Underwater vessels first existed as early as the 17th century but did not become critical components of modern navies until the 20th century. RAND analysts have examined the submarine's role in nuclear conflict, the design of new submarines for the Australian navy, and the future role of unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs).

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    Australia Has Considerable Expertise in Submarine Design, but Gaps Still Exist

    Dec 15, 2011

    The Royal Australian Navy intends to acquire 12 new submarines to replace its Collins-class vessels. RAND assessed the domestic engineering and design skills that Australian industry and government will need to design the new submarine, identified the skills they currently possess, and evaluated how to fill any gaps between the two.

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