RAND experts have often been among the pioneers of key scientific research, including computer analysis, satellite development, military technology, and the foundations of the Internet. RAND's research has also resulted in the development of new methodologies and ways of analyzing policy issues, from the Delphi method to Robust Decision Making.
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While the event in Russia was caused by a medium-sized (10,000-ton) meteor, larger objects, like the asteroid 2012 DA14 that also passed near Earth last week, have the potential to be significantly more damaging, write Dave Baiocchi and William Welser.
Journal Articles (445)
Online prescription drug sales require better oversight: For every 10 percent increase in high-speed Internet use at the state level, associated treatment facility admissions for prescription drug abuse rose by 1 percent.
This study investigated perceptions and experiences of parents and providers about health information management, care planning and coordination for children with tracheotomy, and strategies to improve health information management for these children.
The authors consider an evidence-based approach to science and innovation policy analysis.
Paleolimnological research in mountainous regions of the Western United States provide baseline understanding of how these lake systems will respond to ongoing climate change.
Using a 12-year county-level panel, this study found that a 10 percent increase in births that occur in hospitals with electronic medical records reduces neonatal mortality by 16 deaths per 100,000 live births.
Appropriate use of existing diagnostic tests for infections, and development of better ones, could reduce overuse of antibacterial drugs.
Although most physicians qualify for federal incentives to promote adoption of electronic health records, eligibility varies substantially by specialty and practice size.
Studies are needed that document the specific challenges of implementing health information technology and how these challenges might be addressed.
The authors present the concept of robust decision making (RDM), which draws on already-existing knowledge of practitioners to choose actions that are viable in both the short- and long-term.
The Coburn and Turner framework provides a useful way to think about the conditions that should be in place to promote effective data use with and by students.
Clinicians, EHR and HIE product vendors and trainers should work toward integrating HIE into clinical workflows.
Encryption is seen as a way to prevent malicious use of patient data, but there is no empirical evidence that it does.
This paper reports an assessment of how well the structure and code sets specified in the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs Structured and Codified Sig Format represent ambulatory electronic prescriptions.
The quickest way to assess the strength of a community's hospital systems is to spend a few hours in the emergency department.
This external publication is an online database of short Horizon Scanning Centre think-pieces. RAND Europe updated 25% of the papers on this database, to incorporate more recent policy issues, evidence, and developments.
Large local health departments could better inform planning and investments by using geographic information systems to align community needs and health outcomes with public health programs.
Use of electronic health records by hospitals across the United States has had only a limited effect on improving the quality of medical care.
We provide population-based prevalence estimates for moderate and strong familial risk for five common cancers and hereditary breast-ovarian cancer and hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer.
Uptake of new cervical cancer screening protocols can occur quickly among traditionally underserved groups and may be aided by early adoption by specialists.
This report sets out findings from a research project into the barriers to and incentives for information sharing in the field of network and information security, in the context of peer-to-peer groups such as Information Exchanges (IE) and Information Sharing Analysis Centres (ISACs).