Gaining a better understanding of the factors that influence the evidence-based treatment sustainment may lead to more effective dissemination strategies and ultimately improve the quality of care being delivered in community-based addiction treatment settings.
RAND's evaluation of the Primary and Behavioral Health Care Integration grants program found that programs improved access to integrated primary and behavioral health care for people with serious mental illness but had mixed success improving health.
Public acceptability influences policy action, but the most acceptable policies are not always the most effective. The findings of a discrete-choice experiment suggest that public acceptability of alcohol interventions is dependent on both the nature of the policy and its expected effectiveness. Policy-makers struggling to mobilise support for hitherto unpopular but promising policies should consider giving greater prominence to their expected outcomes.
The PBHCI grant program aims to improve the wellness of people with serious mental illness by making primary health care available in community-based settings. Evaluation of strategies, processes, improvements, and outcomes revealed diverse programs serving great needs but with lower than expected enrollment.
Despite the frequency with which people are convicted of multiple DUI offenses, California continues to require that all individuals with a DUI attend a 30- or 60-hour education program. However, these programs aren't that effective.
Due to budget concerns the federal government just shut down a critical data source that provides insights into abuse, dependence on, and spending on heroin and other hard drugs like crack and methamphetamine.
The present study examined smoking prevalence and the demographic, clinical and psychosocial characteristics associated with smoking among a sample of Veterans Affairs primary care patients with probable major depression.
Despite efforts to curb substance use and abuse, marijuana consumption continues to be a problem among young adults. Analysis of a nationally representative sample revealed a significant association between marijuana use and antisocial behavior in young adults, with higher levels of antisocial behavior among heavy users.
Despite limited evidence and variable development methods, recent guidelines on chronic pain agree on several opioid risk mitigation strategies, including upper dosing thresholds; cautions with certain medications; attention to drug–drug and drug–disease interactions; and use of risk assessment tools, treatment agreements, and urine drug testing.
The study tested whether adolescents receiving substance abuse treatment at facilities offering full or partial mental health services have better 12-month substance use and mental health outcomes than youths at facilities with no mental health services.
Racially/ethnically diverse preadolescent children share many of the same risk factors for smoking that have been found in studies of older children. Therefore, antismoking policies and programs might be more effective if designed for preadolescents as well as adolescents.