the main contributor to the largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide—and the problem can be expected to get worse as the fighting continues. Small steps are being taken to meet the needs of women refugees but more needs to be done.

    Oct 13, 2014

  • Syrian refugees walk amid damage and the remains of tents that were burnt in the fighting between Lebanese army soldiers and Islamist militants in the Sunni Muslim border town of Arsal, August 9, 2014


    To Fight ISIS, Make Peace with Syria's Assad

    To disrupt al-Baghdadi's advance, the United States and its allies should start by addressing the source of the problem — the conflict in Syria. They can begin by negotiating a truce with President Bashar Assad to stop the fighting in Syria.

    Aug 14, 2014

  • Door with poster of Ahmadinejad, Assad, and Nasrallah


    Why Iran Is Trying to Save the Syrian Regime

    Tehran views Syria as a strategic gateway to the Arab world, a bulwark against American and Israeli power, and, perhaps most importantly, a crucial link to Lebanese Hezbollah, writes Alireza Nader.

    Apr 25, 2013

  • Report

    Historical Lessons for Creating Local Defense Forces for Afghanistan and Beyond

    Lessons learned from past cases of local defense forces used in the context of counterinsurgency—in Indochina, Algeria, South Vietnam, Oman, El Salvador, Southern Lebanon, Afghanistan, and Iraq—can be applied to the current development of the Afghan Local Police.

    Sep 18, 2012

  • News Release

    Israeli Mistakes Against Hybrid Adversaries Serve as Cautionary Tale for U.S. Military

    A review of recent Israeli military conflicts indicates the United States may be ill-prepared for "hybrid" warfare against state-sponsored adversaries who have a modicum of training and small force numbers, but possess advanced weapons and enough expertise to challenge the U.S. military.

    Jan 20, 2012

  • News Release

    Flawed Strategy, Not a 'Failure of Air Power,' Led to Israel's Disappointing Performance in 2006 Lebanon War

    Israel's disappointing performance in its war against Hezbollah in Lebanon in 2006 did not reflect a "failure of air power," but rather a failure of Israel's political and military leaders to properly assess the enemy, set achievable goals, apply an effective strategy and adequately manage public expectations.

    May 23, 2011

  • Commentary

    Lebanon Vote Tilts to the West

    The result of the June 7 parliamentary elections in Lebanon is a boon for the U.S., but it would be well-advised to play for the long term in Lebanon with a pragmatic policy that deals with the reality of Hezbollah's political power while continuing to strengthen moderate forces and national institutions, write Aram Nerguizian and Ghassan Schbley.

    Jun 10, 2009

  • Commentary

    Hezbollah's Armory Up for Debate

    Hezbollah's recent flexing of its muscles in Lebanon may well lead to an unintended effect: the long-overdue disarming of the militant group, write Theodore W. Karasik and Ghassan Schbley.

    Jun 12, 2008

  • Commentary

    U.S. Mideast Setbacks

    Published commentary by RAND staff: U.S. Mideast Setbacks, in United Press International.

    Sep 2, 2006

  • Commentary

    Lebanon's Sectarian Aftershocks

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Lebanon's Sectarian Aftershocks, in United Press International.

    Aug 8, 2006

  • Commentary

    Bombing Boon...

    Published commentary by RAND staff: Bombing Boon... in the Washington Times.

    Jul 30, 2006

  • Report

    U.S. policy options to the hostage crisis in Lebanon

    The execution of American hostage Lt. Col. William Higgins has again underscored the power that a handful of Middle Eastern terrorists holds over the United States. The legacy of one presidency destroyed by its inability to free American diplomats h...

    Jan 1, 1989

  • Report

    Shi'a Terrorism, the Conflict in Lebanon and the Hijacking of TWA Flight 847

    This paper reviews the background of the traditional sectarian rivalries and present internal power struggle for control of Lebanon in an effort to explain why the United States is the target of a terrorist campaign being waged by Lebanese Shi'a extremists.

    Jan 1, 1985

  • Report

    The siege mentality in Beirut: an historical analogy between the British in Palestine and the Americans in Lebanon

    This paper recounts experiences of the British Army in 1947 in Palestine, where they were, like the U.S. Marines during 1983 in Lebanon, deployed in urban areas and subjected to hit-and-run attacks by an anonymous adversary. The response of the Briti...

    Jan 1, 1984

  • People

    Amanda Kadlec

    Project Associate
    Education M.A. in international affairs, George Washington University; M.A. in foreign policy, George Washington University; B.S. in finance, St. Louis University