Recidivism — the act of repeating an undesirable behavior despite having suffered negative consequences for that behavior — is most often associated with criminal behavior and substance abuse. RAND research explores how to reduce reoffending among former convicts in the adult and juvenile justice systems.
Research conducted by:
RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment;
Safety and Justice Program
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Inmates who participate in correctional education programs have a 43 percent lower odds of returning to prison than those who do not. Employment after release is 13 percent higher among prisoners who participated in either academic or vocational education programs than those who did not.
Research Briefs (6)
Assesses the effectiveness of correctional education for both incarcerated adults and juveniles, presents the results of a survey of U.S. state correctional education directors, and offers recommendations for improving correctional education.
A comprehensive literature review enabled the examination of the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment upon release from prison, and the cost-effectiveness of correctional education.
One strategy to counter recidivism is to provide education to inmates while incarcerated so that they have the knowledge, training, and skills to support a successful return to their communities.
Over the past ten years, probation departments across the state of California have undertaken five major initiatives aimed at juvenile offenders and at-risk youths.
Much less attention has been paid to diverting youths who have not yet committed crimes from doing so.
How much crime reduction can they expect from the three-strikes law? And how much will it cost? What about the alternatives? And where will the money come from?