Although prior research has indicated that intrapersonal and interpersonal forms of stigma negatively affect the health of the stigmatized, few studies have addressed the health consequences of exposure to structural forms of stigma.
We investigate the empirical relationship between child mortality and fertility across 46 low and middle income countries.
Infant mortality (IM) and birth outcomes, key population health indicators, have lifelong implications for individuals, and are unequally distributed globally.
A study of Taiwan's system of universal National Health Insurance (NHI) found its introduction was associated in a reduction in deaths considered amenable to health care, particularly among those age groups least likely to have been insured previously.
The critical processes determining the strength and direction of any status effect on longevity are changes in life circumstances that result from winning or losing.
Amenable mortality—deaths that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective health care—were higher in the U.S. compared to France, Germany, and the U.K. between 1999 and 2007. Deaths from circulatory conditions like cerebrovascular disease and hypertension are the main reason amenable death rates remained high in the U.S.
The shorter the IPI following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth.
It has long been known that despite well-documented improvements in longevity for most Americans, alarming disparities persist among racial groups and between the well-educated and those with less education.
This letter suggests several methodological reasons why patients who have higher patient experience scores may also have greater hospitalization rates, total expenditures, and mortality.
Estimation of six-month prognosis is essential in hospice referral decisions, but accurate, evidence-based tools to assist in this task are lacking.
The burden of maternal and infant deaths falls disproportionately on low income countries (LICs) and lower middle income countries (LMCs1) and among the poorest within these countries.
Current federal standards for hospital "meaningful use" of health information technology--which requires electronic medication orders for 30 percent of eligible patients--are probably too low to reduce deaths from heart failure and heart attack among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.
Amenable mortality is a useful indicator of health system performance but there are many methodological issues that must be taken into account when interpreting it once it is adopted for routine use in England.
Many hospital-acquired infections are preventable; reducing them would reduce in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and inpatient costs for trauma patients.
Findings include a consistent survival advantage for married over unmarried men and women, and an additional survival "premium" for married men, and little evidence of mortality differences between never-married, divorced/separated, and widowed statuses.
Recently, late-life disability rates have declined in several countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation, but no national-level trend analysis for England has been available.
This study of a Cherokee Indian population in North Carolina found that sudden increases in income were associated with short-term increases in risk-taking behavior and higher rates of accidental death.
Youth who think they are likely to get HIV are at greater risk for later substance abuse problems and risky sexual behaviors, but this perception doesn't cause them to reduce their substance use and change their behavior.
The authors respond to Mary E. W. Goss's comments on their article: The Condition of the Literature on Differences in Hospital Mortality.