Modeling and Simulation


Researchers frequently require a quantitative understanding of the likely consequences of different actions before they can advise decisionmakers and design effective policies. RAND develops and uses statistical, econometric, and other exploratory models and simulations to analyze the potential outcomes of different policies in a range of areas such as transportation usage, health care, patient safety, and military campaigns.

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    Understanding Preferences Through Choice Modeling and Valuation

    Jul 14, 2010

    RAND Europe's "Choice Modelling and Valuation" group provides specific expertise in using discrete choice modeling methods to understand and predict choice behavior as a result of policy intervention. This work is frequently undertaken in the transport sector, but expertise is increasingly applied in sectors including health and social care, post and communications, and provision of regulated consumer services.

Explore Modeling and Simulation

  • Advertisement from 1957 for "America's Independent Electric Light and Power Companies" showing an autonomous car


    Self-Driving Vehicles

    Self-driving cars are in the news, on the road, and the future of driving. RAND information scientist Nidhi Kalra will lead a discussion of research on the potential benefits, drawbacks, and implications of driverless cars.

    Oct 28, 2014

  • A hand with a calculator against various European bills


    Lack of Complete European Integration Costs Countries, EU

    The removal of existing barriers to foreign direct direct investment and non-tariff trade barriers within the European Union could boost total intra-EU merchandise exports up to 7 per cent in the long-term. These effects would vary by Member State, and by sector of the internal market.

    Oct 21, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Causal Inference Using Mixture Models: A Word of Caution

    Mixture models are useful for monitoring the behavior of data and for offering comparisons to supplemental data, especially in the presence of unobserved heterogeneity, but one should be highly cautious when drawing causal inferences as to which population each component of the fitted mixture model represents.

    Aug 28, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Assessing the Validity of Using Serious Game Technology to Analyze Physician Decision Making

    Physician non-compliance with clinical practice guidelines remains a critical barrier to high quality care.

    Aug 1, 2014

  • Report

    Toward Improved Management of Officer Retention: A New Capability for Assessing Policy Options

    This report documents efforts to implement a capability for the U.S. Department of Defense to assess alternative policies to enhance officer retention provides source code and foundations of a spreadsheet version of the model.

    Jul 28, 2014

  • News Release

    Economic Development Not the Only Influence on Personal Car Use

    Although countries with high levels of economic development generally have more personal automobile travel than less-affluent nations, income is not the only factor that determines a nation's demand for cars.

    Jul 18, 2014

  • Stop sign in Russia

    Research Brief

    Driving in the Future in Developing Countries

    Automobility -- travel in personal vehicles -- varies between countries. This brief summarizes a study of the factors besides economic development that affect automobility and how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • Mototransport (bicycle cars) in New Delhi, India


    Exploring the Future of Driving in Developing Countries

    The level of automobility, or travel in personal vehicles, varies among countries. By determining the factors besides economic development that have affected automobility in developed countries, researchers can predict how automobility might evolve in developing countries.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • Central Texas Roadway System map


    Examining Feasibility of Time-of-Day Tolls to Reduce Congestion

    To reduce traffic along a heavily congested Texas toll road, researchers are using stated preference surveys and discrete choice models to understand how motorists will respond to alternative time-of-day pricing policies.

    Jul 14, 2014

  • Report

    Evaluation of the Shreveport Predictive Policing Experiment

    This report documents an assessment of a predictive policing effort that was conducted to evaluate the crime reduction effects of policing guided by statistical predictions.

    Jul 1, 2014

  • Stack of mail


    Modelling the Demand for Postal Products

    The UK postal market has changed significantly over recent years with the introduction of greater competition and the development of new postal products. Royal Mail has commissioned RAND Europe to undertake choice modelling research to gain a more detailed understanding of how business customers choose different products under current, and a range of possible future, market conditions.

    Jun 17, 2014

  • News Release

    Choice of University in England: It's Not Just About the Money

    Tuition fee levels are not the only factor that prospective students and their parents consider when choosing universities. They also compare employment prospects, living expenses, university location, and course quality.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • graduation cap and british pounds


    Factors Influencing Students' Choice of University in England

    Choice experiments provide fresh empirical evidence on the relative influence of tuition fee levels and other factors on the decisions of those choosing between universities. Employment prospects, living expenses, university location, course quality and tuition fees were all important.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • uncertain students


    Understanding the Impact of Differential University Fees in England

    Despite tuition of up to £9000 per year for higher education institutions in England, applications continue to rise. Aside from tuition fees, employment prospects, living expenses, university location, and course quality are important influences on prospective students' university choices.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • Woman reading inscription on the wine bottle in store

    Journal Article

    Measuring the Public Acceptability of Population-Level Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

    Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.

    May 28, 2014

  • businessman talking on a cell phone near a broken-down car


    Estimating the Value of Mobile Telephony in Mobile Network 'Not-Spots'

    Around 80,000 premises in the UK are located in areas without mobile phone coverage – referred to as “not-spots”. Researchers are estimating the social, economic and environmental impacts associated with eliminating mobile not-spot areas in England.

    Apr 25, 2014

  • Tool

    Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups (TWANG)

    The Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups, or TWANG, contains a set of functions to support causal modeling of observational data through the estimation and evaluation of propensity score weights.

    Apr 18, 2014

  • A Google self-driven car in Las Vegas, Nevada


    "Self Driving" Vehicles: Great Benefits, but Barriers to Widespread Adoption

    After examining the advantages and disadvantages of autonomous vehicles, RAND researchers determined that the overall societal benefits of this new technology likely outweigh the disadvantages. Senior behavioral scientist James Anderson will present the study results.

    Mar 24, 2014

  • a driverless car


    Policy Impacts of Self-Driving Vehicles

    Full-scale production of self-driving cars is predicted within 5–15 years. California allows these vehicles to operate on state roads, and the DMV is tasked with working on several rules for carmakers and the public. What is the best way forward?

    Mar 20, 2014

  • Report

    Analysis to Inform Defense Planning Despite Austerity

    Defense analysis can better serve policymakers by exploiting improvements in the state of the art and by rediscovering and supplementing classic principles. These relate to multiple objectives and hedging against uncertainty.

    Mar 20, 2014