The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. RAND Europe is evaluating its capacity-building activities - including training, advocacy and broader community engagement activities - in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda.
Clients who verbalize statements arguing for change (change talk [CT]) in psychotherapy are more likely to decrease alcohol and other drug use (AOD) compared with clients who voice statements in opposition of change (sustain talk [ST]).
The Affordable Care Act significantly increases coverage for substance use treatment, but it does not define quality measures—which are essential to monitoring and improving treatment. Thus, increased coverage may not translate into better outcomes unless existing measures are refined and new measures are developed and tested.
With increased coverage for treating substance use disorders, the Affordable Care Act presents an opportunity to improve quality of care. However, meaningful quality measures must be developed before patients, their families, and society can benefit from improved treatment.
About half of patients who receive treatment for depression in safety-net settings also have substance use disorders. Most clients with both depression and substance abuse histories were unemployed, poor, lacked health insurance, and had high rates of arrest and homelessness.
CT lung cancer screening turns out to be like many new medical technologies: It improves health but is quite expensive. Moreover, it needs implementation that targets those most likely to benefit and provides them the care they need efficiently.
From the Affordable Care Act and new advances in medical technology to the impact of the aging population, panelists at RAND's Politics Aside discussed a wide-range of topics affecting America's health care system today and into the future.
Adult and peer factors may influence whether adolescents use alcohol and other drugs (AOD). This longitudinal study examined the direct effects of adult monitoring, perceived adult AOD use, and cultural values on adolescent AOD use.
Melinda Moore, a RAND public health physician and senior researcher, hosted an “Ask Me Anything” session on Reddit to answer questions about Ebola, including whether a U.S. travel ban would help prevent the spread of the deadly disease.
Buprenorphine is an effective alternative to methadone for treating opioid dependence because it can be taken at home rather than requiring patients to report daily to a licensed clinic. But it can only be prescribed by physicians who complete special training and obtain a waiver.
With kids working and playing in close contact and sharing supplies and equipment, schools can be hotbeds for infection. Each year, K-12 students miss about 60 million school days due to colds and the flu combined. But these five approaches can help reduce their chance of spreading infections and getting sick.
A survey of more than 5,000 U.S. veterans receiving mental health services from the Veterans Health Administration found general satisfaction, but also significant room for improvement among all areas studied.
Last week, President Obama signed a bill to overhaul care provided by the Veterans Health Administration. This is an important step, but attention to veterans' experiences receiving care, particularly veterans in need of mental health and substance use care, should be an essential component to ongoing efforts to improve quality.