Substance use touches on many facets of public policy, including health and health care, economic issues, criminal justice, and risk behaviors — particularly among youth. Accordingly, RAND conducts drug policy research that addresses a range of concerns, from treatment effectiveness, harm reduction, drug markets and supply, and predictors and consequences to evaluations of programs to prevent youth from using and abusing drugs, alcohol, and tobacco.
A decade of unprecedented efforts in Arkansas has cut cigarette use by nearly one-third and reduced incidence of tobacco-related illnesses such as heart attacks and stroke. To maintain the gains it has made, Arkansas should continue its financial commitment of devoting the tobacco settlement funds to public health programs.
This summary of the external evaluation of Arkansas Tobacco Settlement Commission activities looks at program implementation and changes in health outcomes associated with seven health-related programs funded by the Master Settlement Agreement over the past decade.
This DVD set presents demonstrations of techniques, strategies, and exercises used in the BRIGHT (Building Recovery by Improving Goals, Habits, and Thoughts) group therapy for individuals with co-occurring alcohol and drug use problems.
Cultural values affect the likelihood that adolescents will begin to use alcohol.
Interventions that address potentially detrimental consequences of low socioeconomic status and adverse school environments may help reduce racial and ethnic differences in child health.
The aim of the PROMIS® Smoking Initiative is to develop, evaluate, and standardize item banks to assess cigarette smoking behavior and biopsychosocial constructs associated with smoking for both daily and non-daily smokers.
Research has uncovered links between the motives movie characters convey for smoking on the silver screen and real-world smoking risk among middle school students.
This November, voters in multiple states will be asked to consider propositions concerning decriminalization and legalization of marijuana. Join RAND experts for a panel discussion on marijuana laws and policies at both the state and federal level.
In this July 2012 Congressional Briefing, researchers from the RAND Drug Policy Research Center discuss marijuana legalization, how it differs from decriminalization, its possible consequences, and federal response to state initiatives.
Someone who uses cocaine every other day or more often is probably cocaine dependent; someone who uses marijuana every other day or more often is probably not cannabis dependent. In this regard, marijuana resembles alcohol more than it does the "hard" drugs.
How legalizing marijuana would affect consumption and tax revenues will depend on many design choices including tax level, incentives for a continued black market, whether advertising is restricted, and how the regulatory system is designed and adjusted.
This study described the prevalence and risk factors for nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPD) among injection drug users (IDUs) recruited at syringe exchange programs (SEPs) in California.
This book provides a non-partisan primer on the topic of whether marijuana should be legalized, covering everything from the risks and benefits of using marijuana, to describing the current laws around the drug in the United States and abroad.
This study examines the overall scale and trend of price promotions and discounts in some European countries and the responses of consumers and suppliers to a variety of alcohol regulations, including excise duties.
Exposure to movies that portray motivations for smoking places adolescents at particular risk for future smoking.
Group cognitive behavioral therapy was an effective treatment for major depression for clients in residential substance abuse treatment, thus extending the effectiveness of group CBT for major depression to a new setting, patient population, and type of provider.
The article reconstructs and analyzes the parallel evolution of the international drug control regime and the world opiate market, assessing the impact of the former on the latter until the rise of present-day mass markets.
This study demonstrates that it is possible to determine whether group motivational interviewing (MI) is implemented with integrity in the group setting and that MI in this setting is different from what takes place in usual care.
In honor of National Underage Drinking Prevention Day, there will be a live, interactive webcast today (May 21) about successful approaches and resources to prevent underage drinking. The issue of underage drinking may sometimes be overshadowed by other forms of substance use, but it remains a steady and significant problem in the United States.
The RAND Drug Policy Research Center (DPRC) helps community leaders and public officials develop more effective ways of dealing with drug problems. DPRC provides a firm, empirical foundation on which sound drug policies can be built.