Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
Neighborhood parks can support vigorous physical activity, but they are underutilized. Efforts to promote vigorous activity in local parks could help both child development and adult physical fitness.
The findings of a baseline survey on community resilience in Los Angeles highlighted opportunities for engaging communities in disaster preparedness and informed the development of a community action plan and toolkit.
We examined the relationship between parent-perceived neighborhood safety and children's physical activity, sedentary behavior, body mass, and obesity status on a cohort of US kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.
The presence of food outlets near home is not associated with dietary intake or BMI. In general, shopping patterns are weakly related, if at all, to neighborhoods, perhaps because of easy access to cars.
Recent debate about the role of food deserts in the United States has prompted discussion on policies being enacted, including efforts that encourage the placement of full-service supermarkets into food deserts.
The finding that park programming is the most important correlate of park use and park-based physical activity suggests that there are opportunities for facilitating physical activity among populations of both high- and low-poverty areas.
Research indicates that individuals of lower socioeconomic status engage in less leisure time physical activity than their higher socioeconomic counterparts. This difference is believed to be due in part to varying access to parks and other resources that support physical activity.
Outdoor exercise equipment in parks seems to attract more new park users and result in a higher expenditure of energy.
The authors present a new way to think sociologically about neighborhoods and place effects.
This study of perceptions of drinking water in a California school district found that school staff and public health officials have a range of concerns about water quality and availability; as some schools move to replace sugary drinks in schools and develop policies to promote water consumption, they should explore ways of addressing these concerns.
Assesses how park characteristics and demographic factors are associated with park use.
Poor and non-white neighborhoods have easier access for outdoor activities but parents think the neighborhoods are not safe for their children to play in.
The availability of energy-dense snack foods in grocery stores plays a role in the weight status of neighborhood residents.
The authors investigated the association between physical and social neighborhood environments and fifth-grade students' physical activity and obesity.
Examines race/ethnic-specific patterns of association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) and a cumulative biological risk index in a nationally representative population.
The authors examine whether neighborhood alcohol outlet density is associated with reduced social capital and whether this relationship is mediated by perceived neighborhood safety.
This paper evaluates the impact of the 1992 Civil Unrest in Los Angeles (which followed the Rodney King incident), in which many alcohol outlets were damaged leading to a decrease in alcohol outlet density, on crime.
The popularity of light-duty trucks has increased with important implications for air quality, traffic accidents and gasoline demand.
Demonstrates the independent associations between both objective and perceived neighborhood quality and adult self-rated health. Associations between perceived neighborhood quality and health are particularly strong.