Recidivism — the act of repeating an undesirable behavior despite having suffered negative consequences for that behavior — is most often associated with criminal behavior and substance abuse. RAND research explores how to reduce reoffending among former convicts in the adult and juvenile justice systems.
Research conducted by:
RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment;
Safety and Justice Program
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Inmates who participate in correctional education programs have a 43 percent lower odds of returning to prison than those who do not. Employment after release is 13 percent higher among prisoners who participated in either academic or vocational education programs than those who did not.
Journal Articles (9)
The study compared the recidivism of 517 deportable and 780 nondeportable aliens released from the Los Angeles County Jail over a 30-day period in 2002.
Relative to similarly situated deportable aliens with no record of deportation, previously deported aliens are more likely to be rearrested, to be rearrested more quickly, and to be rearrested more frequently in a one-year follow-up period.
To predict DUI recidivism using personality, attitudinal, and behavioral factors.
Acculturation may be a risk factor for repeat DUI convictions.
This paper empirically documents one way in which prosecutorial discretion may be used to dampen the effects of mandatory minimum sentencing laws.
Addressing the multiple treatment needs of drug-involved offenders can enhance outcomes including sobriety and recidivism.
This article reviews recent recidivism studies for two rehabilitation programs: Moral Reconation Therapy, which attempts to reduce recidivism by increasing the moral reasoning abilities of offenders, and Reasoning and Rehabilitation, which aims to educate offenders to change underlying criminogenic thoughts and attitudes.
Uses data from a survey conducted by the California Department of Social Services to examine the extent of recidivism in child protective case openings in California and the factors associated with it.
The authors used a randomized field experiment to evaluate the impact of efforts at post-arrest case enhancement by a special repeat offender unit of the Phoenix Police Department.