Infant mortality (IM) and birth outcomes, key population health indicators, have lifelong implications for individuals, and are unequally distributed globally.
A study of Taiwan's system of universal National Health Insurance (NHI) found its introduction was associated in a reduction in deaths considered amenable to health care, particularly among those age groups least likely to have been insured previously.
The critical processes determining the strength and direction of any status effect on longevity are changes in life circumstances that result from winning or losing.
Amenable mortality—deaths that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective health care—were higher in the U.S. compared to France, Germany, and the U.K. between 1999 and 2007. Deaths from circulatory conditions like cerebrovascular disease and hypertension are the main reason amenable death rates remained high in the U.S.
The shorter the IPI following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth.
It has long been known that despite well-documented improvements in longevity for most Americans, alarming disparities persist among racial groups and between the well-educated and those with less education.
This study seeks to develop a new prognostic model, the Patient-Reported Outcome Mortality Prediction Tool (PROMPT), for six-month mortality in community-dwelling elderly patients.
The burden of maternal and infant deaths falls disproportionately on low income countries (LICs) and lower middle income countries (LMCs1) and among the poorest within these countries.
Current federal standards for hospital "meaningful use" of health information technology--which requires electronic medication orders for 30 percent of eligible patients--are probably too low to reduce deaths from heart failure and heart attack among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.
Amenable mortality is a useful indicator of health system performance but there are many methodological issues that must be taken into account when interpreting it once it is adopted for routine use in England.
Many hospital-acquired infections are preventable; reducing them would reduce in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and inpatient costs for trauma patients.
Findings include a consistent survival advantage for married over unmarried men and women, and an additional survival "premium" for married men, and little evidence of mortality differences between never-married, divorced/separated, and widowed statuses.
Recently, late-life disability rates have declined in several countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation, but no national-level trend analysis for England has been available.
This study of a Cherokee Indian population in North Carolina found that sudden increases in income were associated with short-term increases in risk-taking behavior and higher rates of accidental death.
The authors respond to Mary E. W. Goss's comments on their article: The Condition of the Literature on Differences in Hospital Mortality.
The differing relationship of African American and American Indian populations with the federal and state governments has shaped their mortality rates in significantly different ways.
Youth who think they are likely to get HIV are at greater risk for later substance abuse problems and risky sexual behaviors, but this perception doesn't cause them to reduce their substance use and change their behavior.
Although adolescents' expectations are accurate or moderately optimistic for many significant life events, they greatly overestimate their chances of dying soon. The authors examine whether adolescents' mortality judgments are correlated with their perceptions of direct threats to their survival. Contrary to the folk wisdom that adolescents have a unique sense of invulnerability, the individuals studied here reported an exaggerated sense of mortality, which was highest among those reporting greater threats in their lives.