RAND work on public safety issues ranges from policing and prisons to violent crime and the illegal drug trade, as well as homeland security and emergency preparedness. RAND delivers research that reflects our core values of quality and objectivity and helps inform policy debates that are often riddled with arguments driven not by evidence but by emotion and ideology.
Online prescription drug sales require better oversight: For every 10 percent increase in high-speed Internet use at the state level, associated treatment facility admissions for prescription drug abuse rose by 1 percent.
More-popular middle school students are more likely to be cigarette smokers, drinkers, and marijuana users, as well as past-month drinkers, suggesting that popularity is a risk factor for substance abuse.
This study found that the number of emergency departments operating in the US from 1990 to 2009 declined by 27%. EDs with safety-net status, for-profit ownership, and low profit margin were at higher risk of closure.
In this paper, we describe a methodology for measuring a region's exposure to infrastructure-related risks that captures both a community's concentration of facilities or sites considered to be vulnerable and of the proximity of these facilities to surrounding infrastructure systems.
About one-third of veterans report using alcohol, street drugs, or medication prescribed for others to manage pain.
This methodology, which has been applied previously to preparedness measurement, is explored as a tool for exercise design to focus it more tightly on key potential problem areas and to make it easier to use exercise data to explore preparedness for incidents that could differ considerably from the specific exercised scenario.
This study examines how the effect of alcohol excise taxes on the demand for alcohol varies across different racial and ethnic groups.
Prison health institutions, like all other large health institutions, need robust measurement systems. The indicators presented in this article provide a basic library for prison health managers developing such systems.
California's prisons, which are operating under receivership for medical care, need help in improving the quality of health care they provide.
A public safety message aimed at improving gun law awareness was found to have an effect on new gun buyers' behaviors, particularly in regards to reports of stolen guns, which more than doubled as a result.
Young homeless "travelers" engage in higher risk behavior than non-traveler homeless and may have different service needs and require different service approaches.
Outlets that sell alcohol on the premises (e.g., bars or restaurants) do more to prevent alcohol sales to minors than outlets such as convenience or liquor stores.
Health care facilities may be prepared to deal with the medical aspects of large-scale disasters but they lack guidelines for managing the psychological aspects of disasters.
This paper provides a look back at the creation, evolution and growth of the RAND Drug Policy Research Center (DPRC).
There is no statistically significant evidence that the Mexico City smoke-free law had a negative impact on restaurants' income, employees' wages and levels of employment.
The chemical compounds found in marijuana deserve more attention as efforts to regulate marijuana for medical and recreational use go forward.
The PROMIS Smoking Initiative has the goal of developing, evaluating, and making widely available a set of items for assessing smoking behavior and the biopsychosocial constructs that can be used to predict smoking outcomes.
This study combines a text analysis of 70 after action reports (AARs) with a failure mode effects and consequences analysis (FMECA). This approach provides a mechanism to connect the AAR process with efforts to improve emergency response planning.
This paper examines auction sales of African tribal art for the continent as a whole and by individual nations of origin.
This paper defines a framework for the collection of cultural intelligence as a fundamental asset in countering threats to cultural security.