Treatment-seeking for substance use disorders among adolescents is more effective at promoting engagement with health care if the motivation comes from the adolescent him/herself rather than from a caregiver.Â Â
Recent strategies to combat the opioid epidemic have had some success. But much more research is needed to understand their effectiveness. For pressing funding decisions, policymakers should focus on tactics that address both prescription opioid and heroin use.
Surgeons successfully delivered a brief smoking cessation intervention to patients preparing for peripheral artery disease surgery; initial results suggest the pre-surgery period may be a “teachable moment” for encouraging patients to quit smoking.
This report presents the framework of an analytic tool that can help the military predict future trends in PDM based on current demographics of active-duty service members and rates of injury and prescribing of prescription drugs.
This tool reviews how primary care providers should discuss and treat alcohol or opioid dependence with their patients, including using extended-release, injectable naltrexone and administering buprenorphine/naloxone.
Many American physicians who prescribe buprenorphine to treat individuals addicted to opioids are prescribing substantially below the patient limits allowed by law. More than 20 percent of waivered physicians treated only three or fewer patients.
This report describes the research questions, data sources, and potential designs that might be used to evaluate the Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinic demonstration, in hopes of providing evidence to policymakers on impact and value.
Analyses of longitudinal data on crime and delinquency need to address individual-level effects to better understand factors like social context that may contribute to their association, and to devise targeted interventions.
Smoking prevention programs may benefit from incorporating a social network-based approach to help youth foster relationships with lower-risk peers; programs should also address other forms of substance use.
Opioid overdoses were the greatest cause of accidental death in America in 2014. A panel discussion at RAND addressed the epidemic, including societal attitudes toward pain and addiction, poor understanding of the mechanics of addiction itself, economic drivers, legal responses, and treatment approaches.