Although prior research has indicated that intrapersonal and interpersonal forms of stigma negatively affect the health of the stigmatized, few studies have addressed the health consequences of exposure to structural forms of stigma.
Despite high per-capita expenditures in the U.S., Americans under the age of 65 are less likely than their peers in France, Germany, or the United Kingdom to receive timely and appropriate health care, writes Ellen Nolte.
Research in Matlab, Bangladesh, reveals that the shorter the interpregnancy interval (IPI) following a miscarriage, the more likely the subsequent pregnancy is to result in a live birth. However, very short IPIs are associated with a higher risk of mortality for the infants born after them.
Alarming disparities in life expectancy persist in the U.S. among racial groups and between the well-educated and those with less education. To reduce this gap in health and longevity, policymakers should improve education at young, middle, and older ages for people of all races.
Amenable mortality—deaths that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective health care—were higher in the U.S. compared to France, Germany, and the U.K. between 1999 and 2007. Deaths from circulatory conditions like cerebrovascular disease and hypertension are the main reason amenable death rates remained high in the U.S.
Outlines a roadmap toward a comprehensive monitoring system that national and regional decisionmakers can use to track progress toward World Health Organization goals to reduce the global burden of noncommunicable diseases.
This briefing identifies policy questions related to compensating service members and their survivors for fatality risk. It compares combat fatality patterns with fatalities occurring in other contexts and discusses current compensation programs.
Estimation of six-month prognosis is essential in hospice referral decisions, but accurate, evidence-based tools to assist in this task are lacking. PROMPT, a new prognostic model incorporating health-related quality of life, demonstrates promising performance and potential value for hospice referral decisions.
Previous research has shown that changes in income and health insurance are associated with changes in health and/or mortality. RAND is examining administrative data to determine whether receipt of Social Security Disability Insurance and participation in related programs causally affect survival rates among applicants.
Current federal standards for hospital "meaningful use" of health information technology--which requires electronic medication orders for 30 percent of eligible patients--are probably too low to reduce deaths from heart failure and heart attack among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.
Amenable mortality is a useful indicator of health system performance but there are many methodological issues that must be taken into account when interpreting it once it is adopted for routine use in England.
Findings include a consistent survival advantage for married over unmarried men and women, and an additional survival "premium" for married men, and little evidence of mortality differences between never-married, divorced/separated, and widowed statuses.