Sea Transport

  • Blog

    Somali Piracy All About Economics

    The average Somali lives on less than $2 a day. Even fishermen, who are comparatively well off by national standards, face difficulties making a living due to the chronic depletion of sea stocks from years of poaching and illegal dumping of toxic waste. Under such circumstances, the allure of piracy is clear.

    Oct 11, 2013

  • Journal Article

    China Consolidates its Maritime Law Enforcement Agencies

    The announced plan to restructure China's maritime law enforcement agencies represents an important effort by Chinese authorities to streamline a poorly-managed maritime law enforcement bureaucracy increasingly involved in China's maritime territorial disputes.

    Mar 1, 2013

  • Blog

    Odd Man Out at Sea

    The United States has yet to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. As a result, the U.S., the world's leading maritime power, is at a military and economic disadvantage, write Thad W. Allen, Richard L. Armitage, and John J. Hamre.

    Apr 25, 2011

  • Blog

    Kowtowing to Pirates' Ransoms Fuels Maritime Piracy

    Instead of fanning piracy, international businesses need to heed policy. Ransoms in the short term can only lead to more problems in the long term, writes Laurence Smallman.

    Apr 11, 2011

  • Blog

    Stormy Seas off Somalia: Pirate Activity Will Increase in 2011

    Only by addressing the poverty and lack of central authority in Somalia can the international community lower maritime crime and violence off the Horn of Africa, writes Peter Chalk.

    Feb 28, 2011

  • Blog

    An Old Scourge Needs a Modern Solution

    Piracy is a crime at sea, but it starts on land. To thwart the Somali piracy career path, the world community should put funds toward protecting local fishing grounds and building a national coast guard capability in Somalia, writes Peter Chalk.

    Sep 3, 2010

  • Report

    Countering Piracy in the Modern Era

    RAND recently convened a group of experts from the U.S. government, allied partner nations, the maritime industry, and academic organizations to reconsider the underlying factors that drive maritime piracy in this century. This conference proceedings highlights the six major themes that animated much of the discussion.

    Aug 20, 2009

  • Blog

    On Dry Land - The Onshore Drivers of Piracy

    Piracy is a growing international problem, primarily around the Horn of Africa. The international response has been largely military in nature and focused exclusively on the maritime theatre, ignoring key land drivers of piracy, which will resurface once the military actions end, write Peter Chalk and Laurence Smallman.

    Jul 3, 2009

  • Testimony

    The Chinese Navy's "New Historic Missions": Expanding Capabilities for a Re-emergent Maritime Power

    In testimony presented before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, Cortez A. Cooper ties China's re-emergence as a naval power to its expanding economic and security interests.

    Jun 8, 2009

  • Blog

    Who Has the Will to Fight Piracy?

    The recent French and American rescues of hostages held by pirates off the coast of Somalia were necessary and proper. No one believes these actions will end piracy. But unless we impose risks on the pirates—which means taking some risks ourselves—piracy will certainly flourish, writes Brian Michael Jenkins.

    Apr 21, 2009

  • Multimedia

    Pirate Threats on U.S. Companies (Fox Business)

    Peter Chalk Discusses Pirate Threats on U.S. Companies

    Apr 13, 2009

  • Blog

    Piracy Still Threatens the Freedom of the Seas

    As recent events off the Horn of Africa have demonstrated, armed violence at sea is emerging as a growing threat.... Piracy threatens the freedom of the seas, increases the cost of international business, endangers political security through corruption, and could trigger a major environmental disaster, write Peter Chalk and Laurence Smallman.

    Apr 3, 2009

  • Testimony

    Maritime Piracy: Reasons, Dangers and Solutions

    In testimony presented before the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation, Peter Chalk testifies on the scope and contributing factors driving the rash of recent pirate attacks and the principal dangers associated with this particular manifestation of transnational crime.

    Jan 27, 2009

  • Event

    Insights Into Recent Armed Violence on the Open Seas

    Summary of the December 9, 2008 Congressional Briefing presented by Peter Chalk: Piracy and Armed Violence at Sea

    Dec 9, 2008

  • Blog

    Piracy Needs Regional Answer

    The international community is at something of a loss as to how to respond to the increasingly audacious nature of piracy off the Horn of Africa.... What's needed is a less dramatic and more nuanced approach, one with a greater focus on the land-based violence in Somalia, home of the pirates, writes Peter Chalk.

    Nov 25, 2008

  • News Release

    Increase In Piracy And Terrorism At Sea; Little Evidence Supports Fear That The Two Crimes Are Merging

    Acts of piracy and terrorism at sea are on the rise, but there is little evidence to support concerns from some governments and international organizations that pirates and terrorists are beginning to collude with one another.

    Jun 5, 2008

  • Research Brief

    Piracy and Terrorism at Sea: A Rising Challenge for U.S. Security

    This research brief summarizes RAND's analysis of recent trends in piracy and maritime terrorism, which pose a significant threat. The United States has taken only limited steps to enhance maritime security; broader measures are required.

    Apr 30, 2008

  • Report

    While Piracy and Terrorism at Sea Grow, Scant Evidence That They're Merging

    Acts of piracy and terrorism at sea are on the rise, but there is little evidence to support concerns from some governments and international organizations that pirates and terrorists are beginning to collude with one another.

    Apr 28, 2008

  • Report

    UK's 30 Year Defense Plan to Acquire 50 Ships, Submarines May Overstretch Capacity

    To preserve its ability to design, build and support complex warships and submarines, the UK's Ministry of Defence (MOD) asked RAND Europe for help with identifying labour implications for its shipbuilding programme. Research indicates that MOD will need to preserve and sustain several key technical skills, especially detailed designers and professional engineers for various stages of surface ship and submarine acquisition and support.

    Apr 12, 2008

  • Report

    Small Ships in Theater Security Cooperation

    The authors evaluate roles for small ships in theater security cooperation, present a concept of operations for employing such ships, describe necessary ship and crew characteristics, and survey classes of suitable vessels.

    Mar 16, 2008