This report describes the study design and summary data from the first year of data collection for the Urban Child Institute Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood Study.
Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods of birth control, which include the intrauterine device and subdermal implant, are highly effective, very safe, preferable to women, and cost effective. But some states' contraceptive policies create direct and indirect barriers to LARC use.
A new field called implementation science examines how to best support providers in taking up new, research-proven treatments and implementing them well. A RAND study will test how Boys & Girls Clubs carry out a program proven to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, with and without an intervention called Getting To Outcomes®.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Effects from smoking after birth to child smoking trajectory appear to be partially mediated by problem behavior, supporting a behavioral rather than physiological effect of smoking during pregnancy but not ruling out more complex physiological pathways.
Interventions to increase contraceptive use; to reduce the incidence of induced abortion, miscarriage and stillbirth; to improve the management of such outcomes; and to strengthen antenatal care could substantially reduce maternal mortality in Bangladesh and similar countries.
The Allegheny County Maternal Depression Initiative is a quality improvement effort aimed at improving screening, referral, and engagement in treatment for low-income women at risk for maternal depression. This training session covered topics including risks of depression during pregnancy, treatment planning, management of mood disorder and medication treatment concerns in pregnancy, and psychotropic drugs during lactation.
Essentially, the available research suggests that teaching abstinence alone to teenagers does not work — they are no more likely to delay the start of sexual activity than other teenagers. But research has not been so clear regarding virginity pledges specifically, writes Steven Martino.