Third World Countries


More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems of international development and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

  • Children in Ecuador waiting in meal line


    Pardee Initiative Offers Bold Ideas for Global Human Progress

    Jan 27, 2014

    Launched in December 2013 with a generous grant from Frederick S. Pardee, the Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress is a new approach to chronic problems faced by the developing world, most notably food insecurity and challenges of urbanization.

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    RAPID Seeks to Enhance Wellbeing of People in Developing Countries

    Dec 23, 2011

    Understanding the factors influencing economic growth and development is crucial to enhancing the human welfare of a nation. Research and Policy in International Development (RAPID) is a research center committed to fulfilling this objective.

Explore Developing Countries

  • Journal Article

    Returns to Education in Developing Countries: Evidence from the Living Standards and Measurement Study Surveys

    This study uses 61 nationally representative household surveys from 25 developing countries between 1985 and 2012 to assess whether returns to education are systematically higher in developing countries.

    Nov 18, 2015

  • Laborers carry bricks at a brick factory on the outskirts of Agartala, India, January 7, 2015


    Attacking Poverty Through Employability Interventions

    The UN's goal to end poverty is a worthy undertaking but less clear to policymakers is what the most efficient options are to reduce poverty through employment or training. An analysis of efforts in South Asia finds that investments in interventions that combine business training with financing could yield positive results.

    Oct 16, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop


    Mapping the Diversity of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    RAND Europe has been commissioned by the World Bank to conduct a stocktaking exercise to map the diversity of employment interventions in South Asia. In addition, RAND will conduct a scoping review of international evidence on the impact of interventions.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Two Indian men working in a textile shop


    Taking Stock of Employment Interventions in South Asia

    While the number has declined over recent decades, estimates of global poverty remain high. Employment is crucial to lift people out of poverty. A review of the most prominent employment interventions in South Asia could provide guidance for future efforts to increase employment.

    Oct 14, 2015

  • Woman using a digital tablet with an elderly man


    Bridging the Global Age Gap

    The Trans-Pacific Partnership offers hope for balancing the world's rapidly aging with its jobless youth. As long-term care for the elderly becomes a pressing need in many developed countries, services such as monitoring and reminding people to take their medications could be provided remotely from countries with an abundance of younger workers.

    Oct 8, 2015

  • Citizens of Cochabamba sign cards as part of the Cartas de Mujeres Bolivia campaign


    In Latin America, Breaking the Cycle of Intimate-Partner Abuse One Handwritten Letter at a Time

    Latin America has one of the highest rates of intimate-partner violence in the world, but a series of high-profile cases, including the murder of a journalist by her policeman husband, have propelled intimate-partner violence to the fore of Bolivia's public agenda.

    Sep 30, 2015

  • HIV test at Pomerini in Tanzania


    New Partnerships for Improving Global Health Research

    Partnerships between public and private organizations have become a powerful mechanism for addressing longer-term and structural challenges faced by developing countries that have a high burden of poverty-related diseases.

    Sep 22, 2015

  • Young men collaborating in a workshop at the Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, October 23, 2014


    Improving Mongolia's Labor Market and Enhancing Opportunities for Youth

    Despite a recent slowdown, Mongolia has experienced dramatic economic growth in the 2000s. Youth labor-market success is important to Mongolia's economic future. Insights from the challenges young Mongolians face, as well as their achievements and aspirations, can help inform policy.

    Aug 24, 2015

  • Mural at the Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe


    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa

    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries.

    Jul 30, 2015

  • World Bank nutrition program in Djibouti


    Review of the World Bank's Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund

    The UK Department for International Development commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a Mid Term Review of the World Bank's Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund. The review will draw on a number of methods to collect a wide range of data upon which the review will be based.

    Jul 10, 2015

  • World Bank nutrition program in Djibouti


    Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund Mid Term Review: Final Report

    The Department for International Development (DfID) commissioned RAND Europe to conduct a Mid Term Review of the Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund, run by the World Bank.

    Jul 10, 2015

  • Juba, South Sudan, February 2014: Internally displaced persons in South Sudan find a safe shelter at the UN House IDP Camp


    Family Planning Must Be Part of the Humanitarian Response in Africa's Conflict Zones

    Worldwide, nearly 800 women die every day due to mostly preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. More than half of these deaths occur in fragile states torn by armed conflict and generalized violence.

    Jul 1, 2015

  • Chinese currency


    China's Foreign Aid Offensive

    China has given an average of $174 billion per year in foreign assistance for the last six years. How will the scale of its foreign aid change in the future?

    Jun 29, 2015

  • A farmer in China inspects his rice


    Reaching the 80 Percent: Q&A with Krishna Kumar

    Krishna Kumar discusses studying agriculture in China, low-income housing in India, and labor markets in Bangladesh, and how research can help the developing world.

    Jun 15, 2015

  • Trainee health workers preparing to don protective suits at a World Health Organization training session in Freetown September 30, 2014


    What the Ebola Crisis Taught Us About Emergency Preparedness

    The 2014 Ebola outbreak was the most severe of its kind. At the height of the crisis, 800 to 1,000 new cases were reported per week in Africa across the three most heavily affected countries. As of last week, there were only 12 confirmed cases. What must be done to prevent and mitigate future crises of this nature?

    Jun 4, 2015

  • Tailor working in shop in Bangladesh


    Labor Markets and Growth in Bangladesh

    RAND is collaborating with the BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD) at BRAC University in Dhaka to study the relationship between labor markets in the formal and informal sectors in Bangladesh and the role of the informal sector in stimulating economic growth.

    Apr 22, 2015

  • Congolese M23 rebels patrol near Rushuru, in DRC August 2013 as a deadline set by UN peacekeepers for rebels to lay down their weapons passes


    Addressing Risks in Security Sector Assistance to Africa

    Often those countries most in need of security sector assistance are least able to make good use of it. How can the United States better anticipate and mitigate the risks of assistance to Africa's fragile states?

    Apr 15, 2015

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    Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • Supporters of Nigerian presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari gesture in front of his election posters in Kano March 27, 2015


    What's at Stake in Nigeria's Elections

    Next to ethnic and religious predilections, security is by far the biggest issue for Nigerians in Saturday's election. For more than 50 years, since Nigeria's independence from British rule, its military has played an important role in peacekeeping across the continent. Paradoxically, the country has struggled with an insurgency within its own borders.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • An Imam recites verses from the Koran through a megaphone in an effort to 'heal' patients with mental health problems in Mogadishu, Somalia


    Mental Health Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Depression is the leading cause of disability throughout the world and is especially prevalent among low-income African countries, where 75 percent of the people who suffer from mental illness do not have easy access to the mental health care they need.

    Mar 10, 2015