RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) to provide estimates of its efficacy and safety for treating substance use disorders.
This study demonstrated the feasibility and import of involving formerly incarcerated adults in the design, implementation, and testing of interventions intended to support their reintegration efforts.
Many will vow to lose weight in the coming year, but most will inevitably fail, not from lack of motivation or knowledge but from insuperable forces undermining their best intentions. America should resolve to address obesity where it begins: the point of purchase.
Adult and peer factors may influence whether adolescents use alcohol and other drugs (AOD). This longitudinal study examined the direct effects of adult monitoring, perceived adult AOD use, and cultural values on adolescent AOD use.
There has been growing concern about both sexual assault and alcohol misuse in the U.S. military. Research on civilians may provide guidance for efforts to reduce alcohol misuse as part of a larger strategy targeting sexual assault in the military.
With marijuana use increasing among American adolescents, a study examines the factors associated with quitting—including neighborhood, family, peer network, and individual factors. Results highlight the importance of such factors and show that relocated and isolated individuals may face challenges with cessation.
Assessed whether providing prevention coalitions with Getting To Outcomes-Underage Drinking (GTO-UD) helped improve implementation of two common EAP strategies, responsible beverage service training (RBS) and compliance checks.
Gaining a better understanding of the factors that influence the evidence-based treatment sustainment may lead to more effective dissemination strategies and ultimately improve the quality of care being delivered in community-based addiction treatment settings.
RAND's evaluation of the Primary and Behavioral Health Care Integration grants program found that programs improved access to integrated primary and behavioral health care for people with serious mental illness but had mixed success improving health.
Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.