An individual's education, age, and health status may present barriers or opportunities to employability, just as a region's economy, tax base, and number of immigrants and emigrants may affect job availability. RAND research examines the impact of a range of policies and forces—personal, regional, and global—on employment and unemployment.
Health and development organizations increasingly promote livelihood interventions to improve health and economic outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) receiving treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Examines features of the U.S. Army Reserve and Army National Guard's Employer Partnership Program, which seeks to strengthen relationships with reservists and their civilian employers.
Unemployed HIV+ clients in sub-Saharan Africa being treated with ART were more likely to become employed, compared with those not under treatment. Having a higher income was associated with being male and having some secondary education.
We examined whether access to benefits varies by level of childcare responsibilities among employed parents of children with special health care needs (CSHCN).
For all teens, and especially those who have already experienced problems related to alcohol and drug use, it is essential to monitor the quality of work experiences and keep in mind that some work environments might increase risk for substance use.
Evidence is mounting that something happens when youth start working that compels them to smoke. With this trend in mind, it's worth exploring potential strategies to prevent smoking among youth who enter the workforce.
Though work at older ages can benefit both the economy and retirees themselves, public policy does not always facilitate it. The retirement earning test in the early years of Social Security eligibility, for example, is perceived as a disincentive to work, writes Nicole Maestas.
Policymakers need to understand whether military spouses succeed at finding jobs and how veterans fare economically after they leave the military. But these groups differ from the civilian population in important ways, making comparisons difficult.
As large numbers of service members and veterans, many with serious injuries, return from Iraq and Afghanistan, an examination of existing return-to-work policies and programs for military men and women with service-related health problems finds that what programs do exist are poorly coordinated, and can be difficult to navigate.
Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.
There is a strong association between adolescents' beginning to work and their beginning to smoke. Thus the workplace may be an appropriate venue for antismoking interventions targeting youth.
People who do shift work should be vigilant about their risk factors. At the same time, their employers—and the government—can do more to offer education and targeted screening programs to prevent or forestall disease, writes Christian van Stolk.
Veterans being treated for depression were more likely to become employed, and remain employed when their depression status improved, highlighting the need to prevent socioeconomic deterioration among working-aged veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Ten RAND authors highlight seven ways in which the United States can help to ensure that veterans and their families receive health care, employment and education opportunities, and other benefits.
This report describes the socioeconomic environment officers will encounter if they leave active-duty service and analyzes its potential impact on Army retention and how it can be effectively communicated to officers making stay/leave decisions.
The 2007 expansion of the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) program increased employment among disabled veterans by 2 percentage points in 2007 and 2008, representing roughly 32,000 jobs each year.
Estimates the effects of the 2007 expansion of the Work Opportunity Tax Credit program, which offered tax credits to employers who hired certain groups of veterans, including those with service-connected disabilities.
These proceedings summarize the discussion at a July 2011 workshop convened to examine how trends in four areas -- the economy, demographics, the workplace, and lifestyles -- will affect the poor and vulnerable in America in the coming decade.
Explores the age management practices of companies in nine European Union (EU) Member States, in light of restructuring undergone during the recession.
BT has an 'age neutral' approach to promoting diversity and equality among age groups in its workforce.