Neighborhood Influences On Health

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  • News Release

    No Evidence That Los Angeles Fast-Food Curbs Have Improved Diets or Cut Obesity

    A Los Angeles ordinance designed to curb obesity in low-income areas by restricting the opening of new fast-food restaurants has failed to reduce fast-food consumption or obesity. Since the restrictions were passed in 2008, overweight and obesity rates in neighborhoods targeted by the law have increased faster than in other parts of the city or other parts of the county.

    Mar 19, 2015

  • Customers holding fast food in South Los Angeles in August 2008 said they weren't planning to give it up

    Journal Article

    LA Fast-Food Ban Did Not Improve Diets or Cut Obesity

    A Los Angeles ordinance designed to curb obesity in low-income areas by restricting the opening of new fast-food restaurants has failed to reduce fast-food consumption or obesity. Since the restrictions were passed in 2008, overweight and obesity rates in neighborhoods targeted by the law have increased faster than in other parts of the city or other parts of the county.

    Mar 17, 2015

  • African-American woman looking down

    Journal Article

    Depression May Increase Obesity Risk

    Significant links were found between depression, poor nutrition, and obesity in a low-income, primarily African-American “food desert” in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mental health interventions may have broader benefits in this population.

    Mar 11, 2015

  • Dad pushing on on bike

    Content

    Environment and Neighborhood Effects

    RAND Health research on environment and neighborhood effects on health.

    Jan 9, 2015

  • Couple jogging in park

    Content

    Healthy Populations and Communities

    RAND Health research on healthy populations and communities, including substance use, workplace wellness, obesity, and environment and neighborhood effects.

    Jan 2, 2015

  • A blurry convenience store aisle

    Commentary

    A New Year's Resolution: Target Practices That Undermine Weight Control

    Many will vow to lose weight in the coming year, but most will inevitably fail, not from lack of motivation or knowledge but from insuperable forces undermining their best intentions. America should resolve to address obesity where it begins: the point of purchase.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • The view from a shopping cart at a grocery store

    Journal Article

    Improved Access May Not Be the Key to Addressing Food Deserts

    As part of the ongoing battle to fight obesity in the U.S., current policies are aimed at improving access to healthy foods, especially in neighborhoods designated as food deserts. However, research indicates proximity to full-service supermarkets was unrelated to weight or dietary quality.

    Dec 9, 2014

  • Woman running in a park

    Report

    Measuring the Contribution of Public Parks to Physical Activity and Health

    As important venues for physical activity, public parks contribute to the health and well-being of surrounding communities. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC), a reliable and easy-to-use tool, enables park administrators to quantify park use and park-based physical activity.

    Dec 2, 2014

  • Ruben's Tacos, Taco Grande Menu Item

    Project

    Eating Well with Loncheras

    This bilingual site provides information on Eating Well with Loncheras, a pilot program led by Deborah Cohen to help up to twenty Loncheras food trucks in the Los Angeles area offer healthier, alternative meal options to improve the health and well-being of the Latino community.

    Nov 18, 2014

  • Fresh produce at a grocery store

    Commentary

    Location, Location, Location: Does the Food Desert Narrative Hold Up?

    There's little rigorous evidence to support the notion that 'food deserts' are driving the U.S. obesity epidemic but this narrative has nearly become conventional wisdom. In response, stakeholders have poured hundreds of millions into bringing supermarkets to these neighborhoods.

    Oct 28, 2014

  • Teenagers hang out in an alley

    Journal Article

    Adolescents and Marijuana: Factors Contributing to Use, Non-Use, and Cessation

    With marijuana use increasing among American adolescents, a study examines the factors associated with quitting—including neighborhood, family, peer network, and individual factors. Results highlight the importance of such factors and show that relocated and isolated individuals may face challenges with cessation.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Daily Mean Temperature and Clinical Kidney Stone Presentation in Five U. S. Metropolitan Areas: A Time-Series Analysis

    Our objective was to estimate associations between mean daily temperature and kidney stone presentation according to lag time and temperatures.

    Oct 1, 2014

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    Blog

    Women's Heart Disease Awareness

    Friday is National Wear Red Day, when people are asked to wear red to raise awareness about the health risks women face from heart disease. Too little attention is devoted to preventing heart disease in women and improving the quality and outcomes of their care.

    Feb 5, 2014

  • Journal Article

    The Potential for Pocket Parks to Increase Physical Activity

    Pocket parks, when perceived as attractive and safe destinations, may increase physical activity by encouraging families with children to walk there.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Association of Vascular Risk Factors with Cognition in a Multiethnic Sample

    The authors examine the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) and cognitive performance in a multiethnic sample of older adults.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Arms pushing a cart at the supermarket

    Journal Article

    What’s Inside the Neighborhood Store May Matter More Than Its Location

    Placing supermarkets in food deserts to improve access may not be as important as offering better prices for healthy foods, actively marketing healthy foods, and helping consumers resist junk food appeals.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • Urban scene with public housing

    Journal Article

    The Impact of Public Housing on Social Networks: A Natural Experiment

    Different types of public housing have a modest impact on the health composition of one's social network, suggesting the importance of housing policy for health.

    Jan 1, 2014

  • A 40-foot-high inflatable rubber duck, created by Dutch artist Florentijn Hofman, is towed up the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, September 2013

    Commentary

    Here's to Our Health

    Atop the new mayor's agenda should be improving the health and well-being of Pittsburgh residents. With an unassailable electoral mandate in hand, Mr. Peduto is positioned to take bold steps. And the best way to do that is by applying scientific and medical evidence to shape an integrated, citywide, health-policy framework.

    Nov 25, 2013

  • couple walking in a park in autumn

    Journal Article

    Modest Improvements in Marketing and Signage at Parks Can Increase Visitors’ Activity and Exercise

    Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.

    Nov 1, 2013

  • footpath sign

    Content

    Increasing Physical Activity in Public Parks

    Researchers worked with 50 Los Angeles parks and recreation centers to determine if low-cost outreach and marketing could promote physical activity.

    Oct 17, 2013