The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.
Physical activity in public parks may help improve community health, but promoting it is difficult for local parks with limited budgets. Modest increases in signage, promotional items, and outreach in parks across Los Angeles boosted physical activity by 7 to 12 percent compared to parks that did not make changes.
Neighborhood parks can support vigorous physical activity, but they are underutilized. Efforts to promote vigorous activity in local parks could help both child development and adult physical fitness.
We examined the relationship between parent-perceived neighborhood safety and children's physical activity, sedentary behavior, body mass, and obesity status on a cohort of US kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.
Family environments present opportunities for interventions that promote physical activity. Family members share genetic risk factors associated with chronic health conditions, and physical inactivity tends to cluster within families and households.
The finding that park programming is the most important correlate of park use and park-based physical activity suggests that there are opportunities for facilitating physical activity among populations of both high- and low-poverty areas.
Evidence suggests that the existence of more types of food outlets in an area, including supermarkets, is associated with a higher body mass index among youth.
Research indicates that individuals of lower socioeconomic status engage in less leisure time physical activity than their higher socioeconomic counterparts. This difference is believed to be due in part to varying access to parks and other resources that support physical activity.
Parks provide numerous opportunities for physical activity (PA). Previous studies have evaluated parks' physical features, but few have assessed how park staff influence PA.
Outdoor exercise equipment in parks seems to attract more new park users and result in a higher expenditure of energy.
The majority of diabetes cases are preventable, and risk reduction strategies can be effectively applied to all racial/ethnic groups.
Findings of this study suggest special attentions to be paid to the potential detrimental impact of major recessions on physical activity.
Monitoring parts 4 days/week, 4 times/day is sufficient to estimate park use, park user characteristics, and physical activity. Applying these observation methods can augment physical activity surveillance.
This study compared the cost-effectiveness of different public interventions for promoting exercise and found that community-based campaigns and school-based interventions have the greatest potential to be scaled up at the lowest costs.
Recently, late-life disability rates have declined in several countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation, but no national-level trend analysis for England has been available.
Nudging has captured the imagination of the public, researchers, and policy makers as a way of changing human behaviour, with both the UK and US governments embracing it. Theresa Marteau and colleagues ask whether the concept stands up to scientific scrutiny.
Adolescents tend to choose friends who do similar amounts of physical activity and emulate their behavior; such networks could help promote physical activity among adolescents.
Reducing consumption of salty snacks, candy, cookies may be more effective than exercise in combating obesity
Cost profiles of physician groups are statistically more reliable than profiles of individual physicians but they don't predict individual physician performance within the group.
Physical activity is declining and sedentary behavior is increasing among adolescent girls but neighborhood and transportation characteristics do not seem to be the reason.